A Prospective Study to Evaluate Vaginal Insertion and Intra-Cesarean Insertion of Post-Partum Intrauterine Contraceptive Device.J Obstet Gynaecol India 2016; 66(1):35-41JO
Evaluation and comparison of safety and efficacy of vaginal and intra-cesarean insertion of Post-Partum Intrauterine Contraceptive device (PPIUCD).
An interventional prospective study conducted in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology at NRS Medical College, Kolkata. PPIUCD were inserted in 263 mothers in 1-year study period. Among them, first 100 mothers who delivered vaginally and the first 100 who underwent cesarean section were regarded as study groups and were followed up for 1 year.
Both modes of PPIUCD insertion were found to have very low rates of expulsion, vaginal bleeding, infection, missing strings, and also effective as contraceptive. Expulsion rate was 4 % in the vaginal group and 2 % in intra-cesarean group. Strings of PPIUCD were less visible after cesarean insertion than vaginal insertion (p = 0.028).
PPIUCD is an appealing approach and may become the best choice as post-partum contraception after vaginal as well as cesarean delivery.