Nitrogen-doped graphene-chitosan matrix based efficient chemiluminescent immunosensor for detection of chicken interleukin-4.Biosens Bioelectron. 2017 Mar 15; 89(Pt 1):558-564.BB
Chicken interleukin-4 (ChIL-4), which is released by activated type 2 helper (Th2) cells following their stimulation in vitro, is an important indicator for the study of cell-mediated immunity in chickens after infection or vaccination. In this work, the first ChIL-4 chemiluminescent (CL) immunosensor was developed via the immobilization of monoclonal ChIL-4 antibodies on a nitrogen-doped graphene (NG)-chitosan nanocomposite matrix. NG nanosheets were used for the first time in the CL immunoassay to provide a biocompatible microenvironment for the immobilized capture antibody. The ChIL-4 immunosensor was characterized systematically. The proposed immunosensor displayed a wide linear range from 0.05 to 70ngmL-1 and a low detection limit of 0.02ngmL-1 at a signal-to-noise ratio of 3. Compared to traditional assay methods, this system was more flexible, simple, rapid, and sensitive. Moreover, this CL immunoassay system had an excellent detection and fabrication reproducibility, a high specificity, an acceptable accuracy, and a high stability. This work enables the specific detection of ChIL-4 and the further study of its role in the immune responses of poultry.