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[25 Years After Re-Unification of Germany: An Overview on Eastern German Psychiatry. Part 1: Post-War Era, Pavlovization, Psychopharmacological Era and Social Psychiatric Reform Movement].
Fortschr Neurol Psychiatr. 2016 Apr; 84(4):196-210.FN

Abstract

This is the first of a 2-part study on the history of psychiatry in Eastern Germany, i. e. the Soviet Occupied Zone and later German Democratic Republic. It mainly covers the years post World War II up until the beginning of the 1970s. The first post-war years were determined by the new power holders' attempts to overcome National Socialist (Nazi) heritage and to re-organize mental health and care in general. The doctrine of a strict denazifization in East Germany must, however, be regarded as a myth. Promoted by centralized organization, there was an increase in communist party-ideological influence and harassment as well as aligning scientific views and research with Soviet paradigms (Pavlovization) during the 1950s and early 1960s. This, however, led to an enormous rise in exodus of skilled labor to West Germany, which in turn further increased the notorious lack of staff. After the erection of the inner-German wall, this problem was mitigated, yet never fully solved over the 40 years of the existence of the GDR. Despite adverse conditions, East German psychiatrists made major original contributions to the development of psychiatry in general, at least up until the 1960s. Academic psychiatry was mainly based on biological concepts that were further promoted by new somatic and psychopharmacological therapeutic options. In the 1960s, social psychiatric reformist forces emerged, primarily in the large psychiatric hospitals. The improvements achieved by these forces, however, were not implemented on a nation-wide scale, but mainly restricted to one particular or several institutions.

Authors

No affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Biography
Historical Article
Journal Article

Language

ger

PubMed ID

27100844

Citation

Steinberg, H. "[25 Years After Re-Unification of Germany: an Overview On Eastern German Psychiatry. Part 1: Post-War Era, Pavlovization, Psychopharmacological Era and Social Psychiatric Reform Movement]." Fortschritte Der Neurologie-Psychiatrie, vol. 84, no. 4, 2016, pp. 196-210.
Steinberg H. [25 Years After Re-Unification of Germany: An Overview on Eastern German Psychiatry. Part 1: Post-War Era, Pavlovization, Psychopharmacological Era and Social Psychiatric Reform Movement]. Fortschr Neurol Psychiatr. 2016;84(4):196-210.
Steinberg, H. (2016). [25 Years After Re-Unification of Germany: An Overview on Eastern German Psychiatry. Part 1: Post-War Era, Pavlovization, Psychopharmacological Era and Social Psychiatric Reform Movement]. Fortschritte Der Neurologie-Psychiatrie, 84(4), 196-210. https://doi.org/10.1055/s-0042-105515
Steinberg H. [25 Years After Re-Unification of Germany: an Overview On Eastern German Psychiatry. Part 1: Post-War Era, Pavlovization, Psychopharmacological Era and Social Psychiatric Reform Movement]. Fortschr Neurol Psychiatr. 2016;84(4):196-210. PubMed PMID: 27100844.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - [25 Years After Re-Unification of Germany: An Overview on Eastern German Psychiatry. Part 1: Post-War Era, Pavlovization, Psychopharmacological Era and Social Psychiatric Reform Movement]. A1 - Steinberg,H, Y1 - 2016/04/21/ PY - 2016/4/22/entrez PY - 2016/4/23/pubmed PY - 2017/8/18/medline SP - 196 EP - 210 JF - Fortschritte der Neurologie-Psychiatrie JO - Fortschr Neurol Psychiatr VL - 84 IS - 4 N2 - This is the first of a 2-part study on the history of psychiatry in Eastern Germany, i. e. the Soviet Occupied Zone and later German Democratic Republic. It mainly covers the years post World War II up until the beginning of the 1970s. The first post-war years were determined by the new power holders' attempts to overcome National Socialist (Nazi) heritage and to re-organize mental health and care in general. The doctrine of a strict denazifization in East Germany must, however, be regarded as a myth. Promoted by centralized organization, there was an increase in communist party-ideological influence and harassment as well as aligning scientific views and research with Soviet paradigms (Pavlovization) during the 1950s and early 1960s. This, however, led to an enormous rise in exodus of skilled labor to West Germany, which in turn further increased the notorious lack of staff. After the erection of the inner-German wall, this problem was mitigated, yet never fully solved over the 40 years of the existence of the GDR. Despite adverse conditions, East German psychiatrists made major original contributions to the development of psychiatry in general, at least up until the 1960s. Academic psychiatry was mainly based on biological concepts that were further promoted by new somatic and psychopharmacological therapeutic options. In the 1960s, social psychiatric reformist forces emerged, primarily in the large psychiatric hospitals. The improvements achieved by these forces, however, were not implemented on a nation-wide scale, but mainly restricted to one particular or several institutions. SN - 1439-3522 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/27100844/[25_Years_After_Re_Unification_of_Germany:_An_Overview_on_Eastern_German_Psychiatry__Part_1:_Post_War_Era_Pavlovization_Psychopharmacological_Era_and_Social_Psychiatric_Reform_Movement]_ L2 - http://www.thieme-connect.com/DOI/DOI?10.1055/s-0042-105515 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -