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Unilobar Versus Bilobar Biliary Drainage: Effect on Quality of Life and Bilirubin Level Reduction.
Indian J Palliat Care. 2016 Jan-Mar; 22(1):50-62.IJ

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Percutaneous biliary drainage is an accepted palliative treatment for malignant biliary obstruction.

PURPOSE

To assess the effect on quality of life (QOL) and bilirubin level reduction in patients with inoperable malignant biliary obstruction treated by unilobar or bilobar percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage (PTBD).

MATERIALS AND METHODS

Over a period of 2 years, 49 patients (age range, 22-75 years) of inoperable malignant biliary obstruction were treated by PTBD. Technical and clinical success rates, QOL, patency rates, survival rates, and complications were recorded. Clinical success rates, QOL, and bilirubin reduction were compared in patients treated with complete (n = 21) versus partial (n = 28) liver parenchyma drainage. QOL before and 1 month after biliary drainage were analyzed retrospectively between these two groups.

RESULTS

Biliary drainage was successful in all 49 patients, with an overall significant reduction of the postintervention bilirubin levels (P < 0.001) resulting in overall clinical success rate of 89.97%. Clinical success rates were similar in patients treated with whole-liver drainage versus partial-liver drainage. Mean serum bilirubin level before PTBD was 19.85 mg/dl and after the procedure at 1 month was 6.02 mg/dl. The mean baseline functional score was 39.35, symptom scale score was 59.55, and global health score was 27.45. At 1 month, mean functional score was 61.25, symptom scale score was 36.0 4, and global health score was 56.33, with overall significant improvement in QOL (<0.001). There was a statistically significant difference in the improvement of the QOL scores (P = 0.002), among patients who achieved clinical success, compared with those patients who did not achieve clinical success at 1 month. We did not find any significant difference in the QOL scores in patients according to the amount of liver drained (unilateral or bilateral drainage), the type of internalization used (ring biliary or stent). Overall, minor and major complications rates were 14.3% and 8.1%, respectively.

CONCLUSION

Percutaneous biliary drainage provides good palliation of malignant obstructive jaundice. Partial-liver drainage achieved results as good as those after complete liver drainage with significant improvements in QOL and reduction of the bilirubin level.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Radiodiagnosis, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.Department of Radiodiagnosis, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.Department of Radiodiagnosis, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.Department of Radiodiagnosis, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.Department of Gastroenterology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

26962281

Citation

Gamanagatti, Shivanand, et al. "Unilobar Versus Bilobar Biliary Drainage: Effect On Quality of Life and Bilirubin Level Reduction." Indian Journal of Palliative Care, vol. 22, no. 1, 2016, pp. 50-62.
Gamanagatti S, Singh T, Sharma R, et al. Unilobar Versus Bilobar Biliary Drainage: Effect on Quality of Life and Bilirubin Level Reduction. Indian J Palliat Care. 2016;22(1):50-62.
Gamanagatti, S., Singh, T., Sharma, R., Srivastava, D. N., Dash, N. R., & Garg, P. K. (2016). Unilobar Versus Bilobar Biliary Drainage: Effect on Quality of Life and Bilirubin Level Reduction. Indian Journal of Palliative Care, 22(1), 50-62. https://doi.org/10.4103/0973-1075.173958
Gamanagatti S, et al. Unilobar Versus Bilobar Biliary Drainage: Effect On Quality of Life and Bilirubin Level Reduction. Indian J Palliat Care. 2016 Jan-Mar;22(1):50-62. PubMed PMID: 26962281.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Unilobar Versus Bilobar Biliary Drainage: Effect on Quality of Life and Bilirubin Level Reduction. AU - Gamanagatti,Shivanand, AU - Singh,Tejbir, AU - Sharma,Raju, AU - Srivastava,Deep N, AU - Dash,Nihar Ranjan, AU - Garg,Pramod Kumar, PY - 2016/3/11/entrez PY - 2016/3/11/pubmed PY - 2016/3/11/medline KW - Biliary drainage KW - Bilirubin KW - Malignant biliary obstruction KW - Quality of life KW - Survival SP - 50 EP - 62 JF - Indian journal of palliative care JO - Indian J Palliat Care VL - 22 IS - 1 N2 - BACKGROUND: Percutaneous biliary drainage is an accepted palliative treatment for malignant biliary obstruction. PURPOSE: To assess the effect on quality of life (QOL) and bilirubin level reduction in patients with inoperable malignant biliary obstruction treated by unilobar or bilobar percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage (PTBD). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Over a period of 2 years, 49 patients (age range, 22-75 years) of inoperable malignant biliary obstruction were treated by PTBD. Technical and clinical success rates, QOL, patency rates, survival rates, and complications were recorded. Clinical success rates, QOL, and bilirubin reduction were compared in patients treated with complete (n = 21) versus partial (n = 28) liver parenchyma drainage. QOL before and 1 month after biliary drainage were analyzed retrospectively between these two groups. RESULTS: Biliary drainage was successful in all 49 patients, with an overall significant reduction of the postintervention bilirubin levels (P < 0.001) resulting in overall clinical success rate of 89.97%. Clinical success rates were similar in patients treated with whole-liver drainage versus partial-liver drainage. Mean serum bilirubin level before PTBD was 19.85 mg/dl and after the procedure at 1 month was 6.02 mg/dl. The mean baseline functional score was 39.35, symptom scale score was 59.55, and global health score was 27.45. At 1 month, mean functional score was 61.25, symptom scale score was 36.0 4, and global health score was 56.33, with overall significant improvement in QOL (<0.001). There was a statistically significant difference in the improvement of the QOL scores (P = 0.002), among patients who achieved clinical success, compared with those patients who did not achieve clinical success at 1 month. We did not find any significant difference in the QOL scores in patients according to the amount of liver drained (unilateral or bilateral drainage), the type of internalization used (ring biliary or stent). Overall, minor and major complications rates were 14.3% and 8.1%, respectively. CONCLUSION: Percutaneous biliary drainage provides good palliation of malignant obstructive jaundice. Partial-liver drainage achieved results as good as those after complete liver drainage with significant improvements in QOL and reduction of the bilirubin level. SN - 0973-1075 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/26962281/Unilobar_Versus_Bilobar_Biliary_Drainage:_Effect_on_Quality_of_Life_and_Bilirubin_Level_Reduction_ L2 - http://www.jpalliativecare.com/article.asp?issn=0973-1075;year=2016;volume=22;issue=1;spage=50;epage=62;aulast=Gamanagatti DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -
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