The roles of selenium, insulin-like growth factor binding protein 2 and suppressor of cytokine signaling 3 in the pathogenesis of Kashin-Beck disease.Biomarkers. 2016 Jul; 21(5):409-15.B
We aimed to verify the levels of IGFBP2 and SOCS3 in cartilage and chondrocytes of Kashin-Beck disease (KBD) patients and the effects of different selenium concentrations on the protein expression levels. Chondrocytes were cultured with sodium selenite in vitro. Immunohistochemistry and western blotting were used to verify the protein expressions. IGFBP2 and SOCS3 were up-regulated in KBD chondrocytes and decreased with increasing selenium concentrations. IGFBP2 expressed highest in the middle zone of KBD cartilage, SOCS3 expressed higher in the middle and deep zone. IGFBP2 and SOCS3 may be the biomarkers for KBD diagnosis and evaluating the effect of selenium supplement.