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The association of peer pressure and peer affiliation with the health risk behaviors of secondary school students in Hong Kong.
Public Health. 2016 Aug; 137:113-23.PH

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

The aim of this study was to explore the relationship between peer pressure and the health risk behaviors of secondary school students.

STUDY DESIGN

Cross-sectional study using a self-completed questionnaire.

METHODS

Secondary school students in Year 3 were the target population of this study. Information was solicited from students on their perceptions of peer pressure using a questionnaire employing the Peer Pressure Inventory and their involvement in risk behaviors using a modified global school-based student health survey.

RESULTS

A total of 840 secondary students from Hong Kong completed the questionnaires. The prevalence of secondary students who had ever smoked was 6.4%, consumed alcohol 39.2%, ever used drugs 0.5%, were sexually active 3.9%, and involved in bullying 20.5%. A higher proportion of secondary students involved in risk behaviors were affiliated with peers who were involved in the same activities: smoking (48.9%), drinking alcohol (86.5%), using drugs (18.2%), engaged in sexual activity (34.5%), and bullying (82.6%). The perception of peer conformity and peer involvement was found to be significantly correlated with the students' health risk behaviors, particularly with regard to smoking, drinking alcohol, and bullying. A logistic regression analysis showed that having friends who are involved in the same risk behaviors is the single most important factor associated with the participation of secondary students in those specific risk behaviors.

CONCLUSIONS

The results of this study provided a better understanding of the association between peer pressure and the adoption of health behaviors. The development of effective peer-led prevention programs to reduce the uptake of health risk behaviors should therefore be promoted to prevent adolescents from developing serious health problems.

Authors+Show Affiliations

School of Nursing, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hung Hom, Kowloon Hong Kong, China. Electronic address: alice.yuen.loke@polyu.edu.hk.School of Nursing, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hung Hom, Kowloon Hong Kong, China.School of Nursing, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hung Hom, Kowloon Hong Kong, China.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

27062065

Citation

Loke, A Y., et al. "The Association of Peer Pressure and Peer Affiliation With the Health Risk Behaviors of Secondary School Students in Hong Kong." Public Health, vol. 137, 2016, pp. 113-23.
Loke AY, Mak YW, Wu CS. The association of peer pressure and peer affiliation with the health risk behaviors of secondary school students in Hong Kong. Public Health. 2016;137:113-23.
Loke, A. Y., Mak, Y. W., & Wu, C. S. (2016). The association of peer pressure and peer affiliation with the health risk behaviors of secondary school students in Hong Kong. Public Health, 137, 113-23. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.puhe.2016.02.024
Loke AY, Mak YW, Wu CS. The Association of Peer Pressure and Peer Affiliation With the Health Risk Behaviors of Secondary School Students in Hong Kong. Public Health. 2016;137:113-23. PubMed PMID: 27062065.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The association of peer pressure and peer affiliation with the health risk behaviors of secondary school students in Hong Kong. AU - Loke,A Y, AU - Mak,Y W, AU - Wu,C S T, Y1 - 2016/04/06/ PY - 2014/08/12/received PY - 2015/09/22/revised PY - 2016/02/25/accepted PY - 2016/4/11/entrez PY - 2016/4/12/pubmed PY - 2017/4/4/medline KW - Health risk behaviors KW - Peer affiliation KW - Peer pressure KW - Substance use SP - 113 EP - 23 JF - Public health JO - Public Health VL - 137 N2 - OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore the relationship between peer pressure and the health risk behaviors of secondary school students. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study using a self-completed questionnaire. METHODS: Secondary school students in Year 3 were the target population of this study. Information was solicited from students on their perceptions of peer pressure using a questionnaire employing the Peer Pressure Inventory and their involvement in risk behaviors using a modified global school-based student health survey. RESULTS: A total of 840 secondary students from Hong Kong completed the questionnaires. The prevalence of secondary students who had ever smoked was 6.4%, consumed alcohol 39.2%, ever used drugs 0.5%, were sexually active 3.9%, and involved in bullying 20.5%. A higher proportion of secondary students involved in risk behaviors were affiliated with peers who were involved in the same activities: smoking (48.9%), drinking alcohol (86.5%), using drugs (18.2%), engaged in sexual activity (34.5%), and bullying (82.6%). The perception of peer conformity and peer involvement was found to be significantly correlated with the students' health risk behaviors, particularly with regard to smoking, drinking alcohol, and bullying. A logistic regression analysis showed that having friends who are involved in the same risk behaviors is the single most important factor associated with the participation of secondary students in those specific risk behaviors. CONCLUSIONS: The results of this study provided a better understanding of the association between peer pressure and the adoption of health behaviors. The development of effective peer-led prevention programs to reduce the uptake of health risk behaviors should therefore be promoted to prevent adolescents from developing serious health problems. SN - 1476-5616 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/27062065/The_association_of_peer_pressure_and_peer_affiliation_with_the_health_risk_behaviors_of_secondary_school_students_in_Hong_Kong_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0033-3506(16)00081-0 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -