The relationship between hyperhomocysteinemia and neurodegeneration.Neurodegener Dis Manag. 2016 Apr; 6(2):133-45.ND
Homocysteine (Hcy) is a key junction in methionine metabolism. In inherited forms of hyperhomocysteinemia patients develop early vascular damage and cognitive decline. Hyperhomocysteinemia is a common consequence of dietary, behavioral and pathological conditions and is epidemiologically related to different diseases, among them neurodegenerative ones are receiving progressively more attention in the last years. Several detrimental mechanisms that see in Hcy a possible promoter seem to be implicated in neurodegeneration (protein structural and functional modifications, oxidative stress, cellular metabolic derangements, epigenetic modifications, pathological aggregates deposition, endothelial damage and atherothrombosis). Interventional studies exploring B group vitamins administration in terms of prevention of Hcy-related cognitive decline and cerebrovascular involvement have shown scant results. In this review, current and possible alternative/complementary approaches are discussed.