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Implementation of the Tobacco-Free Campus Policy on College Campuses: Evidence From a Survey of College Students in Beijing.
Nicotine Tob Res 2016; 18(11):2083-2091NT

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

China issued a nationwide "Tobacco-Free Campus" Policy (TFCP) in January 2014, but it is unclear how well it was implemented across China's 2138 college campuses. We conducted an Internet survey of Beijing college students to evaluate the implementation of the TFCP in Beijing.

METHODS

An Internet survey of 711 students from 37 colleges in Beijing was conducted in May 2015. Respondents reported on secondhand smoking (SHS) exposure on campus, knowledge on and actions taken against SHS, and tobacco marketing exposure on campus.

RESULTS

Almost 90% of respondents were exposed to SHS on campus at least once in the past month. Approximately 37% of nonsmokers and 61% of smokers reported seeing a teacher smoking, and the majority of both smokers and nonsmokers reported seeing a classmate smoking in campus buildings. The likelihood and location of SHS exposure depend on the participant's demographics and own smoking behavior. Nonsmokers were more likely to be aware of the health risk of SHS than smokers. Although most participants were aware of the harms, only 13% and 9% tried to stop their last SHS exposure indoors and outdoors, respectively. Forty-seven students from 14 colleges noticed tobacco marketing activities on campus.

CONCLUSIONS

The TFCP on Chinese college campuses was only partially enforced, particularly with regard to SHS.

IMPLICATIONS

On January 29, 2014, the Chinese Ministry of Education issued the TFCP. A major barrier to effective tobacco control in China is the difficulty in implementing policies issued by the central government. At this point, it is unclear whether the TFCP was successfully implemented on China's college campuses. Major tobacco use monitoring efforts do not include college students. The present research describes the current tobacco control environment on Beijing's college campuses 15 months after the TFCP took effect. To our knowledge, this is the first paper in the English literature on tobacco environment and exposure (rather than a prevalence survey) of college students in China.

Authors+Show Affiliations

RAND Corporation, Pittsburgh, PA.Key Laboratory of Behavior Science, Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, P.R. China; liangzy@psych.ac.cn.Key Laboratory of Behavior Science, Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, P.R. China.RAND Corporation, Pittsburgh, PA.Key Laboratory of Behavior Science, Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, P.R. China.School of Psychology, Beijing Normal University, Beijing, P.R. China.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

27121363

Citation

Gong, Min, et al. "Implementation of the Tobacco-Free Campus Policy On College Campuses: Evidence From a Survey of College Students in Beijing." Nicotine & Tobacco Research : Official Journal of the Society for Research On Nicotine and Tobacco, vol. 18, no. 11, 2016, pp. 2083-2091.
Gong M, Liang ZY, Zhang YY, et al. Implementation of the Tobacco-Free Campus Policy on College Campuses: Evidence From a Survey of College Students in Beijing. Nicotine Tob Res. 2016;18(11):2083-2091.
Gong, M., Liang, Z. Y., Zhang, Y. Y., Shadel, W. G., Zhou, L., & Xiao, J. (2016). Implementation of the Tobacco-Free Campus Policy on College Campuses: Evidence From a Survey of College Students in Beijing. Nicotine & Tobacco Research : Official Journal of the Society for Research On Nicotine and Tobacco, 18(11), pp. 2083-2091.
Gong M, et al. Implementation of the Tobacco-Free Campus Policy On College Campuses: Evidence From a Survey of College Students in Beijing. Nicotine Tob Res. 2016;18(11):2083-2091. PubMed PMID: 27121363.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Implementation of the Tobacco-Free Campus Policy on College Campuses: Evidence From a Survey of College Students in Beijing. AU - Gong,Min, AU - Liang,Zhu-Yuan, AU - Zhang,Yang-Yang, AU - Shadel,William G, AU - Zhou,Lei, AU - Xiao,Jiaying, Y1 - 2016/04/27/ PY - 2015/11/12/received PY - 2016/04/23/accepted PY - 2016/4/29/pubmed PY - 2017/9/28/medline PY - 2016/4/29/entrez SP - 2083 EP - 2091 JF - Nicotine & tobacco research : official journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco JO - Nicotine Tob. Res. VL - 18 IS - 11 N2 - OBJECTIVE: China issued a nationwide "Tobacco-Free Campus" Policy (TFCP) in January 2014, but it is unclear how well it was implemented across China's 2138 college campuses. We conducted an Internet survey of Beijing college students to evaluate the implementation of the TFCP in Beijing. METHODS: An Internet survey of 711 students from 37 colleges in Beijing was conducted in May 2015. Respondents reported on secondhand smoking (SHS) exposure on campus, knowledge on and actions taken against SHS, and tobacco marketing exposure on campus. RESULTS: Almost 90% of respondents were exposed to SHS on campus at least once in the past month. Approximately 37% of nonsmokers and 61% of smokers reported seeing a teacher smoking, and the majority of both smokers and nonsmokers reported seeing a classmate smoking in campus buildings. The likelihood and location of SHS exposure depend on the participant's demographics and own smoking behavior. Nonsmokers were more likely to be aware of the health risk of SHS than smokers. Although most participants were aware of the harms, only 13% and 9% tried to stop their last SHS exposure indoors and outdoors, respectively. Forty-seven students from 14 colleges noticed tobacco marketing activities on campus. CONCLUSIONS: The TFCP on Chinese college campuses was only partially enforced, particularly with regard to SHS. IMPLICATIONS: On January 29, 2014, the Chinese Ministry of Education issued the TFCP. A major barrier to effective tobacco control in China is the difficulty in implementing policies issued by the central government. At this point, it is unclear whether the TFCP was successfully implemented on China's college campuses. Major tobacco use monitoring efforts do not include college students. The present research describes the current tobacco control environment on Beijing's college campuses 15 months after the TFCP took effect. To our knowledge, this is the first paper in the English literature on tobacco environment and exposure (rather than a prevalence survey) of college students in China. SN - 1469-994X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/27121363/Implementation_of_the_Tobacco_Free_Campus_Policy_on_College_Campuses:_Evidence_From_a_Survey_of_College_Students_in_Beijing_ L2 - https://academic.oup.com/ntr/article-lookup/doi/10.1093/ntr/ntw125 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -