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Effects of singing on voice, respiratory control and quality of life in persons with Parkinson's disease.

Abstract

Purpose Interventions focused on singing may provide additional benefits to established voice and respiratory therapies, due to their greater emphasis on the respiratory muscle control system in those with Parkinson's disease (PD) progresses. The purpose of this study was to examine if singing can improve voice, respiratory pressure and quality of life (QOL) in persons with PD. Methods This pilot study measured the effects of a singing intervention in 27 participants with PD. Participants were assigned to a high (met twice weekly) or low (met once weekly) dosage group. Voice, respiratory and QOL measures were recorded before and after an 8-week singing intervention. Sessions were led by board-certified music therapists and included a series of vocal and articulation exercises and group singing. Results Both groups demonstrated significant improvements in maximum inspiratory and expiratory pressure, as well as phonation time. While other voice measures improved, they did not reach statistical significance. Voice QOL and whole health QOL also significantly improved. Conclusion These results suggest singing may be a beneficial and engaging treatment choice for improving and maintaining vocal function and respiratory pressure in persons with PD. Implications for Rehabilitation In a small sample, group singing proved beneficial for improving voice and respiratory impairment in persons with Parkinson's disease. Completing group singing one time per week for 8 weeks was as effective as completing group singing two times per week for 8 weeks in persons with Parkinson's disease. Group singing is an effective means of improving overall quality of life in persons with Parkinson's disease.

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  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    ,

    a Department of Kinesiology , Iowa State University , Ames , IA , USA.

    ,

    a Department of Kinesiology , Iowa State University , Ames , IA , USA.

    ,

    a Department of Kinesiology , Iowa State University , Ames , IA , USA.

    ,

    b Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders , Jacksonville University , Jacksonville , FL , USA.

    b Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders , Jacksonville University , Jacksonville , FL , USA.

    Source

    Disability and rehabilitation 39:6 2017 Mar pg 594-600

    MeSH

    Aged
    Female
    Humans
    Male
    Parkinson Disease
    Pilot Projects
    Quality of Life
    Respiratory Muscles
    Singing
    Treatment Outcome
    Voice Quality

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    26987751

    Citation

    TY - JOUR T1 - Effects of singing on voice, respiratory control and quality of life in persons with Parkinson's disease. AU - Stegemöller,Elizabeth L, AU - Radig,Hollie, AU - Hibbing,Paul, AU - Wingate,Judith, AU - Sapienza,Christine, Y1 - 2016/03/17/ PY - 2016/3/19/pubmed PY - 2016/3/19/medline PY - 2016/3/19/entrez KW - Inspiratory capacity KW - Parkinson’s disease KW - music therapy KW - quality of life KW - singing KW - voice SP - 594 EP - 600 JF - Disability and rehabilitation JO - Disabil Rehabil VL - 39 IS - 6 N2 - Purpose Interventions focused on singing may provide additional benefits to established voice and respiratory therapies, due to their greater emphasis on the respiratory muscle control system in those with Parkinson's disease (PD) progresses. The purpose of this study was to examine if singing can improve voice, respiratory pressure and quality of life (QOL) in persons with PD. Methods This pilot study measured the effects of a singing intervention in 27 participants with PD. Participants were assigned to a high (met twice weekly) or low (met once weekly) dosage group. Voice, respiratory and QOL measures were recorded before and after an 8-week singing intervention. Sessions were led by board-certified music therapists and included a series of vocal and articulation exercises and group singing. Results Both groups demonstrated significant improvements in maximum inspiratory and expiratory pressure, as well as phonation time. While other voice measures improved, they did not reach statistical significance. Voice QOL and whole health QOL also significantly improved. Conclusion These results suggest singing may be a beneficial and engaging treatment choice for improving and maintaining vocal function and respiratory pressure in persons with PD. Implications for Rehabilitation In a small sample, group singing proved beneficial for improving voice and respiratory impairment in persons with Parkinson's disease. Completing group singing one time per week for 8 weeks was as effective as completing group singing two times per week for 8 weeks in persons with Parkinson's disease. Group singing is an effective means of improving overall quality of life in persons with Parkinson's disease. SN - 1464-5165 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/26987751/Effects_of_singing_on_voice_respiratory_control_and_quality_of_life_in_persons_with_Parkinson's_disease_ L2 - http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.3109/09638288.2016.1152610 ER -