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Maternal physiological dysregulation while parenting poses risk for infant attachment disorganization and behavior problems.
Dev Psychopathol. 2017 02; 29(1):245-257.DP

Abstract

The extent to which indices of maternal physiological arousal (skin conductance augmentation) and regulation (vagal withdrawal) while parenting predict infant attachment disorganization and behavior problems directly or indirectly via maternal sensitivity was examined in a sample of 259 mothers and their infants. Two covariates, maternal self-reported emotional risk and Adult Attachment Interview attachment coherence were assessed prenatally. Mothers' physiological arousal and regulation were measured during parenting tasks when infants were 6 months old. Maternal sensitivity was observed during distress-eliciting tasks when infants were 6 and 14 months old, and an average sensitivity score was calculated. Attachment disorganization was observed during the Strange Situation when infants were 14 months old, and mothers reported on infants' behavior problems when infants were 27 months old. Over and above covariates, mothers' arousal and regulation while parenting interacted to predict infant attachment disorganization and behavior problems such that maternal arousal was associated with higher attachment disorganization and behavior problems when maternal regulation was low but not when maternal regulation was high. This effect was direct and not explained by maternal sensitivity. The results suggest that maternal physiological dysregulation while parenting places infants at risk for psychopathology.

Authors+Show Affiliations

University of North Carolina at Greensboro.University of North Carolina at Greensboro.University of North Carolina at Greensboro.University of North Carolina at Greensboro.University of North Carolina at Greensboro.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

26902983

Citation

Leerkes, Esther M., et al. "Maternal Physiological Dysregulation While Parenting Poses Risk for Infant Attachment Disorganization and Behavior Problems." Development and Psychopathology, vol. 29, no. 1, 2017, pp. 245-257.
Leerkes EM, Su J, Calkins SD, et al. Maternal physiological dysregulation while parenting poses risk for infant attachment disorganization and behavior problems. Dev Psychopathol. 2017;29(1):245-257.
Leerkes, E. M., Su, J., Calkins, S. D., O'Brien, M., & Supple, A. J. (2017). Maternal physiological dysregulation while parenting poses risk for infant attachment disorganization and behavior problems. Development and Psychopathology, 29(1), 245-257. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0954579416000122
Leerkes EM, et al. Maternal Physiological Dysregulation While Parenting Poses Risk for Infant Attachment Disorganization and Behavior Problems. Dev Psychopathol. 2017;29(1):245-257. PubMed PMID: 26902983.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Maternal physiological dysregulation while parenting poses risk for infant attachment disorganization and behavior problems. AU - Leerkes,Esther M, AU - Su,Jinni, AU - Calkins,Susan D, AU - O'Brien,Marion, AU - Supple,Andrew J, Y1 - 2016/02/23/ PY - 2016/2/24/pubmed PY - 2017/7/25/medline PY - 2016/2/24/entrez SP - 245 EP - 257 JF - Development and psychopathology JO - Dev. Psychopathol. VL - 29 IS - 1 N2 - The extent to which indices of maternal physiological arousal (skin conductance augmentation) and regulation (vagal withdrawal) while parenting predict infant attachment disorganization and behavior problems directly or indirectly via maternal sensitivity was examined in a sample of 259 mothers and their infants. Two covariates, maternal self-reported emotional risk and Adult Attachment Interview attachment coherence were assessed prenatally. Mothers' physiological arousal and regulation were measured during parenting tasks when infants were 6 months old. Maternal sensitivity was observed during distress-eliciting tasks when infants were 6 and 14 months old, and an average sensitivity score was calculated. Attachment disorganization was observed during the Strange Situation when infants were 14 months old, and mothers reported on infants' behavior problems when infants were 27 months old. Over and above covariates, mothers' arousal and regulation while parenting interacted to predict infant attachment disorganization and behavior problems such that maternal arousal was associated with higher attachment disorganization and behavior problems when maternal regulation was low but not when maternal regulation was high. This effect was direct and not explained by maternal sensitivity. The results suggest that maternal physiological dysregulation while parenting places infants at risk for psychopathology. SN - 1469-2198 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/26902983/Maternal_physiological_dysregulation_while_parenting_poses_risk_for_infant_attachment_disorganization_and_behavior_problems_ L2 - https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S0954579416000122/type/journal_article DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -