Health-related Quality of Life in Patients After Treatment of Cushing's Disease.Exp Clin Endocrinol Diabetes 2016; 124(3):187-91EC
Patients suffering from Cushing's disease are known to be restricted due to a wide range of symptoms. Despite biochemical cure, symptoms might last life-long. These include - among well-known somatic symptoms - several neuropsychiatric symptoms that cannot be as easily tested, but lead to a serious negative impact on quality of life. We aimed to evaluate what factors diminish the self-perceived quality of life the most using 3 questionnaires visualizing those impairments. Furthermore we investigated whether there would be differences in quality of life between patients still being affected by the disease and those that are already in remission.
PATIENTS AND METHODS
We reviewed patient charts treated between April 2008 and June 2012 for Cushing's disease and sent 3 questionnaires to the patients for evaluation. For this purpose we used the SF-36, the BDI and the Tuebingen CD-25. 54 patients complied with our request and returned the completed questionnaires. The average time after surgery was 36 months.
In all 8 dimensions of the SF-36 significant differences between the patient collective and the expected age- and gender-specific scores could be observed and thus a detectable impairment in quality of life. The BDI revealed that every other patient suffering from Cushing's disease presented depressive symptoms, partially with clinical relevance. In all 6 dimensions of the Tuebingen CD-25 there were notable restrictions in patients. Those restrictions particularly concerned bodily restrictions and cognitive performance. The self-perceived quality of life of active patients was - although not statistically significant - in almost all measured fields worse than the test results of patients in remission after TSS.
Former and active Cushing's disease patients suffer from a wide range of neuropsychiatric symptoms. Those symptoms might dominate the clinical picture and lead to a serious impairment in quality of life as well as extend periods of suffering and might persist even years after being found healthy. Therefore it is important to evaluate quality of life as an independent factor in every patient being affected by Cushing's disease and to include a holistic view in their therapy. Concomitant therapeutic measures should be accessible at any time for Cushing's disease patients as the normalization of pathologically increased laboratory values doesn't obligatory lead to an improvement of the patients subjectively felt well-being.