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Alcohol effects on cognitive and personality style in women with special reference to primary and secondary process.
Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 1989 Oct; 13(5):644-8.AC

Abstract

Changes in primary and secondary process functioning as well as in experienced locus of control as indicators of cognitive style were examined as a function of alcohol intoxication. Women subjects drank 1.0 ml of pure alcohol/kg body weight and were compared to a placebo and a control group. Results indicated a significant shift in locus of control toward greater externality and a significant shift in cognitive style from a dominance of secondary process when sober to a dominance of primary process when intoxicated. These shifts were discussed as indicative of the pharmacological properties of alcohol and were related to the disinhibition and the arousal hypotheses. Alternative explanations were also discussed.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychology, University of Orebro, Sweden.No affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

2688462

Citation

Gustafson, R, and H Källmén. "Alcohol Effects On Cognitive and Personality Style in Women With Special Reference to Primary and Secondary Process." Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research, vol. 13, no. 5, 1989, pp. 644-8.
Gustafson R, Källmén H. Alcohol effects on cognitive and personality style in women with special reference to primary and secondary process. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 1989;13(5):644-8.
Gustafson, R., & Källmén, H. (1989). Alcohol effects on cognitive and personality style in women with special reference to primary and secondary process. Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research, 13(5), 644-8.
Gustafson R, Källmén H. Alcohol Effects On Cognitive and Personality Style in Women With Special Reference to Primary and Secondary Process. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 1989;13(5):644-8. PubMed PMID: 2688462.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Alcohol effects on cognitive and personality style in women with special reference to primary and secondary process. AU - Gustafson,R, AU - Källmén,H, PY - 1989/10/1/pubmed PY - 1989/10/1/medline PY - 1989/10/1/entrez SP - 644 EP - 8 JF - Alcoholism, clinical and experimental research JO - Alcohol. Clin. Exp. Res. VL - 13 IS - 5 N2 - Changes in primary and secondary process functioning as well as in experienced locus of control as indicators of cognitive style were examined as a function of alcohol intoxication. Women subjects drank 1.0 ml of pure alcohol/kg body weight and were compared to a placebo and a control group. Results indicated a significant shift in locus of control toward greater externality and a significant shift in cognitive style from a dominance of secondary process when sober to a dominance of primary process when intoxicated. These shifts were discussed as indicative of the pharmacological properties of alcohol and were related to the disinhibition and the arousal hypotheses. Alternative explanations were also discussed. SN - 0145-6008 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/2688462/Alcohol_effects_on_cognitive_and_personality_style_in_women_with_special_reference_to_primary_and_secondary_process_ L2 - https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/openurl?genre=article&sid=nlm:pubmed&issn=0145-6008&date=1989&volume=13&issue=5&spage=644 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -