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Macronutrient intake and food sources in the very old: analysis of the Newcastle 85+ Study.
Br J Nutr. 2016 06; 115(12):2170-80.BJ

Abstract

Food and nutrient intake data are scarce in very old adults (85 years and older) - one of the fastest growing age segments of Western societies, including the UK. Our primary objective was to assess energy and macronutrient intakes and respective food sources in 793 85-year-olds (302 men and 491 women) living in North-East England and participating in the Newcastle 85+ cohort Study. Dietary information was collected using a repeated multiple-pass recall (2×24 h recalls). Energy, macronutrient and NSP intakes were estimated, and the contribution (%) of food groups to nutrient intake was calculated. The median energy intake was 6·65 (interquartile ranges (IQR) 5·49-8·16) MJ/d - 46·8 % was from carbohydrates, 36·8 % from fats and 15·7 % from proteins. NSP intake was 10·2 g/d (IQR 7·3-13·7). NSP intake was higher in non-institutionalised, more educated, from higher social class and more physically active 85-year-olds. Cereals and cereal products were the top contributors to intakes of energy and most macronutrients (carbohydrates, non-milk extrinsic sugars, NSP and fat), followed by meat and meat products. The median intakes of energy and NSP were much lower than the estimated average requirement for energy (9·6 MJ/d for men and 7·7 MJ/d for women) and the dietary reference value (DRV) for NSP (≥18 g/d). The median SFA intake was higher than the DRV (≤11 % of dietary energy). This study highlights the paucity of data on dietary intake and the uncertainties about DRV for this age group.

Authors+Show Affiliations

1School of Agriculture Food and Rural Development,Newcastle University,Newcastle upon TyneNE1 7RU,UK.1School of Agriculture Food and Rural Development,Newcastle University,Newcastle upon TyneNE1 7RU,UK.2Newcastle University Institute for Ageing,Newcastle University,Newcastle upon Tyne NE2 4AX,UK.2Newcastle University Institute for Ageing,Newcastle University,Newcastle upon Tyne NE2 4AX,UK.2Newcastle University Institute for Ageing,Newcastle University,Newcastle upon Tyne NE2 4AX,UK.2Newcastle University Institute for Ageing,Newcastle University,Newcastle upon Tyne NE2 4AX,UK.2Newcastle University Institute for Ageing,Newcastle University,Newcastle upon Tyne NE2 4AX,UK.3Human Nutrition Research Centre,Newcastle University,Newcastle upon Tyne NE2 4HH,UK.1School of Agriculture Food and Rural Development,Newcastle University,Newcastle upon TyneNE1 7RU,UK.2Newcastle University Institute for Ageing,Newcastle University,Newcastle upon Tyne NE2 4AX,UK.2Newcastle University Institute for Ageing,Newcastle University,Newcastle upon Tyne NE2 4AX,UK.2Newcastle University Institute for Ageing,Newcastle University,Newcastle upon Tyne NE2 4AX,UK.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

27087119

Citation

Mendonça, Nuno, et al. "Macronutrient Intake and Food Sources in the Very Old: Analysis of the Newcastle 85+ Study." The British Journal of Nutrition, vol. 115, no. 12, 2016, pp. 2170-80.
Mendonça N, Hill TR, Granic A, et al. Macronutrient intake and food sources in the very old: analysis of the Newcastle 85+ Study. Br J Nutr. 2016;115(12):2170-80.
Mendonça, N., Hill, T. R., Granic, A., Davies, K., Collerton, J., Mathers, J. C., Siervo, M., Wrieden, W. L., Seal, C. J., Kirkwood, T. B., Jagger, C., & Adamson, A. J. (2016). Macronutrient intake and food sources in the very old: analysis of the Newcastle 85+ Study. The British Journal of Nutrition, 115(12), 2170-80. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0007114516001379
Mendonça N, et al. Macronutrient Intake and Food Sources in the Very Old: Analysis of the Newcastle 85+ Study. Br J Nutr. 2016;115(12):2170-80. PubMed PMID: 27087119.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Macronutrient intake and food sources in the very old: analysis of the Newcastle 85+ Study. AU - Mendonça,Nuno, AU - Hill,Tom R, AU - Granic,Antoneta, AU - Davies,Karen, AU - Collerton,Joanna, AU - Mathers,John C, AU - Siervo,Mario, AU - Wrieden,Wendy L, AU - Seal,Chris J, AU - Kirkwood,Thomas B L, AU - Jagger,Carol, AU - Adamson,Ashley J, Y1 - 2016/04/18/ PY - 2016/4/19/entrez PY - 2016/4/19/pubmed PY - 2017/5/4/medline KW - Aged 80 years and over KW - CCP cereals and cereal products KW - DRV dietary reference value KW - Dietary intakes KW - EAR estimated average requirement KW - EI energy intake KW - NDNS National Diet and Nutrition Survey KW - NMES non-milk extrinsic sugars KW - NS-SEC National Statistics Socio-Economic Classification KW - Newcastle 85+ Study KW - Very old adults SP - 2170 EP - 80 JF - The British journal of nutrition JO - Br. J. Nutr. VL - 115 IS - 12 N2 - Food and nutrient intake data are scarce in very old adults (85 years and older) - one of the fastest growing age segments of Western societies, including the UK. Our primary objective was to assess energy and macronutrient intakes and respective food sources in 793 85-year-olds (302 men and 491 women) living in North-East England and participating in the Newcastle 85+ cohort Study. Dietary information was collected using a repeated multiple-pass recall (2×24 h recalls). Energy, macronutrient and NSP intakes were estimated, and the contribution (%) of food groups to nutrient intake was calculated. The median energy intake was 6·65 (interquartile ranges (IQR) 5·49-8·16) MJ/d - 46·8 % was from carbohydrates, 36·8 % from fats and 15·7 % from proteins. NSP intake was 10·2 g/d (IQR 7·3-13·7). NSP intake was higher in non-institutionalised, more educated, from higher social class and more physically active 85-year-olds. Cereals and cereal products were the top contributors to intakes of energy and most macronutrients (carbohydrates, non-milk extrinsic sugars, NSP and fat), followed by meat and meat products. The median intakes of energy and NSP were much lower than the estimated average requirement for energy (9·6 MJ/d for men and 7·7 MJ/d for women) and the dietary reference value (DRV) for NSP (≥18 g/d). The median SFA intake was higher than the DRV (≤11 % of dietary energy). This study highlights the paucity of data on dietary intake and the uncertainties about DRV for this age group. SN - 1475-2662 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/27087119/Macronutrient_intake_and_food_sources_in_the_very_old:_analysis_of_the_Newcastle_85+_Study_ L2 - https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S0007114516001379/type/journal_article DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -