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The role of low acid load in vegetarian diet on bone health: a narrative review.
Swiss Med Wkly. 2016; 146:w14277.SM

Abstract

Vegetarian and vegan diets contain low amounts of protein and calcium. For this reason they are supposed to cause low bone mineral density (BMD) and osteoporosis. But this is not the case, except for vegans with a particularly low calcium intake. The absence of osteoporosis or low BMD can be explained by the low acid load of these diets. Nutritional acid load is negatively correlated with bone mineral density (BMD) and positively with fracture risk. Low acid load is correlated with lower bone resorption and higher BMD. It is linked to high intake of potassium-rich nutrients, such as fruits and vegetables, as found in vegetarian diets. The total nutritional acid load, which not only depends on the potassium content of the nutrition, was recently assessed in several studies on vegetarian and vegan diets and was found to be very low or absent, while the diet of Western-style omnivores produces daily 50 to 70 mEq of acid. This might be an important factor for the protection of vegetarians from osteoporosis.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Hirslanden Bois Cerf, Lausanne, Switzerland.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

26900949

Citation

Burckhardt, Peter. "The Role of Low Acid Load in Vegetarian Diet On Bone Health: a Narrative Review." Swiss Medical Weekly, vol. 146, 2016, pp. w14277.
Burckhardt P. The role of low acid load in vegetarian diet on bone health: a narrative review. Swiss Med Wkly. 2016;146:w14277.
Burckhardt, P. (2016). The role of low acid load in vegetarian diet on bone health: a narrative review. Swiss Medical Weekly, 146, w14277. https://doi.org/10.4414/smw.2016.14277
Burckhardt P. The Role of Low Acid Load in Vegetarian Diet On Bone Health: a Narrative Review. Swiss Med Wkly. 2016;146:w14277. PubMed PMID: 26900949.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The role of low acid load in vegetarian diet on bone health: a narrative review. A1 - Burckhardt,Peter, Y1 - 2016/02/22/ PY - 2016/2/23/entrez PY - 2016/2/24/pubmed PY - 2016/10/13/medline SP - w14277 EP - w14277 JF - Swiss medical weekly JO - Swiss Med Wkly VL - 146 N2 - Vegetarian and vegan diets contain low amounts of protein and calcium. For this reason they are supposed to cause low bone mineral density (BMD) and osteoporosis. But this is not the case, except for vegans with a particularly low calcium intake. The absence of osteoporosis or low BMD can be explained by the low acid load of these diets. Nutritional acid load is negatively correlated with bone mineral density (BMD) and positively with fracture risk. Low acid load is correlated with lower bone resorption and higher BMD. It is linked to high intake of potassium-rich nutrients, such as fruits and vegetables, as found in vegetarian diets. The total nutritional acid load, which not only depends on the potassium content of the nutrition, was recently assessed in several studies on vegetarian and vegan diets and was found to be very low or absent, while the diet of Western-style omnivores produces daily 50 to 70 mEq of acid. This might be an important factor for the protection of vegetarians from osteoporosis. SN - 1424-3997 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/26900949/The_role_of_low_acid_load_in_vegetarian_diet_on_bone_health:_a_narrative_review_ L2 - https://doi.emh.ch/10.4414/smw.2016.14277 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -