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Insights into the Freiburg Anatomical Institute during National Socialism, 1933-1945.
Ann Anat. 2016 May; 205:90-102.AA

Abstract

The Anatomical Institute at the Albert-Ludwigs-Universität Freiburg is among the anatomical departments for which a comprehensive account of its history during National Socialism (NS) is still missing. Previous investigations (such as in: Grün et al., 2002) have revealed the political activities of some anatomists, but, in the absence of relevant body-registers, a more comprehensive examination of the anatomical body procurement has not been attempted. The inspection of records in university and municipal archives allows insight into the activities in the institute within the historical context. The Freiburg Institute shared the experience of the impact of NS politics with other German anatomies. Four anatomists were dismissed because of NS racial discrimination, and chairman von Möllendorf left for political reasons. His successor Nauck's appointment was politically motivated, as he was a staunch Nazi. His colleagues were also members of NS political organizations. Body procurement was controversial between the public and the anatomists in Freiburg prior to and following the Third Reich, and much of the anatomists' efforts focused on the improvement of the body supply. In 1935, and, again during the war, the number of bodies was sufficient for anatomical education. Among the traditional sources of body procurement were increasing numbers of NS victims. Forty-four of them can be identified, among them 21 forced laborers and their children who died of so-called natural causes, and 22 men who had been executed at Stuttgart prison on April 6, 1943. While the victims' names have been ascertained, their biographies still need restoration to ensure an appropriate commemoration.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Boston Children's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA. Electronic address: Sabine.Hildebrandt@childrens.harvard.edu.

Pub Type(s)

Biography
Historical Article
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

26965250

Citation

Hildebrandt, Sabine. "Insights Into the Freiburg Anatomical Institute During National Socialism, 1933-1945." Annals of Anatomy = Anatomischer Anzeiger : Official Organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft, vol. 205, 2016, pp. 90-102.
Hildebrandt S. Insights into the Freiburg Anatomical Institute during National Socialism, 1933-1945. Ann Anat. 2016;205:90-102.
Hildebrandt, S. (2016). Insights into the Freiburg Anatomical Institute during National Socialism, 1933-1945. Annals of Anatomy = Anatomischer Anzeiger : Official Organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft, 205, 90-102. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aanat.2016.01.011
Hildebrandt S. Insights Into the Freiburg Anatomical Institute During National Socialism, 1933-1945. Ann Anat. 2016;205:90-102. PubMed PMID: 26965250.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Insights into the Freiburg Anatomical Institute during National Socialism, 1933-1945. A1 - Hildebrandt,Sabine, Y1 - 2016/03/07/ PY - 2015/07/26/received PY - 2016/01/07/revised PY - 2016/01/26/accepted PY - 2016/3/12/entrez PY - 2016/3/12/pubmed PY - 2017/1/24/medline KW - Body procurement KW - Commemoration KW - Ernst Nauck KW - Freiburg KW - History of anatomy KW - National Socialism KW - Victims SP - 90 EP - 102 JF - Annals of anatomy = Anatomischer Anzeiger : official organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft JO - Ann Anat VL - 205 N2 - The Anatomical Institute at the Albert-Ludwigs-Universität Freiburg is among the anatomical departments for which a comprehensive account of its history during National Socialism (NS) is still missing. Previous investigations (such as in: Grün et al., 2002) have revealed the political activities of some anatomists, but, in the absence of relevant body-registers, a more comprehensive examination of the anatomical body procurement has not been attempted. The inspection of records in university and municipal archives allows insight into the activities in the institute within the historical context. The Freiburg Institute shared the experience of the impact of NS politics with other German anatomies. Four anatomists were dismissed because of NS racial discrimination, and chairman von Möllendorf left for political reasons. His successor Nauck's appointment was politically motivated, as he was a staunch Nazi. His colleagues were also members of NS political organizations. Body procurement was controversial between the public and the anatomists in Freiburg prior to and following the Third Reich, and much of the anatomists' efforts focused on the improvement of the body supply. In 1935, and, again during the war, the number of bodies was sufficient for anatomical education. Among the traditional sources of body procurement were increasing numbers of NS victims. Forty-four of them can be identified, among them 21 forced laborers and their children who died of so-called natural causes, and 22 men who had been executed at Stuttgart prison on April 6, 1943. While the victims' names have been ascertained, their biographies still need restoration to ensure an appropriate commemoration. SN - 1618-0402 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/26965250/Insights_into_the_Freiburg_Anatomical_Institute_during_National_Socialism_1933_1945_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0940-9602(16)30025-5 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -