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Prognostic Relevance of Left Atrial Dysfunction in Heart Failure With Preserved Ejection Fraction.
Circ Heart Fail. 2016 Apr; 9(4):e002763.CH

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Left atrial (LA) size is an established marker of risk for adverse outcomes in heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF). However, the independent prognostic importance of LA function in HFpEF is not known.

METHODS AND RESULTS

We assessed LA function measured by speckle-tracking echocardiography in 357 patients with HFpEF enrolled in the Treatment Of Preserved Cardiac Function Heart Failure With an Aldosterone Antagonist (TOPCAT) trial who were in sinus rhythm at the time of echocardiography. Lower peak LA strain, indicating LA dysfunction, was associated with older age, higher prevalence of atrial fibrillation and left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy, worse LV and right ventricular systolic function, and worse LV diastolic function. At a mean follow-up of 31 months (interquartile range, 18-43months), 91 patients (25.5%) experienced the primary composite end point of cardiovascular death, HF hospitalization, and aborted sudden death. Lower peak LA strain was associated with a higher risk of the composite end point (hazard ratio, 0.96 per unit of reduction in strain; 95% confidence interval, 0.94-0.99; P=0.009) and of HF hospitalization alone (hazard ratio, 0.95 per unit of reduction in strain; 95% confidence interval, 0.92-0.98; P=0.003). The association of LA strain with incident HF hospitalization remained significant after adjustment for clinical confounders, but not after further adjustment for LV global longitudinal strain and the E/E' ratio, parameters of LV systolic and diastolic function, respectively.

CONCLUSIONS

LA dysfunction in HFpEF is associated with a higher risk of HF hospitalization independent of potential clinical confounders, but not independent of LV strain and filling pressure. Impairment in LV systolic and diastolic function largely explains the association between impaired LA function and higher risk of HF hospitalization in HFpEF.

CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION

URL: http://www.clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT00094302.

Authors+Show Affiliations

From the Cardiovascular Division, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA (A.B.S.S., G.Q.R., B.C., S.D.S., A.M.S.); Cardiology Division, Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre, Universidade Federal of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brazil (A.B.S.S.); Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Sarver Heart Center, University of Arizona College of Medicine, Tucson (N.K.S.); Cardiology Division, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL (S.J.S.); Cardiovascular Division, VA Medical Center, Minneapolis, MN (I.S.A.); Cardiology Division, University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City (J.F.); RHJ Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston (M.R.Z.); and Cardiology Division, University of Michigan School of Medicine, Ann Arbor (B.P.).From the Cardiovascular Division, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA (A.B.S.S., G.Q.R., B.C., S.D.S., A.M.S.); Cardiology Division, Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre, Universidade Federal of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brazil (A.B.S.S.); Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Sarver Heart Center, University of Arizona College of Medicine, Tucson (N.K.S.); Cardiology Division, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL (S.J.S.); Cardiovascular Division, VA Medical Center, Minneapolis, MN (I.S.A.); Cardiology Division, University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City (J.F.); RHJ Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston (M.R.Z.); and Cardiology Division, University of Michigan School of Medicine, Ann Arbor (B.P.).From the Cardiovascular Division, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA (A.B.S.S., G.Q.R., B.C., S.D.S., A.M.S.); Cardiology Division, Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre, Universidade Federal of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brazil (A.B.S.S.); Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Sarver Heart Center, University of Arizona College of Medicine, Tucson (N.K.S.); Cardiology Division, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL (S.J.S.); Cardiovascular Division, VA Medical Center, Minneapolis, MN (I.S.A.); Cardiology Division, University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City (J.F.); RHJ Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston (M.R.Z.); and Cardiology Division, University of Michigan School of Medicine, Ann Arbor (B.P.).From the Cardiovascular Division, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA (A.B.S.S., G.Q.R., B.C., S.D.S., A.M.S.); Cardiology Division, Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre, Universidade Federal of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brazil (A.B.S.S.); Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Sarver Heart Center, University of Arizona College of Medicine, Tucson (N.K.S.); Cardiology Division, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL (S.J.S.); Cardiovascular Division, VA Medical Center, Minneapolis, MN (I.S.A.); Cardiology Division, University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City (J.F.); RHJ Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston (M.R.Z.); and Cardiology Division, University of Michigan School of Medicine, Ann Arbor (B.P.).From the Cardiovascular Division, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA (A.B.S.S., G.Q.R., B.C., S.D.S., A.M.S.); Cardiology Division, Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre, Universidade Federal of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brazil (A.B.S.S.); Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Sarver Heart Center, University of Arizona College of Medicine, Tucson (N.K.S.); Cardiology Division, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL (S.J.S.); Cardiovascular Division, VA Medical Center, Minneapolis, MN (I.S.A.); Cardiology Division, University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City (J.F.); RHJ Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston (M.R.Z.); and Cardiology Division, University of Michigan School of Medicine, Ann Arbor (B.P.).From the Cardiovascular Division, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA (A.B.S.S., G.Q.R., B.C., S.D.S., A.M.S.); Cardiology Division, Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre, Universidade Federal of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brazil (A.B.S.S.); Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Sarver Heart Center, University of Arizona College of Medicine, Tucson (N.K.S.); Cardiology Division, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL (S.J.S.); Cardiovascular Division, VA Medical Center, Minneapolis, MN (I.S.A.); Cardiology Division, University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City (J.F.); RHJ Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston (M.R.Z.); and Cardiology Division, University of Michigan School of Medicine, Ann Arbor (B.P.).From the Cardiovascular Division, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA (A.B.S.S., G.Q.R., B.C., S.D.S., A.M.S.); Cardiology Division, Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre, Universidade Federal of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brazil (A.B.S.S.); Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Sarver Heart Center, University of Arizona College of Medicine, Tucson (N.K.S.); Cardiology Division, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL (S.J.S.); Cardiovascular Division, VA Medical Center, Minneapolis, MN (I.S.A.); Cardiology Division, University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City (J.F.); RHJ Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston (M.R.Z.); and Cardiology Division, University of Michigan School of Medicine, Ann Arbor (B.P.).From the Cardiovascular Division, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA (A.B.S.S., G.Q.R., B.C., S.D.S., A.M.S.); Cardiology Division, Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre, Universidade Federal of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brazil (A.B.S.S.); Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Sarver Heart Center, University of Arizona College of Medicine, Tucson (N.K.S.); Cardiology Division, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL (S.J.S.); Cardiovascular Division, VA Medical Center, Minneapolis, MN (I.S.A.); Cardiology Division, University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City (J.F.); RHJ Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston (M.R.Z.); and Cardiology Division, University of Michigan School of Medicine, Ann Arbor (B.P.).From the Cardiovascular Division, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA (A.B.S.S., G.Q.R., B.C., S.D.S., A.M.S.); Cardiology Division, Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre, Universidade Federal of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brazil (A.B.S.S.); Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Sarver Heart Center, University of Arizona College of Medicine, Tucson (N.K.S.); Cardiology Division, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL (S.J.S.); Cardiovascular Division, VA Medical Center, Minneapolis, MN (I.S.A.); Cardiology Division, University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City (J.F.); RHJ Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston (M.R.Z.); and Cardiology Division, University of Michigan School of Medicine, Ann Arbor (B.P.).From the Cardiovascular Division, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA (A.B.S.S., G.Q.R., B.C., S.D.S., A.M.S.); Cardiology Division, Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre, Universidade Federal of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brazil (A.B.S.S.); Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Sarver Heart Center, University of Arizona College of Medicine, Tucson (N.K.S.); Cardiology Division, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL (S.J.S.); Cardiovascular Division, VA Medical Center, Minneapolis, MN (I.S.A.); Cardiology Division, University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City (J.F.); RHJ Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston (M.R.Z.); and Cardiology Division, University of Michigan School of Medicine, Ann Arbor (B.P.).From the Cardiovascular Division, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA (A.B.S.S., G.Q.R., B.C., S.D.S., A.M.S.); Cardiology Division, Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre, Universidade Federal of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brazil (A.B.S.S.); Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Sarver Heart Center, University of Arizona College of Medicine, Tucson (N.K.S.); Cardiology Division, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL (S.J.S.); Cardiovascular Division, VA Medical Center, Minneapolis, MN (I.S.A.); Cardiology Division, University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City (J.F.); RHJ Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston (M.R.Z.); and Cardiology Division, University of Michigan School of Medicine, Ann Arbor (B.P.). ashah11@partners.org.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Multicenter Study
Randomized Controlled Trial
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

27056882

Citation

Santos, Angela B S., et al. "Prognostic Relevance of Left Atrial Dysfunction in Heart Failure With Preserved Ejection Fraction." Circulation. Heart Failure, vol. 9, no. 4, 2016, pp. e002763.
Santos AB, Roca GQ, Claggett B, et al. Prognostic Relevance of Left Atrial Dysfunction in Heart Failure With Preserved Ejection Fraction. Circ Heart Fail. 2016;9(4):e002763.
Santos, A. B., Roca, G. Q., Claggett, B., Sweitzer, N. K., Shah, S. J., Anand, I. S., Fang, J. C., Zile, M. R., Pitt, B., Solomon, S. D., & Shah, A. M. (2016). Prognostic Relevance of Left Atrial Dysfunction in Heart Failure With Preserved Ejection Fraction. Circulation. Heart Failure, 9(4), e002763. https://doi.org/10.1161/CIRCHEARTFAILURE.115.002763
Santos AB, et al. Prognostic Relevance of Left Atrial Dysfunction in Heart Failure With Preserved Ejection Fraction. Circ Heart Fail. 2016;9(4):e002763. PubMed PMID: 27056882.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Prognostic Relevance of Left Atrial Dysfunction in Heart Failure With Preserved Ejection Fraction. AU - Santos,Angela B S, AU - Roca,Gabriela Querejeta, AU - Claggett,Brian, AU - Sweitzer,Nancy K, AU - Shah,Sanjiv J, AU - Anand,Inder S, AU - Fang,James C, AU - Zile,Michael R, AU - Pitt,Bertram, AU - Solomon,Scott D, AU - Shah,Amil M, PY - 2015/10/20/received PY - 2016/03/04/accepted PY - 2016/4/9/entrez PY - 2016/4/9/pubmed PY - 2016/8/2/medline KW - atrial strain KW - diastolic heart failure KW - echocardiography KW - prognosis SP - e002763 EP - e002763 JF - Circulation. Heart failure JO - Circ Heart Fail VL - 9 IS - 4 N2 - BACKGROUND: Left atrial (LA) size is an established marker of risk for adverse outcomes in heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF). However, the independent prognostic importance of LA function in HFpEF is not known. METHODS AND RESULTS: We assessed LA function measured by speckle-tracking echocardiography in 357 patients with HFpEF enrolled in the Treatment Of Preserved Cardiac Function Heart Failure With an Aldosterone Antagonist (TOPCAT) trial who were in sinus rhythm at the time of echocardiography. Lower peak LA strain, indicating LA dysfunction, was associated with older age, higher prevalence of atrial fibrillation and left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy, worse LV and right ventricular systolic function, and worse LV diastolic function. At a mean follow-up of 31 months (interquartile range, 18-43months), 91 patients (25.5%) experienced the primary composite end point of cardiovascular death, HF hospitalization, and aborted sudden death. Lower peak LA strain was associated with a higher risk of the composite end point (hazard ratio, 0.96 per unit of reduction in strain; 95% confidence interval, 0.94-0.99; P=0.009) and of HF hospitalization alone (hazard ratio, 0.95 per unit of reduction in strain; 95% confidence interval, 0.92-0.98; P=0.003). The association of LA strain with incident HF hospitalization remained significant after adjustment for clinical confounders, but not after further adjustment for LV global longitudinal strain and the E/E' ratio, parameters of LV systolic and diastolic function, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: LA dysfunction in HFpEF is associated with a higher risk of HF hospitalization independent of potential clinical confounders, but not independent of LV strain and filling pressure. Impairment in LV systolic and diastolic function largely explains the association between impaired LA function and higher risk of HF hospitalization in HFpEF. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: URL: http://www.clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT00094302. SN - 1941-3297 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/27056882/Prognostic_Relevance_of_Left_Atrial_Dysfunction_in_Heart_Failure_With_Preserved_Ejection_Fraction_ L2 - http://www.ahajournals.org/doi/full/10.1161/CIRCHEARTFAILURE.115.002763?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -