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Infant and young child feeding practices among children under 2 years of age and maternal exposure to infant and young child feeding messages and promotions in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.
Matern Child Nutr 2016; 12 Suppl 2:77-90MC

Abstract

There are limited data describing infant and young child feeding practices (IYCF) in urban Tanzania. This study assessed the types of foods consumed by children under 2 years of age and maternal exposure to promotions of these foods in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. A cross-sectional survey was conducted among 305 mothers of children less than 24 months of age who attended child health services in October and November, 2014. Among infants less than 6 months of age, rates of exclusive breastfeeding were low (40.8%) and a high proportion (38.2%) received semi-solid foods. Continued breastfeeding among 20-23-month-olds was only 33.3%. Consumption of breastmilk substitutes was not prevalent, and only 3.9% of infants less than 6 months of age and 4.8% of 6-23 month-olds were fed formula. Among 6-23-month-olds, only 38.4% consumed a minimum acceptable diet (using a modified definition). The homemade complementary foods consumed by the majority of 6-23-month-olds (85.2%) were cereal-dominated and infrequently contained micronutrient-rich ingredients. Only 3.1% of 6-23-month-olds consumed commercially produced infant cereal on the day preceding the interview. In contrast, commercially produced snack foods were consumed by 23.1% of 6-23-month-olds. Maternal exposure to commercial promotions of breastmilk substitutes and commercially produced complementary foods was low (10.5% and 1.0%, respectively), while exposure to promotions of commercially produced snack foods was high (45.9%). Strategies are needed to improve IYCF practices, particularly with regard to exclusive and continued breastfeeding, increased dietary diversity and consumption of micronutrient-rich foods, and avoidance of feeding commercially produced snack foods.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Consultant to Helen Keller International.Helen Keller International, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.Helen Keller International, Asia Pacific Regional Office, Phnom Penh, Cambodia.Helen Keller International, 1120 20th St, NW Suite 500 N, Washington, DC, 20036, USA.Helen Keller International, 1120 20th St, NW Suite 500 N, Washington, DC, 20036, USA.Consultant to Helen Keller International.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

27061958

Citation

Vitta, Bineti S., et al. "Infant and Young Child Feeding Practices Among Children Under 2 Years of Age and Maternal Exposure to Infant and Young Child Feeding Messages and Promotions in Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania." Maternal & Child Nutrition, vol. 12 Suppl 2, 2016, pp. 77-90.
Vitta BS, Benjamin M, Pries AM, et al. Infant and young child feeding practices among children under 2 years of age and maternal exposure to infant and young child feeding messages and promotions in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Matern Child Nutr. 2016;12 Suppl 2:77-90.
Vitta, B. S., Benjamin, M., Pries, A. M., Champeny, M., Zehner, E., & Huffman, S. L. (2016). Infant and young child feeding practices among children under 2 years of age and maternal exposure to infant and young child feeding messages and promotions in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Maternal & Child Nutrition, 12 Suppl 2, pp. 77-90. doi:10.1111/mcn.12292.
Vitta BS, et al. Infant and Young Child Feeding Practices Among Children Under 2 Years of Age and Maternal Exposure to Infant and Young Child Feeding Messages and Promotions in Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania. Matern Child Nutr. 2016;12 Suppl 2:77-90. PubMed PMID: 27061958.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Infant and young child feeding practices among children under 2 years of age and maternal exposure to infant and young child feeding messages and promotions in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. AU - Vitta,Bineti S, AU - Benjamin,Margaret, AU - Pries,Alissa M, AU - Champeny,Mary, AU - Zehner,Elizabeth, AU - Huffman,Sandra L, PY - 2016/4/11/entrez PY - 2016/4/12/pubmed PY - 2017/1/4/medline SP - 77 EP - 90 JF - Maternal & child nutrition JO - Matern Child Nutr VL - 12 Suppl 2 N2 - There are limited data describing infant and young child feeding practices (IYCF) in urban Tanzania. This study assessed the types of foods consumed by children under 2 years of age and maternal exposure to promotions of these foods in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. A cross-sectional survey was conducted among 305 mothers of children less than 24 months of age who attended child health services in October and November, 2014. Among infants less than 6 months of age, rates of exclusive breastfeeding were low (40.8%) and a high proportion (38.2%) received semi-solid foods. Continued breastfeeding among 20-23-month-olds was only 33.3%. Consumption of breastmilk substitutes was not prevalent, and only 3.9% of infants less than 6 months of age and 4.8% of 6-23 month-olds were fed formula. Among 6-23-month-olds, only 38.4% consumed a minimum acceptable diet (using a modified definition). The homemade complementary foods consumed by the majority of 6-23-month-olds (85.2%) were cereal-dominated and infrequently contained micronutrient-rich ingredients. Only 3.1% of 6-23-month-olds consumed commercially produced infant cereal on the day preceding the interview. In contrast, commercially produced snack foods were consumed by 23.1% of 6-23-month-olds. Maternal exposure to commercial promotions of breastmilk substitutes and commercially produced complementary foods was low (10.5% and 1.0%, respectively), while exposure to promotions of commercially produced snack foods was high (45.9%). Strategies are needed to improve IYCF practices, particularly with regard to exclusive and continued breastfeeding, increased dietary diversity and consumption of micronutrient-rich foods, and avoidance of feeding commercially produced snack foods. SN - 1740-8709 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/27061958/Infant_and_young_child_feeding_practices_among_children_under_2_years_of_age_and_maternal_exposure_to_infant_and_young_child_feeding_messages_and_promotions_in_Dar_es_Salaam_Tanzania_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1111/mcn.12292 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -