The potential mechanism of Bawei Xileisan in the treatment of dextran sulfate sodium-induced ulcerative colitis in mice.J Ethnopharmacol 2016; 188:31-8JE
Bawei Xileisan (BXS), a traditional Chinese compound medicine, has been historically used in the treatment of ulcers and inflammation. BXS is also used as a topical agent for the treatment of ulcerative colitis in China. The underlying mechanism, however, remains elusive.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
Thirty-six female C57BL/6 mice with average weight of 20±2g were used for an in vivo study. The present work was conducted in accordance with the protocols approved by the Ethics Committee of Animal Experiments of Lanzhou University. The mice were induced to develop acute colitis by treating these with 3% dextran sulfate sodium (DSS) solution for 5 days. Subsequently, BXS (200,400mg/kg) was rectally administered daily for one week. All mice were killed at day 12 and their body weight, colon length, and histological changes were all recorded. Serum T helper 17 (Th17) cytokine levels were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Th17 and regulatory T cell (Treg) in splenocyte mononuclear cells were isolated and identified via flow cytometry. Stool DNA was extracted and the absolute number of Bacteroides and Lactobacillus were measured by using real-time Q-PCR.
Shortened colon and damaged tissue structure were profoundly ameliorated by BXS enema. The expression level of Th17-related cytokines IL-17A/F and IL-22 was significantly and dose-dependently reduced, resulting in the restoration of Th17/Treg balance. Moreover, BXS also improved the feces Lactobacillus levels and manifested beneficial effects on Bacteroides.
The findings of the present study suggest that BXS is curative in a mouse model of ulcerative colitis, and the underlying mechanism might involve disruption of the Th17 pathway and the induction of a Th17/Treg imbalance, as well as an the development of an opsonic effect on specific gut microbiota.