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Prevalence and aetiology of Molar-Incisor Hypomineralisation among children aged 8-10 years in Tirana, Albania.
Eur J Paediatr Dent. 2016 Mar; 17(1):75-9.EJ

Abstract

AIM

Molar incisor hypomineralisation (MIH) describes the clinical appearance of enamel hypomineralisation of systemic origin affecting one or more permanent first molars (PFMs) that are frequently associated with affected incisors. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence and aetiology of MIH in children living in Tirana, Albania.

DESIGN

The study was conducted at the Department of Paediatric and Preventive Dentistry, Faculty of Dental Medicine, and Tirana Dental Public Health Service. A total of 1,575 school children aged 8-10 years were examined by 7 calibrated examiners (dentists) (kappa: 0.86). The Weerheijm criteria were used for the diagnosis of demarcated opacities, post-eruption breakdown, atypical restorations, and extracted PFMs due to MIH.

RESULTS

Prevalence of MIH was found to be 14% (n=227). In the 227 children with MIH, tooth 36 was the most affected PFM, and tooth 46 the least affected. Tooth 21 was the most affected incisor and tooth 32 the least affected incisor by MIH. MIH(+) children had significanly more childhood diseases in the first 3 years of life (p=0.006). Among the children who used antibiotics, MIH(+) cases were 1.41 (1.06-1.87) times higher than in children who did not usedantibiotics, MIH(-) cases.

CONCLUSION

MIH was found to be common among 8-10 year-old Tirana children.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Faculty of Dental Medicine, University of Medicine of Tirana, Albania.Private Practice, Paediatric Dentistry, Tirana, Albania.Faculty of Dental Medicine, University of Medicine of Tirana, Albania.Faculty of Dental Medicine, University of Medicine of Tirana, Albania.Faculty of Dental Medicine, University of Medicine of Tirana, Albania.Private Practice, Paediatric Dentistry, Istanbul, Turkey.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

26949245

Citation

Hysi, D, et al. "Prevalence and Aetiology of Molar-Incisor Hypomineralisation Among Children Aged 8-10 Years in Tirana, Albania." European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry, vol. 17, no. 1, 2016, pp. 75-9.
Hysi D, Kuscu OO, Droboniku E, et al. Prevalence and aetiology of Molar-Incisor Hypomineralisation among children aged 8-10 years in Tirana, Albania. Eur J Paediatr Dent. 2016;17(1):75-9.
Hysi, D., Kuscu, O. O., Droboniku, E., Toti, C., Xhemnica, L., & Caglar, E. (2016). Prevalence and aetiology of Molar-Incisor Hypomineralisation among children aged 8-10 years in Tirana, Albania. European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry, 17(1), 75-9.
Hysi D, et al. Prevalence and Aetiology of Molar-Incisor Hypomineralisation Among Children Aged 8-10 Years in Tirana, Albania. Eur J Paediatr Dent. 2016;17(1):75-9. PubMed PMID: 26949245.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Prevalence and aetiology of Molar-Incisor Hypomineralisation among children aged 8-10 years in Tirana, Albania. AU - Hysi,D, AU - Kuscu,O O, AU - Droboniku,E, AU - Toti,C, AU - Xhemnica,L, AU - Caglar,E, PY - 2016/3/8/entrez PY - 2016/3/8/pubmed PY - 2016/6/24/medline SP - 75 EP - 9 JF - European journal of paediatric dentistry JO - Eur J Paediatr Dent VL - 17 IS - 1 N2 - AIM: Molar incisor hypomineralisation (MIH) describes the clinical appearance of enamel hypomineralisation of systemic origin affecting one or more permanent first molars (PFMs) that are frequently associated with affected incisors. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence and aetiology of MIH in children living in Tirana, Albania. DESIGN: The study was conducted at the Department of Paediatric and Preventive Dentistry, Faculty of Dental Medicine, and Tirana Dental Public Health Service. A total of 1,575 school children aged 8-10 years were examined by 7 calibrated examiners (dentists) (kappa: 0.86). The Weerheijm criteria were used for the diagnosis of demarcated opacities, post-eruption breakdown, atypical restorations, and extracted PFMs due to MIH. RESULTS: Prevalence of MIH was found to be 14% (n=227). In the 227 children with MIH, tooth 36 was the most affected PFM, and tooth 46 the least affected. Tooth 21 was the most affected incisor and tooth 32 the least affected incisor by MIH. MIH(+) children had significanly more childhood diseases in the first 3 years of life (p=0.006). Among the children who used antibiotics, MIH(+) cases were 1.41 (1.06-1.87) times higher than in children who did not usedantibiotics, MIH(-) cases. CONCLUSION: MIH was found to be common among 8-10 year-old Tirana children. SN - 1591-996X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/26949245/Prevalence_and_aetiology_of_Molar_Incisor_Hypomineralisation_among_children_aged_8_10_years_in_Tirana_Albania_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -