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Effects of moderate and vigorous physical activity on fitness and body composition.
J Behav Med 2016; 39(4):624-32JB

Abstract

Current physical activity (PA) guidelines indicate that moderate-intensity (MPA) and vigorous intensity (VPA) PA provide similar benefits when total volume is equal. The present study examined the associations of MPA and VPA with body composition and cardiorespiratory fitness in free-living young adults. A total of 197 young adults (52.8 % male) were followed over a period of 15 months. Body composition was assessed via dual X-ray absorptiometry and time spent in various PA intensities was determined with a multi-sensor device every 3 months. Cardiorespiratory fitness was assessed with a graded exercise test at baseline and 15-months follow-up. Change in VPA was positively associated with cardiorespiratory fitness while MPA had beneficial associations with percent body fat. In overweight/obese participants the association with VO2peak was similar for MVPA bouts and VPA. Even though MPA and VPA have positive associations with overall health, their associations on key health parameters differ.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Exercise Science, Public Health Research Center, University of South Carolina, 921 Assembly Street, Columbia, SC, 29208, USA. drenowat@mailbox.sc.edu.Department of Exercise Science, Public Health Research Center, University of South Carolina, 921 Assembly Street, Columbia, SC, 29208, USA.School of Public Health, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV, USA.Department of Kinesiology, Iowa State University, Ames, IA, USA.Department of Exercise Science, Public Health Research Center, University of South Carolina, 921 Assembly Street, Columbia, SC, 29208, USA. Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC, USA.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

27055817

Citation

Drenowatz, Clemens, et al. "Effects of Moderate and Vigorous Physical Activity On Fitness and Body Composition." Journal of Behavioral Medicine, vol. 39, no. 4, 2016, pp. 624-32.
Drenowatz C, Prasad VK, Hand GA, et al. Effects of moderate and vigorous physical activity on fitness and body composition. J Behav Med. 2016;39(4):624-32.
Drenowatz, C., Prasad, V. K., Hand, G. A., Shook, R. P., & Blair, S. N. (2016). Effects of moderate and vigorous physical activity on fitness and body composition. Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 39(4), pp. 624-32. doi:10.1007/s10865-016-9740-z.
Drenowatz C, et al. Effects of Moderate and Vigorous Physical Activity On Fitness and Body Composition. J Behav Med. 2016;39(4):624-32. PubMed PMID: 27055817.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Effects of moderate and vigorous physical activity on fitness and body composition. AU - Drenowatz,Clemens, AU - Prasad,Vivek K, AU - Hand,Gregory A, AU - Shook,Robin P, AU - Blair,Steven N, Y1 - 2016/04/07/ PY - 2016/01/12/received PY - 2016/03/28/accepted PY - 2016/4/9/entrez PY - 2016/4/9/pubmed PY - 2017/3/10/medline KW - Body weight KW - Exercise KW - Percent body fat KW - Physical activity intensity KW - Young adults SP - 624 EP - 32 JF - Journal of behavioral medicine JO - J Behav Med VL - 39 IS - 4 N2 - Current physical activity (PA) guidelines indicate that moderate-intensity (MPA) and vigorous intensity (VPA) PA provide similar benefits when total volume is equal. The present study examined the associations of MPA and VPA with body composition and cardiorespiratory fitness in free-living young adults. A total of 197 young adults (52.8 % male) were followed over a period of 15 months. Body composition was assessed via dual X-ray absorptiometry and time spent in various PA intensities was determined with a multi-sensor device every 3 months. Cardiorespiratory fitness was assessed with a graded exercise test at baseline and 15-months follow-up. Change in VPA was positively associated with cardiorespiratory fitness while MPA had beneficial associations with percent body fat. In overweight/obese participants the association with VO2peak was similar for MVPA bouts and VPA. Even though MPA and VPA have positive associations with overall health, their associations on key health parameters differ. SN - 1573-3521 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/27055817/Effects_of_moderate_and_vigorous_physical_activity_on_fitness_and_body_composition_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1007/s10865-016-9740-z DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -