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Alcohol consumption and risk of periodontitis: a meta-analysis.
J Clin Periodontol. 2016 07; 43(7):572-83.JC

Abstract

AIM

A meta-analysis was conducted to quantitatively summarize the evidence from observational studies on alcohol consumption and risk of periodontitis.

MATERIAL AND METHODS

A comprehensive literature search was performed in PubMed, Web of Science and Embase databases to identify eligible studies published in English. Pooled relative risks (RRs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated by random-effects models. Restricted cubic splines were used to assess the dose-response relationship.

RESULTS

Eighteen studies were included in our meta-analysis. The pooled RR of periodontitis for the highest with the lowest alcohol consumption was 1.59 (95% CI: 1.37-1.85). Significant associations were also found in stratified analysis by gender [males: (1.25, 95% CI: 1.11-1.41), females (2.15, 95% CI: 1.36-3.41)] and study design [cohort studies: 1.28 (1.04-1.57) and cross-sectional studies: 1.66 (1.39-1.99)]. A linear dose-response relationship was found between alcohol consumption and periodontitis risk, and the risk of periodontitis increased by 0.4% [95% CI (1.002-1.007) (p = 0.002)] for each 1 g/day increment in alcohol consumption.

CONCLUSION

This meta-analysis suggested that alcohol consumption was associated with an increased risk of periodontitis.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Epidemiology and Health Statistics, the Medical College of Qingdao University, Qingdao, Shandong Province, China.Department of Prevention, Qingdao Stomatological Hospital, Qingdao, Shandong Province, China.Department of Periodontology and Oral Mucosal Diseases, Qingdao Stomatological Hospital, Qingdao, Shandong Province, China.Department of Epidemiology and Health Statistics, the Medical College of Qingdao University, Qingdao, Shandong Province, China.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Meta-Analysis
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

27029013

Citation

Wang, Jiantao, et al. "Alcohol Consumption and Risk of Periodontitis: a Meta-analysis." Journal of Clinical Periodontology, vol. 43, no. 7, 2016, pp. 572-83.
Wang J, Lv J, Wang W, et al. Alcohol consumption and risk of periodontitis: a meta-analysis. J Clin Periodontol. 2016;43(7):572-83.
Wang, J., Lv, J., Wang, W., & Jiang, X. (2016). Alcohol consumption and risk of periodontitis: a meta-analysis. Journal of Clinical Periodontology, 43(7), 572-83. https://doi.org/10.1111/jcpe.12556
Wang J, et al. Alcohol Consumption and Risk of Periodontitis: a Meta-analysis. J Clin Periodontol. 2016;43(7):572-83. PubMed PMID: 27029013.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Alcohol consumption and risk of periodontitis: a meta-analysis. AU - Wang,Jiantao, AU - Lv,Jian, AU - Wang,Wanchun, AU - Jiang,Xiubo, Y1 - 2016/05/12/ PY - 2016/03/24/accepted PY - 2016/3/31/entrez PY - 2016/3/31/pubmed PY - 2018/4/18/medline KW - alcohol consumption KW - dose-response analysis KW - epidemiology studies KW - meta-analysis KW - periodontitis SP - 572 EP - 83 JF - Journal of clinical periodontology JO - J Clin Periodontol VL - 43 IS - 7 N2 - AIM: A meta-analysis was conducted to quantitatively summarize the evidence from observational studies on alcohol consumption and risk of periodontitis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A comprehensive literature search was performed in PubMed, Web of Science and Embase databases to identify eligible studies published in English. Pooled relative risks (RRs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated by random-effects models. Restricted cubic splines were used to assess the dose-response relationship. RESULTS: Eighteen studies were included in our meta-analysis. The pooled RR of periodontitis for the highest with the lowest alcohol consumption was 1.59 (95% CI: 1.37-1.85). Significant associations were also found in stratified analysis by gender [males: (1.25, 95% CI: 1.11-1.41), females (2.15, 95% CI: 1.36-3.41)] and study design [cohort studies: 1.28 (1.04-1.57) and cross-sectional studies: 1.66 (1.39-1.99)]. A linear dose-response relationship was found between alcohol consumption and periodontitis risk, and the risk of periodontitis increased by 0.4% [95% CI (1.002-1.007) (p = 0.002)] for each 1 g/day increment in alcohol consumption. CONCLUSION: This meta-analysis suggested that alcohol consumption was associated with an increased risk of periodontitis. SN - 1600-051X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/27029013/Alcohol_consumption_and_risk_of_periodontitis:_a_meta_analysis_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1111/jcpe.12556 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -