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Influencing factors of children's fruit, vegetable and sugar-enriched food intake in a Finnish preschool setting - Preschool personnel's perceptions.
Appetite. 2016 08 01; 103:72-79.A

Abstract

INTRODUCTION

A large proportion of young children spend most of their weekdays at preschool in Western countries. In Finland, three meals are included in a full day at preschool. These meals have the potential to promote healthy eating. This study aimed to obtain the personnel's (preschool teachers, day-care nurses) views on the factors influencing children's fruit, vegetable, and sugar-enriched food intake at preschool.

STUDY DESIGN

Four focus groups, in all 14 preschool personnel. Two researchers independently analysed the data using a socio-ecological framework.

RESULTS

At the child level, age, peers, and the child's personality were recognized as factors influencing the fruit and vegetable (FV) and sugar-enriched food intake. At the preschool level, both the physical and social environments were discussed thoroughly, whereas at the societal level, policies of the EU, the state, and the municipality were mentioned as factors that influence what children eat in preschool. The personnel also discussed the interactions between factors both between levels and within levels.

CONCLUSIONS

In Finnish preschools, children's food intake is influenced on and within several levels of the socio-ecological model. The identification of the factors influencing food intake allows different methods of intervention at multiple levels to promote healthy eating behaviours in preschools.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Folkhälsan Research Center, Topeliusgatan 20, 00250 Helsinki, Finland. Electronic address: carola.ray@folkhalsan.fi.Folkhälsan Research Center, Topeliusgatan 20, 00250 Helsinki, Finland. Electronic address: suvi.maatta@folkhalsan.fi.Folkhälsan Research Center, Topeliusgatan 20, 00250 Helsinki, Finland. Electronic address: retta.lehto@folkhalsan.fi.Oslo and Akershus University College of Applied Sciences, Consumption Research Norway SIFO, P.O. Box 4 St. Olavs plass, 0130 Oslo, Norway. Electronic address: gun.roos@sifo.hioa.no.Folkhälsan Research Center, Topeliusgatan 20, 00250 Helsinki, Finland; Department of Public Health, University of Helsinki, Mannerheimintie 172, 00300 Helsinki, Finland. Electronic address: eva.roos@folkhalsan.fi.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

27020091

Citation

Ray, Carola, et al. "Influencing Factors of Children's Fruit, Vegetable and Sugar-enriched Food Intake in a Finnish Preschool Setting - Preschool Personnel's Perceptions." Appetite, vol. 103, 2016, pp. 72-79.
Ray C, Määttä S, Lehto R, et al. Influencing factors of children's fruit, vegetable and sugar-enriched food intake in a Finnish preschool setting - Preschool personnel's perceptions. Appetite. 2016;103:72-79.
Ray, C., Määttä, S., Lehto, R., Roos, G., & Roos, E. (2016). Influencing factors of children's fruit, vegetable and sugar-enriched food intake in a Finnish preschool setting - Preschool personnel's perceptions. Appetite, 103, 72-79. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2016.03.020
Ray C, et al. Influencing Factors of Children's Fruit, Vegetable and Sugar-enriched Food Intake in a Finnish Preschool Setting - Preschool Personnel's Perceptions. Appetite. 2016 08 1;103:72-79. PubMed PMID: 27020091.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Influencing factors of children's fruit, vegetable and sugar-enriched food intake in a Finnish preschool setting - Preschool personnel's perceptions. AU - Ray,Carola, AU - Määttä,Suvi, AU - Lehto,Reetta, AU - Roos,Gun, AU - Roos,Eva, Y1 - 2016/03/25/ PY - 2015/09/17/received PY - 2016/03/22/revised PY - 2016/03/23/accepted PY - 2016/3/30/entrez PY - 2016/3/30/pubmed PY - 2017/12/15/medline KW - FV intake KW - Focus group discussions KW - Preschool children KW - Preschool personnel KW - Socio-ecological model KW - Sugar-enriched food intake SP - 72 EP - 79 JF - Appetite JO - Appetite VL - 103 N2 - INTRODUCTION: A large proportion of young children spend most of their weekdays at preschool in Western countries. In Finland, three meals are included in a full day at preschool. These meals have the potential to promote healthy eating. This study aimed to obtain the personnel's (preschool teachers, day-care nurses) views on the factors influencing children's fruit, vegetable, and sugar-enriched food intake at preschool. STUDY DESIGN: Four focus groups, in all 14 preschool personnel. Two researchers independently analysed the data using a socio-ecological framework. RESULTS: At the child level, age, peers, and the child's personality were recognized as factors influencing the fruit and vegetable (FV) and sugar-enriched food intake. At the preschool level, both the physical and social environments were discussed thoroughly, whereas at the societal level, policies of the EU, the state, and the municipality were mentioned as factors that influence what children eat in preschool. The personnel also discussed the interactions between factors both between levels and within levels. CONCLUSIONS: In Finnish preschools, children's food intake is influenced on and within several levels of the socio-ecological model. The identification of the factors influencing food intake allows different methods of intervention at multiple levels to promote healthy eating behaviours in preschools. SN - 1095-8304 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/27020091/Influencing_factors_of_children's_fruit_vegetable_and_sugar_enriched_food_intake_in_a_Finnish_preschool_setting___Preschool_personnel's_perceptions_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0195-6663(16)30107-6 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -