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Factors Affecting Mental Health Service Utilization Among California Public College and University Students.
Psychiatr Serv 2016; 67(8):890-7PS

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

Unmet need for mental health treatment among college students is a significant public health issue. Despite having access to campus mental health providers and insurance to cover services, many college students do not receive necessary services. This study examined factors influencing college students' use of mental health services.

METHODS

Online survey data for 33,943 students and 14,018 staff and faculty at 39 college campuses in California were analyzed by using logistic regressions examining the association between students' use of mental health services and student characteristics, campus environment, and the presence of a formal network of campus mental health clinics.

RESULTS

Nineteen percent of students reported current serious psychological distress in the past 30 days, and 11% reported significant mental health-related academic impairment in the past year. Twenty percent reported using mental health services while at their current college, 10% by using campus services and 10% off-campus services. Students on campuses with a formal network of mental health clinics were more likely than students at community colleges to receive mental health services (odds ratio [OR] range=1.68-1.69), particularly campus services (OR=3.47-5.72). Students on campuses that are supportive of mental health issues were more likely to receive mental health services (OR=1.22), particularly on campus (OR=1.65). Students with active (versus low) coping skills were consistently more likely to use mental health services.

CONCLUSIONS

Establishing more campus mental health clinics, fostering supportive campus environments, and increasing students' coping skills may reduce unmet need for mental health services among college students.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Dr. Sontag-Padilla and Dr. Stein are with the RAND Corporation in the Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, office. Dr. Stein is also with the Department of Psychiatry, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Dr. Woodbridge is with SRI Corporation, Menlo Park, California. Dr. Mendelsohn, Dr. D'Amico, Dr. Osilla, Dr. Eberhart, and Dr. Burnam are with the RAND Corporation, Santa Monica, California. Dr. Jaycox is with the RAND Corporation, Arlington, Virginia. Send correspondence to Dr. Stein (e-mail: stein@rand.org).Dr. Sontag-Padilla and Dr. Stein are with the RAND Corporation in the Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, office. Dr. Stein is also with the Department of Psychiatry, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Dr. Woodbridge is with SRI Corporation, Menlo Park, California. Dr. Mendelsohn, Dr. D'Amico, Dr. Osilla, Dr. Eberhart, and Dr. Burnam are with the RAND Corporation, Santa Monica, California. Dr. Jaycox is with the RAND Corporation, Arlington, Virginia. Send correspondence to Dr. Stein (e-mail: stein@rand.org).Dr. Sontag-Padilla and Dr. Stein are with the RAND Corporation in the Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, office. Dr. Stein is also with the Department of Psychiatry, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Dr. Woodbridge is with SRI Corporation, Menlo Park, California. Dr. Mendelsohn, Dr. D'Amico, Dr. Osilla, Dr. Eberhart, and Dr. Burnam are with the RAND Corporation, Santa Monica, California. Dr. Jaycox is with the RAND Corporation, Arlington, Virginia. Send correspondence to Dr. Stein (e-mail: stein@rand.org).Dr. Sontag-Padilla and Dr. Stein are with the RAND Corporation in the Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, office. Dr. Stein is also with the Department of Psychiatry, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Dr. Woodbridge is with SRI Corporation, Menlo Park, California. Dr. Mendelsohn, Dr. D'Amico, Dr. Osilla, Dr. Eberhart, and Dr. Burnam are with the RAND Corporation, Santa Monica, California. Dr. Jaycox is with the RAND Corporation, Arlington, Virginia. Send correspondence to Dr. Stein (e-mail: stein@rand.org).Dr. Sontag-Padilla and Dr. Stein are with the RAND Corporation in the Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, office. Dr. Stein is also with the Department of Psychiatry, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Dr. Woodbridge is with SRI Corporation, Menlo Park, California. Dr. Mendelsohn, Dr. D'Amico, Dr. Osilla, Dr. Eberhart, and Dr. Burnam are with the RAND Corporation, Santa Monica, California. Dr. Jaycox is with the RAND Corporation, Arlington, Virginia. Send correspondence to Dr. Stein (e-mail: stein@rand.org).Dr. Sontag-Padilla and Dr. Stein are with the RAND Corporation in the Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, office. Dr. Stein is also with the Department of Psychiatry, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Dr. Woodbridge is with SRI Corporation, Menlo Park, California. Dr. Mendelsohn, Dr. D'Amico, Dr. Osilla, Dr. Eberhart, and Dr. Burnam are with the RAND Corporation, Santa Monica, California. Dr. Jaycox is with the RAND Corporation, Arlington, Virginia. Send correspondence to Dr. Stein (e-mail: stein@rand.org).Dr. Sontag-Padilla and Dr. Stein are with the RAND Corporation in the Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, office. Dr. Stein is also with the Department of Psychiatry, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Dr. Woodbridge is with SRI Corporation, Menlo Park, California. Dr. Mendelsohn, Dr. D'Amico, Dr. Osilla, Dr. Eberhart, and Dr. Burnam are with the RAND Corporation, Santa Monica, California. Dr. Jaycox is with the RAND Corporation, Arlington, Virginia. Send correspondence to Dr. Stein (e-mail: stein@rand.org).Dr. Sontag-Padilla and Dr. Stein are with the RAND Corporation in the Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, office. Dr. Stein is also with the Department of Psychiatry, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Dr. Woodbridge is with SRI Corporation, Menlo Park, California. Dr. Mendelsohn, Dr. D'Amico, Dr. Osilla, Dr. Eberhart, and Dr. Burnam are with the RAND Corporation, Santa Monica, California. Dr. Jaycox is with the RAND Corporation, Arlington, Virginia. Send correspondence to Dr. Stein (e-mail: stein@rand.org).Dr. Sontag-Padilla and Dr. Stein are with the RAND Corporation in the Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, office. Dr. Stein is also with the Department of Psychiatry, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Dr. Woodbridge is with SRI Corporation, Menlo Park, California. Dr. Mendelsohn, Dr. D'Amico, Dr. Osilla, Dr. Eberhart, and Dr. Burnam are with the RAND Corporation, Santa Monica, California. Dr. Jaycox is with the RAND Corporation, Arlington, Virginia. Send correspondence to Dr. Stein (e-mail: stein@rand.org).

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

27032662

Citation

Sontag-Padilla, Lisa, et al. "Factors Affecting Mental Health Service Utilization Among California Public College and University Students." Psychiatric Services (Washington, D.C.), vol. 67, no. 8, 2016, pp. 890-7.
Sontag-Padilla L, Woodbridge MW, Mendelsohn J, et al. Factors Affecting Mental Health Service Utilization Among California Public College and University Students. Psychiatr Serv. 2016;67(8):890-7.
Sontag-Padilla, L., Woodbridge, M. W., Mendelsohn, J., D'Amico, E. J., Osilla, K. C., Jaycox, L. H., ... Stein, B. D. (2016). Factors Affecting Mental Health Service Utilization Among California Public College and University Students. Psychiatric Services (Washington, D.C.), 67(8), pp. 890-7. doi:10.1176/appi.ps.201500307.
Sontag-Padilla L, et al. Factors Affecting Mental Health Service Utilization Among California Public College and University Students. Psychiatr Serv. 2016 08 1;67(8):890-7. PubMed PMID: 27032662.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Factors Affecting Mental Health Service Utilization Among California Public College and University Students. AU - Sontag-Padilla,Lisa, AU - Woodbridge,Michelle W, AU - Mendelsohn,Joshua, AU - D'Amico,Elizabeth J, AU - Osilla,Karen Chan, AU - Jaycox,Lisa H, AU - Eberhart,Nicole K, AU - Burnam,Audrey M, AU - Stein,Bradley D, Y1 - 2016/04/01/ PY - 2016/4/2/entrez PY - 2016/4/2/pubmed PY - 2018/2/3/medline SP - 890 EP - 7 JF - Psychiatric services (Washington, D.C.) JO - Psychiatr Serv VL - 67 IS - 8 N2 - OBJECTIVE: Unmet need for mental health treatment among college students is a significant public health issue. Despite having access to campus mental health providers and insurance to cover services, many college students do not receive necessary services. This study examined factors influencing college students' use of mental health services. METHODS: Online survey data for 33,943 students and 14,018 staff and faculty at 39 college campuses in California were analyzed by using logistic regressions examining the association between students' use of mental health services and student characteristics, campus environment, and the presence of a formal network of campus mental health clinics. RESULTS: Nineteen percent of students reported current serious psychological distress in the past 30 days, and 11% reported significant mental health-related academic impairment in the past year. Twenty percent reported using mental health services while at their current college, 10% by using campus services and 10% off-campus services. Students on campuses with a formal network of mental health clinics were more likely than students at community colleges to receive mental health services (odds ratio [OR] range=1.68-1.69), particularly campus services (OR=3.47-5.72). Students on campuses that are supportive of mental health issues were more likely to receive mental health services (OR=1.22), particularly on campus (OR=1.65). Students with active (versus low) coping skills were consistently more likely to use mental health services. CONCLUSIONS: Establishing more campus mental health clinics, fostering supportive campus environments, and increasing students' coping skills may reduce unmet need for mental health services among college students. SN - 1557-9700 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/27032662/Factors_Affecting_Mental_Health_Service_Utilization_Among_California_Public_College_and_University_Students_ L2 - https://ps.psychiatryonline.org/doi/full/10.1176/appi.ps.201500307?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -