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Synthesis, characterization and toxicological evaluation of Cr₂O₃ nanoparticles using Daphnia magna and Aliivibrio fischeri.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf. 2016 Jun; 128:36-43.EE

Abstract

Chromium III oxide (Cr2O3) nanoparticles (NPs) are used in pigments for ceramics, dyes, paints and cosmetics. However, few studies addressing the toxic potential of these NPs have been reported in the literature. Thus, this research aimed to evaluate the acute and chronic effects of Cr2O3 NPs through acute toxicity tests with Daphnia magna and Aliivibrio fischeri and chronic toxicity tests with Daphnia magna. Cr2O3 NPs were synthesized by the sol-gel method and characterized through TEM, X-Ray diffraction (XRD), zeta potential (ZP) and surface area analysis. In the acute toxicity tests the EC(50,48h) value obtained with D. magna was 6.79 mg L(-1) and for A. fischeri the EC(50,15min) value was 16.10 mg L(-1) and the EC(50,30min) value was 12.91 mg L(-1). Regarding the chronic toxicity tests with D. magna, effects on longevity (OEC=1.00 mg L(-1)), reproduction (OEC=1.00 mg L(-1)) and growth (OEC=0.50 mg L(-1)) were observed. On the SEM and TEM images, ultrastructural alterations in the organelles of exposed organisms were also observed. Thus, toxicological studies with NPs are of great importance in order to reduce the risk of environmental contamination.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Laboratório de Toxicologia Ambiental, LABTOX, Departamento de Engenharia Sanitária e Ambiental, Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Campus Universitário, CEP: 88040-970 Florianópolis, SC, Brasil.Laboratório de Toxicologia Ambiental, LABTOX, Departamento de Engenharia Sanitária e Ambiental, Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Campus Universitário, CEP: 88040-970 Florianópolis, SC, Brasil.Laboratório de Toxicologia Ambiental, LABTOX, Departamento de Engenharia Sanitária e Ambiental, Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Campus Universitário, CEP: 88040-970 Florianópolis, SC, Brasil.Laboratório de Toxicologia Ambiental, LABTOX, Departamento de Engenharia Sanitária e Ambiental, Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Campus Universitário, CEP: 88040-970 Florianópolis, SC, Brasil; Universidade Federal da Fronteira Sul, Campus Erechim, CEP: 99700-970, Erechim - RS, Brasil.Laboratório de Toxicologia Ambiental, LABTOX, Departamento de Engenharia Sanitária e Ambiental, Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Campus Universitário, CEP: 88040-970 Florianópolis, SC, Brasil; Centro de Estudos do Mar, Universidade Federal do Paraná, CEP: 83255-976, Pontal do Paraná, PR, Brasil.Departamento de Biologia Celular, Embriologia e Genética, Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Campus Universitário, CEP: 88049-900, Florianópolis, SC, Brasil.Departamento de Biologia Celular, Embriologia e Genética, Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Campus Universitário, CEP: 88049-900, Florianópolis, SC, Brasil.Laboratório de Toxicologia Ambiental, LABTOX, Departamento de Engenharia Sanitária e Ambiental, Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Campus Universitário, CEP: 88040-970 Florianópolis, SC, Brasil. Electronic address: william.g.matias@ufsc.br.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

26890188

Citation

Puerari, Rodrigo Costa, et al. "Synthesis, Characterization and Toxicological Evaluation of Cr₂O₃ Nanoparticles Using Daphnia Magna and Aliivibrio Fischeri." Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, vol. 128, 2016, pp. 36-43.
Puerari RC, da Costa CH, Vicentini DS, et al. Synthesis, characterization and toxicological evaluation of Cr₂O₃ nanoparticles using Daphnia magna and Aliivibrio fischeri. Ecotoxicol Environ Saf. 2016;128:36-43.
Puerari, R. C., da Costa, C. H., Vicentini, D. S., Fuzinatto, C. F., Melegari, S. P., Schmidt, É. C., Bouzon, Z. L., & Matias, W. G. (2016). Synthesis, characterization and toxicological evaluation of Cr₂O₃ nanoparticles using Daphnia magna and Aliivibrio fischeri. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, 128, 36-43. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoenv.2016.02.011
Puerari RC, et al. Synthesis, Characterization and Toxicological Evaluation of Cr₂O₃ Nanoparticles Using Daphnia Magna and Aliivibrio Fischeri. Ecotoxicol Environ Saf. 2016;128:36-43. PubMed PMID: 26890188.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Synthesis, characterization and toxicological evaluation of Cr₂O₃ nanoparticles using Daphnia magna and Aliivibrio fischeri. AU - Puerari,Rodrigo Costa, AU - da Costa,Cristina H, AU - Vicentini,Denice S, AU - Fuzinatto,Cristiane F, AU - Melegari,Silvia P, AU - Schmidt,Éder C, AU - Bouzon,Zenilda L, AU - Matias,William G, Y1 - 2016/02/15/ PY - 2015/11/18/received PY - 2016/02/05/revised PY - 2016/02/08/accepted PY - 2016/2/19/entrez PY - 2016/2/19/pubmed PY - 2016/11/3/medline KW - Aliivibrio fischeri KW - Aquatic toxicology KW - Chromium (III) oxide nanoparticle KW - Chronic toxicity KW - Daphnia magna SP - 36 EP - 43 JF - Ecotoxicology and environmental safety JO - Ecotoxicol Environ Saf VL - 128 N2 - Chromium III oxide (Cr2O3) nanoparticles (NPs) are used in pigments for ceramics, dyes, paints and cosmetics. However, few studies addressing the toxic potential of these NPs have been reported in the literature. Thus, this research aimed to evaluate the acute and chronic effects of Cr2O3 NPs through acute toxicity tests with Daphnia magna and Aliivibrio fischeri and chronic toxicity tests with Daphnia magna. Cr2O3 NPs were synthesized by the sol-gel method and characterized through TEM, X-Ray diffraction (XRD), zeta potential (ZP) and surface area analysis. In the acute toxicity tests the EC(50,48h) value obtained with D. magna was 6.79 mg L(-1) and for A. fischeri the EC(50,15min) value was 16.10 mg L(-1) and the EC(50,30min) value was 12.91 mg L(-1). Regarding the chronic toxicity tests with D. magna, effects on longevity (OEC=1.00 mg L(-1)), reproduction (OEC=1.00 mg L(-1)) and growth (OEC=0.50 mg L(-1)) were observed. On the SEM and TEM images, ultrastructural alterations in the organelles of exposed organisms were also observed. Thus, toxicological studies with NPs are of great importance in order to reduce the risk of environmental contamination. SN - 1090-2414 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/26890188/Synthesis_characterization_and_toxicological_evaluation_of_Cr₂O₃_nanoparticles_using_Daphnia_magna_and_Aliivibrio_fischeri_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0147-6513(16)30042-2 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -