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Short-term inspiratory muscle training potentiates the benefits of aerobic and resistance training in patients undergoing CABG in phase II cardiac rehabilitation program.
Rev Bras Cir Cardiovasc 2015 Jul-Aug; 30(4):474-81RB

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To investigate the efficiency of short-term inspiratory muscle training program associated with combined aerobic and resistance exercise on respiratory muscle strength, functional capacity and quality of life in patients who underwent coronary artery bypass and are in the phase II cardiac rehabilitation program.

METHODS

A prospective, quasi-experimental study with 24 patients who underwent coronary artery bypass and were randomly assigned to two groups in the Phase II cardiac rehabilitation program: inspiratory muscle training program associated with combined training (aerobic and resistance) group (GCR + IMT, n=12) and combined training with respiratory exercises group (GCR, n=12), over a period of 12 weeks, with two sessions per week. Before and after intervention, the following measurements were obtained: maximal inspiratory and expiratory pressures (PImax and PEmax), peak oxygen consumption (peak VO2) and quality of life scores. Data were compared between pre- and post-intervention at baseline and the variation between the pre- and post-phase II cardiac rehabilitation program using the Student's t-test, except the categorical variables, which were compared using the Chi-square test. Values of P<0.05 were considered statistically significant.

RESULTS

Compared to GCR, the GCR + IMT group showed larger increments in PImax (P<0.001), PEmax (P<0.001), peak VO2 (P<0.001) and quality of life scores (P<0.001).

CONCLUSION

The present study demonstrated that the addition of inspiratory muscle training, even when applied for a short period, may potentiate the effects of combined aerobic and resistance training, becoming a simple and inexpensive strategy for patients who underwent coronary artery bypass and are in phase II cardiac rehabilitation.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, Santa Maria, RS, Brazil.Department of Physiotherapy, Universidade de Santa Cruz do Sul, Santa Cruz do Sul, RS, Brazil.Department of Physiotherapy, Centro Universitário Franciscano, UNIFRA, Santa Maria, RS, Brazil.Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, Santa Maria, RS, Brazil.Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, Santa Maria, RS, Brazil.Cardiac Rehabilitation Program, Hospital Universitário de Santa Maria, Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, Santa Maria, RS, Brazil.Department of Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation, Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, Santa Maria, RS, Brazil.Department of Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation, Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, Santa Maria, RS, Brazil.

Pub Type(s)

Clinical Trial, Phase II
Journal Article
Randomized Controlled Trial
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

27163422

Citation

Hermes, Bárbara Maria, et al. "Short-term Inspiratory Muscle Training Potentiates the Benefits of Aerobic and Resistance Training in Patients Undergoing CABG in Phase II Cardiac Rehabilitation Program." Revista Brasileira De Cirurgia Cardiovascular : Orgao Oficial Da Sociedade Brasileira De Cirurgia Cardiovascular, vol. 30, no. 4, 2015, pp. 474-81.
Hermes BM, Cardoso DM, Gomes TJ, et al. Short-term inspiratory muscle training potentiates the benefits of aerobic and resistance training in patients undergoing CABG in phase II cardiac rehabilitation program. Rev Bras Cir Cardiovasc. 2015;30(4):474-81.
Hermes, B. M., Cardoso, D. M., Gomes, T. J., Santos, T. D., Vicente, M. S., Pereira, S. N., ... Albuquerque, I. M. (2015). Short-term inspiratory muscle training potentiates the benefits of aerobic and resistance training in patients undergoing CABG in phase II cardiac rehabilitation program. Revista Brasileira De Cirurgia Cardiovascular : Orgao Oficial Da Sociedade Brasileira De Cirurgia Cardiovascular, 30(4), pp. 474-81. doi:10.5935/1678-9741.20150043.
Hermes BM, et al. Short-term Inspiratory Muscle Training Potentiates the Benefits of Aerobic and Resistance Training in Patients Undergoing CABG in Phase II Cardiac Rehabilitation Program. Rev Bras Cir Cardiovasc. 2015;30(4):474-81. PubMed PMID: 27163422.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Short-term inspiratory muscle training potentiates the benefits of aerobic and resistance training in patients undergoing CABG in phase II cardiac rehabilitation program. AU - Hermes,Bárbara Maria, AU - Cardoso,Dannuey Machado, AU - Gomes,Tiago José Nardi, AU - Santos,Tamires Daros dos, AU - Vicente,Marília Severo, AU - Pereira,Sérgio Nunes, AU - Barbosa,Viviane Acunha, AU - Albuquerque,Isabella Martins de, PY - 2015/03/23/received PY - 2015/06/21/accepted PY - 2016/5/11/entrez PY - 2016/5/11/pubmed PY - 2016/7/28/medline SP - 474 EP - 81 JF - Revista brasileira de cirurgia cardiovascular : orgao oficial da Sociedade Brasileira de Cirurgia Cardiovascular JO - Rev Bras Cir Cardiovasc VL - 30 IS - 4 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To investigate the efficiency of short-term inspiratory muscle training program associated with combined aerobic and resistance exercise on respiratory muscle strength, functional capacity and quality of life in patients who underwent coronary artery bypass and are in the phase II cardiac rehabilitation program. METHODS: A prospective, quasi-experimental study with 24 patients who underwent coronary artery bypass and were randomly assigned to two groups in the Phase II cardiac rehabilitation program: inspiratory muscle training program associated with combined training (aerobic and resistance) group (GCR + IMT, n=12) and combined training with respiratory exercises group (GCR, n=12), over a period of 12 weeks, with two sessions per week. Before and after intervention, the following measurements were obtained: maximal inspiratory and expiratory pressures (PImax and PEmax), peak oxygen consumption (peak VO2) and quality of life scores. Data were compared between pre- and post-intervention at baseline and the variation between the pre- and post-phase II cardiac rehabilitation program using the Student's t-test, except the categorical variables, which were compared using the Chi-square test. Values of P<0.05 were considered statistically significant. RESULTS: Compared to GCR, the GCR + IMT group showed larger increments in PImax (P<0.001), PEmax (P<0.001), peak VO2 (P<0.001) and quality of life scores (P<0.001). CONCLUSION: The present study demonstrated that the addition of inspiratory muscle training, even when applied for a short period, may potentiate the effects of combined aerobic and resistance training, becoming a simple and inexpensive strategy for patients who underwent coronary artery bypass and are in phase II cardiac rehabilitation. UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/27163422/Short_term_inspiratory_muscle_training_potentiates_the_benefits_of_aerobic_and_resistance_training_in_patients_undergoing_CABG_in_phase_II_cardiac_rehabilitation_program_ L2 - https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/pmid/27163422/ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -