Risk factors for respiratory infections among children attending day care centres.Fam Pract. 2016 Apr; 33(2):161-6.FP
Upper respiratory tract infection (URTI), lower respiratory tract infection (LRTI) and acute otitis media (AOM) are common in children attending day care centres.
This study aimed to characterize the risk factors of URTI, LRTI and AOM in children attending day care.
A cross-sectional study was conducted in children aged up to 3 years (n = 152) of six day care centres in Porto. Logistic regression was used on independent variables: mother-related, household-related, child-related and day care-related risk factors as predictors of the dependent variables: URTI, LRTI and AOM.
The risk of URTI increased as the number of children decreased [odds ratio (OR) = 0.620, 95% CI = 0.411-0.935], as the area per child decreased (OR = 0.434, 95% CI = 0.206-0.914) and as the disinfection of WC/diapers-change increased (OR = 2.56, 95% CI = 1.089-6.017). There was a higher risk of URTI if nasal aspirators (OR = 6.763, 95% CI = 1.022-44.753), rather than physiologic serum (OR = 5.296, 95% CI = 1.097-25.559), were used at day care centres. The risk of LRTI increased as the household size decreased (OR = 0.213, 95% CI = 0.048-0.937) and it was higher if the child had no siblings (OR = 7.831, 95% CI = 1.065-57.578). The risk of LRTI was higher if the child was not exclusively breastfed (OR = 24.612, 95% CI = 1.108-546.530) and the risk increased as the duration of exclusive breastfeeding decreased (OR = 0.396, 95% CI = 0.170-0.920). The risk of AOM increased as the birth body mass index (OR = 2.247, 95% CI = 1.011-4.992) and weight (OR = 1.607, 95% CI = 1.014-2.545) increased and if nasal aspirators were used (OR = 6.763, 95% CI = 1.022-44.753).
URTI were related with day care centres' risk factors, LRTI were associated with mother-related and household-related risk factors and AOM was connected with child-related risk factors.