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Effectiveness of Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccines of Different Valences Against Invasive Pneumococcal Disease Among Children in Taiwan: A Nationwide Study.
Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2016 Apr; 35(4):e124-33.PI

Abstract

BACKGROUND

For the scarcity of data, we investigated the vaccine effectiveness (VE) of the combined use of pneumococcal conjugate vaccines (PCVs) of different valences against invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) in children.

METHODS

We conducted a matched case-control study using the national IPD surveillance database and the national vaccination registry. Four age-matched, gender-matched and neighborhood-matched controls were identified for each incident IPD case ≦5 years with disease onsets between October 2007 and December 2013. Conditional logistic regression was used to assess VE against all serotype and serotype 19A IPD.

RESULTS

In 523 cases (median age: 28.5 months; range: 2.0-69.4 months) and 2086 controls (28.7; 2.2-70.1), a similar VE against all-serotype IPD was found between PCV13 (76%; 61-85%) and combined 7-valent PCV (PCV7)/10-valent PCV (PCV10) plus PCV13 (78%; 56-89%). The VE for PCV7/PCV10 was slightly lower (48%; 32-60%). Regarding serotype 19A, a significantly reduced risk was observed for both PCV13 (82%; 63-91%) and combined PCV7/PCV10 plus PCV13 (87%; 61-96%). PCV7/PCV10 had only a borderline protective association (31%; 4-51%). For children receiving PCV13 alone, VE against all-serotype IPD did not differ between starting the dosing at ≥2 (78%; 56-89%) or <2 (74%; 51-87%) years of age. VE was 81% (69-88%) within 6 months of the last dose of PCV and 19% (95% CI: -21 to 45%) after 2 years.

CONCLUSIONS

PCVs are effective against IPD during immunization with either the same or with a mixed series, but protection might be differential over time.

Authors+Show Affiliations

From the *Division of Acute Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control, Ministry of Health and Welfare, Taipei, Taiwan, Republic of China; † Institute of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan, Republic of China; ‡Department of Pediatrics, §Department of Internal Medicine, National Taiwan University Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan, Republic of China; ¶Department of Pediatrics, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Taoyuan, Taiwan, Republic of China; and ‖Ministry of Health and Welfare, Taipei City, Taiwan, Republic of China.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

26974752

Citation

Su, Wei-Ju, et al. "Effectiveness of Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccines of Different Valences Against Invasive Pneumococcal Disease Among Children in Taiwan: a Nationwide Study." The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal, vol. 35, no. 4, 2016, pp. e124-33.
Su WJ, Lo HY, Chang CH, et al. Effectiveness of Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccines of Different Valences Against Invasive Pneumococcal Disease Among Children in Taiwan: A Nationwide Study. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2016;35(4):e124-33.
Su, W. J., Lo, H. Y., Chang, C. H., Chang, L. Y., Chiu, C. H., Lee, P. I., Lu, C. Y., Hsieh, Y. C., Lai, M. S., & Lin, T. Y. (2016). Effectiveness of Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccines of Different Valences Against Invasive Pneumococcal Disease Among Children in Taiwan: A Nationwide Study. The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal, 35(4), e124-33. https://doi.org/10.1097/INF.0000000000001054
Su WJ, et al. Effectiveness of Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccines of Different Valences Against Invasive Pneumococcal Disease Among Children in Taiwan: a Nationwide Study. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2016;35(4):e124-33. PubMed PMID: 26974752.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Effectiveness of Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccines of Different Valences Against Invasive Pneumococcal Disease Among Children in Taiwan: A Nationwide Study. AU - Su,Wei-Ju, AU - Lo,Hsiu-Yun, AU - Chang,Chia-Hsuin, AU - Chang,Luan-Yin, AU - Chiu,Cheng-Hsun, AU - Lee,Ping-Ing, AU - Lu,Chun-Yi, AU - Hsieh,Yu-Chia, AU - Lai,Mei-Shu, AU - Lin,Tzou-Yien, PY - 2016/3/15/entrez PY - 2016/3/15/pubmed PY - 2016/12/15/medline SP - e124 EP - 33 JF - The Pediatric infectious disease journal JO - Pediatr Infect Dis J VL - 35 IS - 4 N2 - BACKGROUND: For the scarcity of data, we investigated the vaccine effectiveness (VE) of the combined use of pneumococcal conjugate vaccines (PCVs) of different valences against invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) in children. METHODS: We conducted a matched case-control study using the national IPD surveillance database and the national vaccination registry. Four age-matched, gender-matched and neighborhood-matched controls were identified for each incident IPD case ≦5 years with disease onsets between October 2007 and December 2013. Conditional logistic regression was used to assess VE against all serotype and serotype 19A IPD. RESULTS: In 523 cases (median age: 28.5 months; range: 2.0-69.4 months) and 2086 controls (28.7; 2.2-70.1), a similar VE against all-serotype IPD was found between PCV13 (76%; 61-85%) and combined 7-valent PCV (PCV7)/10-valent PCV (PCV10) plus PCV13 (78%; 56-89%). The VE for PCV7/PCV10 was slightly lower (48%; 32-60%). Regarding serotype 19A, a significantly reduced risk was observed for both PCV13 (82%; 63-91%) and combined PCV7/PCV10 plus PCV13 (87%; 61-96%). PCV7/PCV10 had only a borderline protective association (31%; 4-51%). For children receiving PCV13 alone, VE against all-serotype IPD did not differ between starting the dosing at ≥2 (78%; 56-89%) or <2 (74%; 51-87%) years of age. VE was 81% (69-88%) within 6 months of the last dose of PCV and 19% (95% CI: -21 to 45%) after 2 years. CONCLUSIONS: PCVs are effective against IPD during immunization with either the same or with a mixed series, but protection might be differential over time. SN - 1532-0987 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/26974752/Effectiveness_of_Pneumococcal_Conjugate_Vaccines_of_Different_Valences_Against_Invasive_Pneumococcal_Disease_Among_Children_in_Taiwan:_A_Nationwide_Study_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1097/INF.0000000000001054 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -