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Comparative study of dental anomalies assessed with panoramic radiographs of Down syndrome and non-Down syndrome patients.
Eur J Paediatr Dent. 2016 Mar; 17(1):65-9.EJ

Abstract

AIM

The aim of this study was to compare the prevalence of dental anomalies from panoramic radiographs of age-matched individuals with and without Down Syndrome (DS).

STUDY DESIGN

This is a retrospective cross-sectional study. A group of 41 patients (19 female and 22 male) with Down Syndrome (DS), mean age 10.6 ± 1.4 and a control group of 42 non- DS patients (26 female and 16 male), mean age 11.1 ± 1.3 were studied.

METHODS

This study examined the medical history and a panoramic radiograph of each patient. The dental anomalies studied were agenesis of permanent teeth (except third molars), size and shape maxillary lateral anomalies and maxillary canine eruption path anomalies.

STATISTICS

The groups were compared using Mann-Whitney and Wilcoxon non-parametric tests (p<0.05). Rho Spearman correlation coefficient was applied for associations. Results Agenesis of one permanent tooth was found in 73.17% of DS subjects and two or more permanent teeth in more than 50% (p<0.001). Maxillary lateral incisor was the most frequently absent tooth followed by mandibular second premolar, mandibular lateral incisor, maxillary second premolar and mandibular central incisor. No significant differences were detected between maxilla and mandible on either side. No differences in gender were observed. Significant differences were found for size and shape anomalies of maxillary lateral incisors, as well as for canine eruption anomalies (p<0.05). No gender differences were observed for either variable. No association was found between these two variables in the DS group.

CONCLUSIONS

More dental anomalies were present in the DS group than in the control group, which implied that DS patients need periodical dental and orthodontic supervision so as to prevent or control subsequent oral problems.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Associate professor, Department of Orthodontics, School of Dentistry, Universitat Internacional de Catalunya, Sant Cugat del Vallés, Barcelona, Spain.Statistics Consultant, Department of Orthodontics, School of Dentistry, Universitat Internacional de Catalunya, Sant Cugat del Vallés, Barcelona, Spain.Associate Professor and Department Chair, Department of Orthodontics, School of Dentistry, Universitat Internacional de Catalunya, Sant Cugat del Vallés, Barcelona, Spain.

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

26949243

Citation

Mayoral-Trias, M A., et al. "Comparative Study of Dental Anomalies Assessed With Panoramic Radiographs of Down Syndrome and non-Down Syndrome Patients." European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry, vol. 17, no. 1, 2016, pp. 65-9.
Mayoral-Trias MA, Llopis-Perez J, Puigdollers Pérez A. Comparative study of dental anomalies assessed with panoramic radiographs of Down syndrome and non-Down syndrome patients. Eur J Paediatr Dent. 2016;17(1):65-9.
Mayoral-Trias, M. A., Llopis-Perez, J., & Puigdollers Pérez, A. (2016). Comparative study of dental anomalies assessed with panoramic radiographs of Down syndrome and non-Down syndrome patients. European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry, 17(1), 65-9.
Mayoral-Trias MA, Llopis-Perez J, Puigdollers Pérez A. Comparative Study of Dental Anomalies Assessed With Panoramic Radiographs of Down Syndrome and non-Down Syndrome Patients. Eur J Paediatr Dent. 2016;17(1):65-9. PubMed PMID: 26949243.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Comparative study of dental anomalies assessed with panoramic radiographs of Down syndrome and non-Down syndrome patients. AU - Mayoral-Trias,M A, AU - Llopis-Perez,J, AU - Puigdollers Pérez,A, PY - 2016/3/8/entrez PY - 2016/3/8/pubmed PY - 2016/6/24/medline SP - 65 EP - 9 JF - European journal of paediatric dentistry JO - Eur J Paediatr Dent VL - 17 IS - 1 N2 - AIM: The aim of this study was to compare the prevalence of dental anomalies from panoramic radiographs of age-matched individuals with and without Down Syndrome (DS). STUDY DESIGN: This is a retrospective cross-sectional study. A group of 41 patients (19 female and 22 male) with Down Syndrome (DS), mean age 10.6 ± 1.4 and a control group of 42 non- DS patients (26 female and 16 male), mean age 11.1 ± 1.3 were studied. METHODS: This study examined the medical history and a panoramic radiograph of each patient. The dental anomalies studied were agenesis of permanent teeth (except third molars), size and shape maxillary lateral anomalies and maxillary canine eruption path anomalies. STATISTICS: The groups were compared using Mann-Whitney and Wilcoxon non-parametric tests (p<0.05). Rho Spearman correlation coefficient was applied for associations. Results Agenesis of one permanent tooth was found in 73.17% of DS subjects and two or more permanent teeth in more than 50% (p<0.001). Maxillary lateral incisor was the most frequently absent tooth followed by mandibular second premolar, mandibular lateral incisor, maxillary second premolar and mandibular central incisor. No significant differences were detected between maxilla and mandible on either side. No differences in gender were observed. Significant differences were found for size and shape anomalies of maxillary lateral incisors, as well as for canine eruption anomalies (p<0.05). No gender differences were observed for either variable. No association was found between these two variables in the DS group. CONCLUSIONS: More dental anomalies were present in the DS group than in the control group, which implied that DS patients need periodical dental and orthodontic supervision so as to prevent or control subsequent oral problems. SN - 1591-996X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/26949243/Comparative_study_of_dental_anomalies_assessed_with_panoramic_radiographs_of_Down_syndrome_and_non_Down_syndrome_patients_ L2 - http://www.diseaseinfosearch.org/result/2327 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -