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The Associations and Correlations Between Self-reported Health and Neighborhood Cohesion and Disorder in a Community-dwelling U.S. Chinese Population.
Gerontologist. 2017 08 01; 57(4):679-695.G

Abstract

Purpose of the Study

Characteristics of neighborhood have been found to be associated with physical and psychological health status of older adults, especially in relationship to social dynamics like cohesion and disorder. This study aims to examine correlations and associations between sociodemographic characteristics, self-reported health status, cohesion, and disorder among Chinese older adults in the greater Chicago area.

Design and Methods

The Population Study of Chinese Elderly in Chicago is a cross-sectional, population-based study with community-dwelling Chinese older adults aged 60 and older, recruited through a community-based participatory research approach. Cohesion was measured through six questions; disorder was measured through eight questions. Correlation and regression analyses were conducted using SAS.

Results

Among 3,158 participants enrolled in the study, 92.3% reported any neighborhood cohesion; 69.8% reported any neighborhood disorder. After controlling for age, sex, education, income, marital status, living arrangement, number of children, years in the community, years in the United States, country of origin, language preference, and location, a higher level of cohesion is associated with higher quality of life (odds ratio [OR]: 1.25, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.13, 1.39) and a higher level of disorder is associated with lower overall health status (OR: 0.97, 95% CI: 0.95, 0.99) and lower quality of life (OR: 0.96, 95% CI: 0.95, 0.98).

Implications

Our findings suggest that neighborhood cohesion and neighborhood disorder are correlated to the health of U.S. Chinese older adults. Future longitudinal research should examine the relationship between community characteristics, both structural and social, and health-related outcomes.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Rush Institute for Healthy Aging, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, Illinois.Rush Institute for Healthy Aging, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, Illinois.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

Language

eng

PubMed ID

27038465

Citation

Dong, XinQi, and Stephanie M. Bergren. "The Associations and Correlations Between Self-reported Health and Neighborhood Cohesion and Disorder in a Community-dwelling U.S. Chinese Population." The Gerontologist, vol. 57, no. 4, 2017, pp. 679-695.
Dong X, Bergren SM. The Associations and Correlations Between Self-reported Health and Neighborhood Cohesion and Disorder in a Community-dwelling U.S. Chinese Population. Gerontologist. 2017;57(4):679-695.
Dong, X., & Bergren, S. M. (2017). The Associations and Correlations Between Self-reported Health and Neighborhood Cohesion and Disorder in a Community-dwelling U.S. Chinese Population. The Gerontologist, 57(4), 679-695. https://doi.org/10.1093/geront/gnw050
Dong X, Bergren SM. The Associations and Correlations Between Self-reported Health and Neighborhood Cohesion and Disorder in a Community-dwelling U.S. Chinese Population. Gerontologist. 2017 08 1;57(4):679-695. PubMed PMID: 27038465.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The Associations and Correlations Between Self-reported Health and Neighborhood Cohesion and Disorder in a Community-dwelling U.S. Chinese Population. AU - Dong,XinQi, AU - Bergren,Stephanie M, PY - 2015/06/10/received PY - 2015/12/21/accepted PY - 2016/4/3/pubmed PY - 2018/5/16/medline PY - 2016/4/3/entrez KW - Chicago KW - Chinese KW - Neighborhood cohesion KW - Neighborhood disorder SP - 679 EP - 695 JF - The Gerontologist JO - Gerontologist VL - 57 IS - 4 N2 - Purpose of the Study: Characteristics of neighborhood have been found to be associated with physical and psychological health status of older adults, especially in relationship to social dynamics like cohesion and disorder. This study aims to examine correlations and associations between sociodemographic characteristics, self-reported health status, cohesion, and disorder among Chinese older adults in the greater Chicago area. Design and Methods: The Population Study of Chinese Elderly in Chicago is a cross-sectional, population-based study with community-dwelling Chinese older adults aged 60 and older, recruited through a community-based participatory research approach. Cohesion was measured through six questions; disorder was measured through eight questions. Correlation and regression analyses were conducted using SAS. Results: Among 3,158 participants enrolled in the study, 92.3% reported any neighborhood cohesion; 69.8% reported any neighborhood disorder. After controlling for age, sex, education, income, marital status, living arrangement, number of children, years in the community, years in the United States, country of origin, language preference, and location, a higher level of cohesion is associated with higher quality of life (odds ratio [OR]: 1.25, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.13, 1.39) and a higher level of disorder is associated with lower overall health status (OR: 0.97, 95% CI: 0.95, 0.99) and lower quality of life (OR: 0.96, 95% CI: 0.95, 0.98). Implications: Our findings suggest that neighborhood cohesion and neighborhood disorder are correlated to the health of U.S. Chinese older adults. Future longitudinal research should examine the relationship between community characteristics, both structural and social, and health-related outcomes. SN - 1758-5341 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/27038465/The_Associations_and_Correlations_Between_Self_reported_Health_and_Neighborhood_Cohesion_and_Disorder_in_a_Community_dwelling_U_S__Chinese_Population_ L2 - https://academic.oup.com/gerontologist/article-lookup/doi/10.1093/geront/gnw050 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -