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Impact of Altitudes and Habitats on Valerenic Acid, Total Phenolics, Flavonoids, Tannins, and Antioxidant Activity of Valeriana jatamansi.
Appl Biochem Biotechnol. 2016 Jul; 179(6):911-26.AB

Abstract

The changes in total phenolics, flavonoids, tannins, valerenic acid, and antioxidant activity were assessed in 25 populations of Valeriana jatamansi sampled from 1200 to 2775 m asl and four habitat types of Uttarakhand, West Himalaya. Significant (p < 0.05) variations in total phenolics, flavonoids, valerenic acid, and antioxidant activity in aerial and root portions and across the populations were observed. Antioxidant activity measured by three in vitro antioxidant assays, i.e., 2,2'-azino-bis(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulphonic) (ABTS) radical scavenging, 2,2'-diphenyl-1-picryylhydrazyl (DPPH) free radical scavenging, and ferric-reducing antioxidant power (FRAP) assays, showed significant (p < 0.05) differences across the populations. However, no clear pattern was found in phytochemicals across the altitudinal range. Among habitat types, (pine, oak, mixed forest, and grassy land), variation in phytochemical content and antioxidant activity were observed. Equal class ranking, neighbor-joining cluster analysis, and principal component analysis (PCA) identified Talwari, Jaberkhet, Manjkhali, and Khirshu populations as promising sources with higher phytochemicals and antioxidant activity. The results recommended that the identified populations with higher value of phytochemicals and antioxidants can be utilized for mass multiplication and breeding program to meet the domestic as well as commercial demand.

Authors+Show Affiliations

G. B. Pant Institute of Himalayan Environment and Development, Kosi-Katarmal, Almora, 263 643, Uttarakhand, India.G. B. Pant Institute of Himalayan Environment and Development, Kosi-Katarmal, Almora, 263 643, Uttarakhand, India.G. B. Pant Institute of Himalayan Environment and Development, Kosi-Katarmal, Almora, 263 643, Uttarakhand, India.G. B. Pant Institute of Himalayan Environment and Development, Kosi-Katarmal, Almora, 263 643, Uttarakhand, India. id_bhatt@yahoo.com.G. B. Pant Institute of Himalayan Environment and Development, Kosi-Katarmal, Almora, 263 643, Uttarakhand, India.G. B. Pant Institute of Himalayan Environment and Development, Kosi-Katarmal, Almora, 263 643, Uttarakhand, India.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

26971960

Citation

Jugran, Arun K., et al. "Impact of Altitudes and Habitats On Valerenic Acid, Total Phenolics, Flavonoids, Tannins, and Antioxidant Activity of Valeriana Jatamansi." Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology, vol. 179, no. 6, 2016, pp. 911-26.
Jugran AK, Bahukhandi A, Dhyani P, et al. Impact of Altitudes and Habitats on Valerenic Acid, Total Phenolics, Flavonoids, Tannins, and Antioxidant Activity of Valeriana jatamansi. Appl Biochem Biotechnol. 2016;179(6):911-26.
Jugran, A. K., Bahukhandi, A., Dhyani, P., Bhatt, I. D., Rawal, R. S., & Nandi, S. K. (2016). Impact of Altitudes and Habitats on Valerenic Acid, Total Phenolics, Flavonoids, Tannins, and Antioxidant Activity of Valeriana jatamansi. Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology, 179(6), 911-26. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12010-016-2039-2
Jugran AK, et al. Impact of Altitudes and Habitats On Valerenic Acid, Total Phenolics, Flavonoids, Tannins, and Antioxidant Activity of Valeriana Jatamansi. Appl Biochem Biotechnol. 2016;179(6):911-26. PubMed PMID: 26971960.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Impact of Altitudes and Habitats on Valerenic Acid, Total Phenolics, Flavonoids, Tannins, and Antioxidant Activity of Valeriana jatamansi. AU - Jugran,Arun K, AU - Bahukhandi,Amit, AU - Dhyani,Praveen, AU - Bhatt,Indra D, AU - Rawal,Ranbeer S, AU - Nandi,Shyamal K, Y1 - 2016/03/14/ PY - 2015/12/31/received PY - 2016/03/01/accepted PY - 2016/3/15/entrez PY - 2016/3/15/pubmed PY - 2017/1/14/medline KW - Chemotypes KW - Elite identification KW - Himalayan medicinal plant KW - Valerenic acid KW - Valeriana jatamansi SP - 911 EP - 26 JF - Applied biochemistry and biotechnology JO - Appl. Biochem. Biotechnol. VL - 179 IS - 6 N2 - The changes in total phenolics, flavonoids, tannins, valerenic acid, and antioxidant activity were assessed in 25 populations of Valeriana jatamansi sampled from 1200 to 2775 m asl and four habitat types of Uttarakhand, West Himalaya. Significant (p < 0.05) variations in total phenolics, flavonoids, valerenic acid, and antioxidant activity in aerial and root portions and across the populations were observed. Antioxidant activity measured by three in vitro antioxidant assays, i.e., 2,2'-azino-bis(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulphonic) (ABTS) radical scavenging, 2,2'-diphenyl-1-picryylhydrazyl (DPPH) free radical scavenging, and ferric-reducing antioxidant power (FRAP) assays, showed significant (p < 0.05) differences across the populations. However, no clear pattern was found in phytochemicals across the altitudinal range. Among habitat types, (pine, oak, mixed forest, and grassy land), variation in phytochemical content and antioxidant activity were observed. Equal class ranking, neighbor-joining cluster analysis, and principal component analysis (PCA) identified Talwari, Jaberkhet, Manjkhali, and Khirshu populations as promising sources with higher phytochemicals and antioxidant activity. The results recommended that the identified populations with higher value of phytochemicals and antioxidants can be utilized for mass multiplication and breeding program to meet the domestic as well as commercial demand. SN - 1559-0291 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/26971960/Impact_of_Altitudes_and_Habitats_on_Valerenic_Acid_Total_Phenolics_Flavonoids_Tannins_and_Antioxidant_Activity_of_Valeriana_jatamansi_ L2 - https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12010-016-2039-2 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -