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Psychomotor development and learning difficulties in preschool children with probable attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: An epidemiological study in Navarre and La Rioja.
Neurologia. 2017 Oct; 32(8):487-493.N

Abstract

INTRODUCTION

ADHD symptoms begin to appear at preschool age. ADHD may have a significant negative impact on academic performance. In Spain, there are no standardized tools for detecting ADHD at preschool age, nor is there data about the incidence of this disorder.

OBJECTIVE

To evaluate developmental factors and learning difficulties associated with probable ADHD and to assess the impact of ADHD in school performance.

METHODS

We conducted a population-based study with a stratified multistage proportional cluster sample design.

RESULTS

We found significant differences between probable ADHD and parents' perception of difficulties in expressive language, comprehension, and fine motor skills, as well as in emotions, concentration, behaviour, and relationships. Around 34% of preschool children with probable ADHD showed global learning difficulties, mainly in patients with the inattentive type. According to the multivariate analysis, learning difficulties were significantly associated with both delayed psychomotor development during the first 3 years of life (OR: 5.57) as assessed by parents, and probable ADHD (OR: 2.34) CONCLUSIONS: There is a connection between probable ADHD in preschool children and parents' perception of difficulties in several dimensions of development and learning. Early detection of ADHD at preschool ages is necessary to start prompt and effective clinical and educational interventions.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Unidad de Psiquiatría del niño y del adolescente, Departamento de Psiquiatría y Psicología Médica, Clínica Universidad de Navarra, Pamplona, Navarra, España; Instituto de Investigación de Salud de Navarra (IDISNA), Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria de Navarra, Pamplona, Navarra, España. Electronic address: jmarinme@unav.es.Centro de Salud Labradores, Logroño, La Rioja, España.Centro de Salud Mendillorri, Pamplona, Navarra, España.Unidad de Psiquiatría del niño y del adolescente, Departamento de Psiquiatría y Psicología Médica, Clínica Universidad de Navarra, Pamplona, Navarra, España; Instituto de Investigación de Salud de Navarra (IDISNA), Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria de Navarra, Pamplona, Navarra, España.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng spa

PubMed ID

27091681

Citation

Marín-Méndez, J J., et al. "Psychomotor Development and Learning Difficulties in Preschool Children With Probable Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: an Epidemiological Study in Navarre and La Rioja." Neurologia (Barcelona, Spain), vol. 32, no. 8, 2017, pp. 487-493.
Marín-Méndez JJ, Borra-Ruiz MC, Álvarez-Gómez MJ, et al. Psychomotor development and learning difficulties in preschool children with probable attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: An epidemiological study in Navarre and La Rioja. Neurologia. 2017;32(8):487-493.
Marín-Méndez, J. J., Borra-Ruiz, M. C., Álvarez-Gómez, M. J., & Soutullo Esperón, C. (2017). Psychomotor development and learning difficulties in preschool children with probable attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: An epidemiological study in Navarre and La Rioja. Neurologia (Barcelona, Spain), 32(8), 487-493. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nrl.2016.02.009
Marín-Méndez JJ, et al. Psychomotor Development and Learning Difficulties in Preschool Children With Probable Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: an Epidemiological Study in Navarre and La Rioja. Neurologia. 2017;32(8):487-493. PubMed PMID: 27091681.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Psychomotor development and learning difficulties in preschool children with probable attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: An epidemiological study in Navarre and La Rioja. AU - Marín-Méndez,J J, AU - Borra-Ruiz,M C, AU - Álvarez-Gómez,M J, AU - Soutullo Esperón,C, Y1 - 2016/04/15/ PY - 2015/11/19/received PY - 2016/02/12/revised PY - 2016/02/23/accepted PY - 2016/4/20/pubmed PY - 2018/6/21/medline PY - 2016/4/20/entrez KW - Aprendizaje KW - Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Rating Scale IV KW - Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Rating Scale-IV Versión Preescolares en español KW - Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder KW - Desarrollo KW - Development KW - Learning KW - Preescolares KW - Preschool KW - Trastorno por déficit de atención e hiperactividad SP - 487 EP - 493 JF - Neurologia (Barcelona, Spain) JO - Neurologia VL - 32 IS - 8 N2 - INTRODUCTION: ADHD symptoms begin to appear at preschool age. ADHD may have a significant negative impact on academic performance. In Spain, there are no standardized tools for detecting ADHD at preschool age, nor is there data about the incidence of this disorder. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate developmental factors and learning difficulties associated with probable ADHD and to assess the impact of ADHD in school performance. METHODS: We conducted a population-based study with a stratified multistage proportional cluster sample design. RESULTS: We found significant differences between probable ADHD and parents' perception of difficulties in expressive language, comprehension, and fine motor skills, as well as in emotions, concentration, behaviour, and relationships. Around 34% of preschool children with probable ADHD showed global learning difficulties, mainly in patients with the inattentive type. According to the multivariate analysis, learning difficulties were significantly associated with both delayed psychomotor development during the first 3 years of life (OR: 5.57) as assessed by parents, and probable ADHD (OR: 2.34) CONCLUSIONS: There is a connection between probable ADHD in preschool children and parents' perception of difficulties in several dimensions of development and learning. Early detection of ADHD at preschool ages is necessary to start prompt and effective clinical and educational interventions. SN - 1578-1968 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/27091681/Psychomotor_development_and_learning_difficulties_in_preschool_children_with_probable_attention_deficit_hyperactivity_disorder:_An_epidemiological_study_in_Navarre_and_La_Rioja_ L2 - http://www.elsevier.es/en/linksolver/ft/pii/S0213-4853(16)00118-3 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -