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Chemical composition and biological activities of Eruca vesicaria subsp. longirostris essential oils.
Pharm Biol. 2016 Oct; 54(10):2236-43.PB

Abstract

Context To date, there are no reports to validate the Tunisian traditional and folklore claims of Eruca vesicaria (L) Cav. subsp. longirostris (Brassicaceae) for the treatment of disease. Objective Investigation of the chemical composition antimicrobial and antioxidant activity of essential oils from Eruca longirostris leaves, stems, roots and fruits. Materials and methods The essential oils of E. longirostris from leaves, stems, roots and fruits were obtained after 4 h of hydrodistillation. Chemical compositions were determined using a combination of GC/FID and GC/MS. The in vitro antimicrobial activity of the volatile constituents of E. longirostris was performed in sterile 96-well microplates against three Gram-positive, four Gram-negative bacteria and one strain as yeast. The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and minimum bactericidal concentration values were reported. Furthermore, the antioxidant activity was evaluated by DPPH and ABTS assays. Results The main compound for fruits, stems and roots was the erucin (96.6%, 85.3% and 83.7%, respectively), while β-elemene (35.7%), hexahydrofarnesylacetone (23.9%), (E)-β-damascone (15.4%), erucin (10.6%) and α-longipinene (9.6%) constituted the major compounds in the essential oil of the leaves. The experimental results showed that in all tests, essential oil of fruits showed the better antioxidant activity than the others. On the other hand, the oils of stems, fruits and roots showed significant antimicrobial activity with MIC values ranging from 0.125 to 0.31 mg/mL against Candida species, Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria, mainly Salmonella enterica. Conclusions The present results indicate that essential oils of E. longirostris can be used as a source of erucin.

Authors+Show Affiliations

a Laboratoire Des Maladies Transmissibles Et Des Substances Biologiquement Actives, Faculté De Pharmacie , Monastir , Tunisia ;b Laboratoire De Bioressources: Biologie Integrative Et Valorisation (BIOLIVAL) , Institut Supérieur De Biotechnologie De Monastir, Université De Monastir , Monastir , Tunisia ;c Laboratoire De Biochimie, Mécanismes Moléculaires Et Maladie, Faculté De Médecine De Monastir , Université De Monastir , Monastir , Tunisia ;a Laboratoire Des Maladies Transmissibles Et Des Substances Biologiquement Actives, Faculté De Pharmacie , Monastir , Tunisia ;d Laboratoire De Chimie Hétérocyclique, Produits Naturels Et Réactivité, Equipe: Chimie Médicinale Et Produits Naturels, Faculté Des Sciences De Monastir , Université De Monastir , Monastir , Tunisia ;e Dipartimento Di Farmacia , via Bonanno , Pisa , Italy.a Laboratoire Des Maladies Transmissibles Et Des Substances Biologiquement Actives, Faculté De Pharmacie , Monastir , Tunisia ;b Laboratoire De Bioressources: Biologie Integrative Et Valorisation (BIOLIVAL) , Institut Supérieur De Biotechnologie De Monastir, Université De Monastir , Monastir , Tunisia ;

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

26983675

Citation

Omri Hichri, Amel, et al. "Chemical Composition and Biological Activities of Eruca Vesicaria Subsp. Longirostris Essential Oils." Pharmaceutical Biology, vol. 54, no. 10, 2016, pp. 2236-43.
Omri Hichri A, Mosbah H, Majouli K, et al. Chemical composition and biological activities of Eruca vesicaria subsp. longirostris essential oils. Pharm Biol. 2016;54(10):2236-43.
Omri Hichri, A., Mosbah, H., Majouli, K., Besbes Hlila, M., Ben Jannet, H., Flamini, G., Aouni, M., & Selmi, B. (2016). Chemical composition and biological activities of Eruca vesicaria subsp. longirostris essential oils. Pharmaceutical Biology, 54(10), 2236-43. https://doi.org/10.3109/13880209.2016.1151445
Omri Hichri A, et al. Chemical Composition and Biological Activities of Eruca Vesicaria Subsp. Longirostris Essential Oils. Pharm Biol. 2016;54(10):2236-43. PubMed PMID: 26983675.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Chemical composition and biological activities of Eruca vesicaria subsp. longirostris essential oils. AU - Omri Hichri,Amel, AU - Mosbah,Habib, AU - Majouli,Kaouther, AU - Besbes Hlila,Malek, AU - Ben Jannet,Hichem, AU - Flamini,Guido, AU - Aouni,Mahjoub, AU - Selmi,Boulbaba, Y1 - 2016/03/17/ PY - 2016/3/18/entrez PY - 2016/3/18/pubmed PY - 2017/2/9/medline KW - Antimicrobial activity KW - Brassicaceae KW - antioxidant activity KW - chemical compounds identification SP - 2236 EP - 43 JF - Pharmaceutical biology JO - Pharm Biol VL - 54 IS - 10 N2 - Context To date, there are no reports to validate the Tunisian traditional and folklore claims of Eruca vesicaria (L) Cav. subsp. longirostris (Brassicaceae) for the treatment of disease. Objective Investigation of the chemical composition antimicrobial and antioxidant activity of essential oils from Eruca longirostris leaves, stems, roots and fruits. Materials and methods The essential oils of E. longirostris from leaves, stems, roots and fruits were obtained after 4 h of hydrodistillation. Chemical compositions were determined using a combination of GC/FID and GC/MS. The in vitro antimicrobial activity of the volatile constituents of E. longirostris was performed in sterile 96-well microplates against three Gram-positive, four Gram-negative bacteria and one strain as yeast. The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and minimum bactericidal concentration values were reported. Furthermore, the antioxidant activity was evaluated by DPPH and ABTS assays. Results The main compound for fruits, stems and roots was the erucin (96.6%, 85.3% and 83.7%, respectively), while β-elemene (35.7%), hexahydrofarnesylacetone (23.9%), (E)-β-damascone (15.4%), erucin (10.6%) and α-longipinene (9.6%) constituted the major compounds in the essential oil of the leaves. The experimental results showed that in all tests, essential oil of fruits showed the better antioxidant activity than the others. On the other hand, the oils of stems, fruits and roots showed significant antimicrobial activity with MIC values ranging from 0.125 to 0.31 mg/mL against Candida species, Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria, mainly Salmonella enterica. Conclusions The present results indicate that essential oils of E. longirostris can be used as a source of erucin. SN - 1744-5116 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/26983675/Chemical_composition_and_biological_activities_of_Eruca_vesicaria_subsp__longirostris_essential_oils_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -