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Attitudes Towards the Mentally Ill: A Study with Health Workers at a University Hospital in Rio de Janeiro.
Psychiatr Q. 2017 03; 88(1):25-38.PQ

Abstract

As there are few studies about evaluation of attitudes of health care workers to people with mental disorders in Brazil, a cross-sectional study was carried out to assess the health professionals' attitudes working in a university hospital in Rio de Janeiro and also examine the proportion of negative and positive attitudes endorsed by healthcare professionals in Brazil towards people with mental illness in comparison with other parts of the world. Data were collected using the Community Attitudes towards the Mentally Ill (CAMI) in a random sampling frame of health professionals (n = 246) working in a University Hospital in Rio de Janeiro between April 2013 and June 2013. The CAMI consists of four sub-scales: Authoritarianism, Benevolence, Social Restrictiveness and Community Mental Health Ideology. The results showed attitudes that range from neutral to positive, with the Benevolence and Social Restrictiveness sub-scales showing the least stigmatizing results. The following individual characteristics were associated with negative attitudes: lower levels of education and less clinical experience. In general, health workers attitudes towards service users are characterized as positive when compared with other international studies. However, educational programs for health workers should be reinforced to further promote pre-existing positive attitudes towards people with mental health and the implementation of Brazilian Mental Health Policies.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Studies Center of the Municipal Institute of Health Care Juliano Moreira (CE/IMASJM), Estrada Rodrigues Caldas, 3400/3rd Floor, Rio de Janeiro, CEP 22.713-375, Brazil. sylvia.goncalves98@gmail.com.Institute of Studies in Collective Health (IESC), Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ), Avenida Horácio Macedo, S/N - Ilha do Fundão - Cidade Universitária, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, CEP 21941-598, Brazil.Institute of Studies in Collective Health (IESC), Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ), Avenida Horácio Macedo, S/N - Ilha do Fundão - Cidade Universitária, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, CEP 21941-598, Brazil.Institute of Studies in Collective Health (IESC), Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ), Avenida Horácio Macedo, S/N - Ilha do Fundão - Cidade Universitária, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, CEP 21941-598, Brazil.School of Public Health, Columbia University, 14, 722 West 168th Street, New York, NY, 10032, USA.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

26951160

Citation

Siqueira, Sylvia Rosa Gonçalves, et al. "Attitudes Towards the Mentally Ill: a Study With Health Workers at a University Hospital in Rio De Janeiro." The Psychiatric Quarterly, vol. 88, no. 1, 2017, pp. 25-38.
Siqueira SR, Abelha L, Lovisi GM, et al. Attitudes Towards the Mentally Ill: A Study with Health Workers at a University Hospital in Rio de Janeiro. Psychiatr Q. 2017;88(1):25-38.
Siqueira, S. R., Abelha, L., Lovisi, G. M., Sarução, K. R., & Yang, L. (2017). Attitudes Towards the Mentally Ill: A Study with Health Workers at a University Hospital in Rio de Janeiro. The Psychiatric Quarterly, 88(1), 25-38. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11126-016-9431-5
Siqueira SR, et al. Attitudes Towards the Mentally Ill: a Study With Health Workers at a University Hospital in Rio De Janeiro. Psychiatr Q. 2017;88(1):25-38. PubMed PMID: 26951160.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Attitudes Towards the Mentally Ill: A Study with Health Workers at a University Hospital in Rio de Janeiro. AU - Siqueira,Sylvia Rosa Gonçalves, AU - Abelha,Lúcia, AU - Lovisi,Giovanni Marcos, AU - Sarução,Keli Rodrigues, AU - Yang,Lawrence, PY - 2016/3/10/pubmed PY - 2017/7/15/medline PY - 2016/3/9/entrez KW - Attitudes of health workers KW - Severe mental disorders KW - Social stigma SP - 25 EP - 38 JF - The Psychiatric quarterly JO - Psychiatr Q VL - 88 IS - 1 N2 - As there are few studies about evaluation of attitudes of health care workers to people with mental disorders in Brazil, a cross-sectional study was carried out to assess the health professionals' attitudes working in a university hospital in Rio de Janeiro and also examine the proportion of negative and positive attitudes endorsed by healthcare professionals in Brazil towards people with mental illness in comparison with other parts of the world. Data were collected using the Community Attitudes towards the Mentally Ill (CAMI) in a random sampling frame of health professionals (n = 246) working in a University Hospital in Rio de Janeiro between April 2013 and June 2013. The CAMI consists of four sub-scales: Authoritarianism, Benevolence, Social Restrictiveness and Community Mental Health Ideology. The results showed attitudes that range from neutral to positive, with the Benevolence and Social Restrictiveness sub-scales showing the least stigmatizing results. The following individual characteristics were associated with negative attitudes: lower levels of education and less clinical experience. In general, health workers attitudes towards service users are characterized as positive when compared with other international studies. However, educational programs for health workers should be reinforced to further promote pre-existing positive attitudes towards people with mental health and the implementation of Brazilian Mental Health Policies. SN - 1573-6709 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/26951160/Attitudes_Towards_the_Mentally_Ill:_A_Study_with_Health_Workers_at_a_University_Hospital_in_Rio_de_Janeiro_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1007/s11126-016-9431-5 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -