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Core food intakes of Australian children aged 9-10 years: nutrients, daily servings and diet quality in a community cross-sectional sample.
J Hum Nutr Diet. 2016 08; 29(4):449-57.JH

Abstract

BACKGROUND

The present study aimed to evaluate core food intakes in 9-10-year-old Australian children by considering adequacy of nutrient intakes, comparing servings of core food groups with Australian recommendations and scoring overall diet quality.

METHODS

Children from an established community-based cohort study completed a semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire. Daily intakes of energy, macronutrients, micronutrients, servings of core (i.e. nutrient-rich) foods and a diet quality index were calculated and compared with appropriate standards. Sex and socio-economic differences were examined.

RESULTS

The 436 children participating were from low to high socio-economic status families. As a group, over half of the children met estimated average requirements for key macro- and micronutrients, with the exception of fibre (inadequate in 41% of boys and 24% of girls). Children obtained 55% of their daily energy from core foods. Most children had fewer than the recommended servings of vegetables (91%) and meat/alternatives (99.8%), whereas boys generally ate fewer servings of grains and cereals than recommended (87%), and girls ate fewer servings of dairy (83%). Diet quality scores indicated room for improvement (median score of 26 for boys and 25 for girls, out of a maximum of 73 points).

CONCLUSIONS

As a group, a large proportion of children were able to meet their daily nutrient requirements. However, achieving this through noncore foods meant that diets were high in salt, saturated fat and sugar; more servings of core foods and greater dietary diversity would be preferable. These results suggest that families need more support to optimise dietary patterns of children in this age group.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Discipline of Public Health, School of Population Health, The University of Adelaide, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia. The Robinson Research Institute, The University of Adelaide, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia.The Robinson Research Institute, The University of Adelaide, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia. Discipline of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, School of Paediatrics & Reproductive Health, The University of Adelaide, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia.The Robinson Research Institute, The University of Adelaide, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia. Discipline of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, School of Paediatrics & Reproductive Health, The University of Adelaide, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia.Priority Research Centre in Physical Activity and Nutrition, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Health and Medicine, University of Newcastle, Callaghan, New South Wales, Australia.Priority Research Centre in Physical Activity and Nutrition, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Health and Medicine, University of Newcastle, Callaghan, New South Wales, Australia.Discipline of Public Health, School of Population Health, The University of Adelaide, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia.Discipline of Public Health, School of Population Health, The University of Adelaide, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia. The Robinson Research Institute, The University of Adelaide, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

27028485

Citation

Whitrow, M J., et al. "Core Food Intakes of Australian Children Aged 9-10 Years: Nutrients, Daily Servings and Diet Quality in a Community Cross-sectional Sample." Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics : the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association, vol. 29, no. 4, 2016, pp. 449-57.
Whitrow MJ, Moran L, Davies MJ, et al. Core food intakes of Australian children aged 9-10 years: nutrients, daily servings and diet quality in a community cross-sectional sample. J Hum Nutr Diet. 2016;29(4):449-57.
Whitrow, M. J., Moran, L., Davies, M. J., Collins, C. E., Burrows, T. L., Edwards, S., & Moore, V. M. (2016). Core food intakes of Australian children aged 9-10 years: nutrients, daily servings and diet quality in a community cross-sectional sample. Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics : the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association, 29(4), 449-57. https://doi.org/10.1111/jhn.12358
Whitrow MJ, et al. Core Food Intakes of Australian Children Aged 9-10 Years: Nutrients, Daily Servings and Diet Quality in a Community Cross-sectional Sample. J Hum Nutr Diet. 2016;29(4):449-57. PubMed PMID: 27028485.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Core food intakes of Australian children aged 9-10 years: nutrients, daily servings and diet quality in a community cross-sectional sample. AU - Whitrow,M J, AU - Moran,L, AU - Davies,M J, AU - Collins,C E, AU - Burrows,T L, AU - Edwards,S, AU - Moore,V M, Y1 - 2016/03/29/ PY - 2016/3/31/entrez PY - 2016/3/31/pubmed PY - 2018/1/24/medline KW - child KW - eating patterns KW - public health SP - 449 EP - 57 JF - Journal of human nutrition and dietetics : the official journal of the British Dietetic Association JO - J Hum Nutr Diet VL - 29 IS - 4 N2 - BACKGROUND: The present study aimed to evaluate core food intakes in 9-10-year-old Australian children by considering adequacy of nutrient intakes, comparing servings of core food groups with Australian recommendations and scoring overall diet quality. METHODS: Children from an established community-based cohort study completed a semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire. Daily intakes of energy, macronutrients, micronutrients, servings of core (i.e. nutrient-rich) foods and a diet quality index were calculated and compared with appropriate standards. Sex and socio-economic differences were examined. RESULTS: The 436 children participating were from low to high socio-economic status families. As a group, over half of the children met estimated average requirements for key macro- and micronutrients, with the exception of fibre (inadequate in 41% of boys and 24% of girls). Children obtained 55% of their daily energy from core foods. Most children had fewer than the recommended servings of vegetables (91%) and meat/alternatives (99.8%), whereas boys generally ate fewer servings of grains and cereals than recommended (87%), and girls ate fewer servings of dairy (83%). Diet quality scores indicated room for improvement (median score of 26 for boys and 25 for girls, out of a maximum of 73 points). CONCLUSIONS: As a group, a large proportion of children were able to meet their daily nutrient requirements. However, achieving this through noncore foods meant that diets were high in salt, saturated fat and sugar; more servings of core foods and greater dietary diversity would be preferable. These results suggest that families need more support to optimise dietary patterns of children in this age group. SN - 1365-277X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/27028485/Core_food_intakes_of_Australian_children_aged_9_10_years:_nutrients_daily_servings_and_diet_quality_in_a_community_cross_sectional_sample_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1111/jhn.12358 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -