Pregnancy prediction by free sperm DNA and sperm DNA fragmentation in semen specimens of IVF/ICSI-ET patients.Hum Fertil (Camb) 2016; 19(1):56-62HF
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the predictive value of free sperm plasma DNA (f-spDNA) and sperm DNA fragmentation (SDF), in semen specimens from men undergoing in vitro fertilization/intracytoplasmic sperm injection-embryo transfer (IVF/ICSI-ET) treatments. Fifty-five semen samples were evaluated during 55 consecutive IVF/ICSI-ET cycles. F-spDNA was determined by conventional quantitative real-time PCR-Sybr green detection approach, while evaluation of sperm DNA damage was performed using the sperm chromatin dispersion (SCD) assay. While f-spDNA only correlated with total sperm count, SDF correlated with many semen parameters (including sperm concentration, total sperm count and the per cent of non-progressive sperm). Neither SDF nor the proportion of sperm with small or no halos correlated with f-spDNA. Interestingly, smoking status correlated with f-spDNA but not with SDF. Although these two factors seem to interact for the prediction of pregnancy, receiver-operating characteristics (ROC) analysis revealed that SDF had a stronger predictive value (AUC = 0.7, p < 0.05) than f-spDNA (AUC = 0.6, p > 0.05). SDF and f-spDNA may not be associated together but they interact at a significant level in order to exert their actions on pregnancy outcome. Among the two markers, SDF appears to have stronger and significantly predictive value for pregnancy success.