Risk factors for colonization by carbapenemase-producing enterobacteria at admission to a Surgical ICU: A retrospective study.Enferm Infecc Microbiol Clin. 2017 Jun - Jul; 35(6):333-337.EI
In 2011, a hospital-wide outbreak of OXA-48 producing Klebsiella pneumoniae occurred in our hospital, an epidemiological setting of high ESBL-producing K. pneumoniae rates. This study identifies risk factors for colonization with carbapenemase-producing enterobacteria (CPE) at Surgical Intensive Care Unit (SICU) admission.
A 2-year retrospective study was performed in all patients admitted to the SICU that following routine had a rectal swab collected upon admission.
Of 254 patients admitted, 41 (16.1%) harbored CPE (five showing two carbapenemase-producing isolates). Most frequent carbapenemase-producing isolates and carbapenemases were K. pneumoniae (39/46, 84.8%) and OXA-48 (31/46; 76.1%), respectively. Carriers significantly had higher rates of chronic renal disease, previous digestive/biliary endoscopy, hospitalization, ICU/SICU admission, intraabdominal surgery, and antibiotic intake, as well as higher median values of clinical scores (SOFA, SAPS II and APACHE II). In the multivariate analysis (R2=0.309, p<0.001), CPE carriage was associated with prior administration of 3rd-4th generation cephalosporins (OR=27.96, 95%CI=6.88, 113.58, p<0.001), β-lactam/β-lactamase inhibitor (OR=11.71, 95%CI=4.51, 30.43, p<0.001), abdominal surgery (OR=6.33, 95%CI=2.12, 18.89, p=0.001), and prior digestive/biliary endoscopy (OR=3.88, 95%CI=1.56, 9.67, p=0.004).
A strong association between production of ESBLs and carriage of CPE (mainly OXA-48 producing K. pneumoniae) was found. According to the model, the co-selection of β-lactamases by previous exposure to broad-spectrum cephalosporins and β-lactam/β-lactamase inhibitors (with lower relative risk), abdominal surgery and prior digestive/biliary endoscopy were factors associated with CPE carriage.