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Fatty acids, essential oil and phenolics composition of Silybum marianum seeds and their antioxidant activities.
Pak J Pharm Sci. 2016 May; 29(3):953-9.PJ

Abstract

The presentstudydescribes the biochemical evaluation of Silybum marianum seed. The analysis of essential oil composition of Silybum marianum seed by Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry GC-MS showed the presence of14 volatile components with the predominance of γ-cadinene (49.8%) and α-pinene (24.5%). Whereas, the analysis of fatty acids composition, showed the predominance of linoleic (50.5%) and oleic (30.2%) acids. Silybum marainum presented also an important polyphenol contents with 29mgGAE/g DW, a good antiradical activity (CI(50)=39μg/ml) but a lower reducing power ability. Flavonoid and condensed tannin contents were about 3.39mg EC/g DW and 1.8mg EC/gDW, respectively. The main phenolic compounds identified by RP-HPLC, were silybin A (12.2%), silybin B (17.67%), isosilybin A (21.9%), isosilybin B (12.8%), silychristin (7.9%) andsilydianin (7.5%).

Authors+Show Affiliations

Institut Supérieur de Biotechnologie de Béja, Université de Jendouba, Tunisia / Laboratoire des Plantes Extrémophiles, centre de biotechnologie, Technopole de BorjCedria, Tunisia.Institut Supérieur de Biotechnologie de Béja, Université de Jendouba, Tunisia / Ecole Supérieure des Sciences et Techniques de la santé de Monastir. Université Monastir, Tunisia.Laboratoire des Plantes Extrémophiles, centre de biotechnologie, Technopole de BorjCedria, Tunisia.Laboratoire des Plantes Extrémophiles, centre de biotechnologie, Technopole de BorjCedria, Tunisia.Unité des Plantes Aromatiques et Médicinales, Centre de Biotechnologie, Technopole de BorjCedria.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

27166539

Citation

Mhamdi, Baya, et al. "Fatty Acids, Essential Oil and Phenolics Composition of Silybum Marianum Seeds and Their Antioxidant Activities." Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences, vol. 29, no. 3, 2016, pp. 953-9.
Mhamdi B, Abbassi F, Smaoui A, et al. Fatty acids, essential oil and phenolics composition of Silybum marianum seeds and their antioxidant activities. Pak J Pharm Sci. 2016;29(3):953-9.
Mhamdi, B., Abbassi, F., Smaoui, A., Abdelly, C., & Marzouk, B. (2016). Fatty acids, essential oil and phenolics composition of Silybum marianum seeds and their antioxidant activities. Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences, 29(3), 953-9.
Mhamdi B, et al. Fatty Acids, Essential Oil and Phenolics Composition of Silybum Marianum Seeds and Their Antioxidant Activities. Pak J Pharm Sci. 2016;29(3):953-9. PubMed PMID: 27166539.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Fatty acids, essential oil and phenolics composition of Silybum marianum seeds and their antioxidant activities. AU - Mhamdi,Baya, AU - Abbassi,Feten, AU - Smaoui,Abderrazak, AU - Abdelly,Chedly, AU - Marzouk,Brahim, PY - 2016/5/12/entrez PY - 2016/5/12/pubmed PY - 2016/8/11/medline SP - 953 EP - 9 JF - Pakistan journal of pharmaceutical sciences JO - Pak J Pharm Sci VL - 29 IS - 3 N2 - The presentstudydescribes the biochemical evaluation of Silybum marianum seed. The analysis of essential oil composition of Silybum marianum seed by Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry GC-MS showed the presence of14 volatile components with the predominance of γ-cadinene (49.8%) and α-pinene (24.5%). Whereas, the analysis of fatty acids composition, showed the predominance of linoleic (50.5%) and oleic (30.2%) acids. Silybum marainum presented also an important polyphenol contents with 29mgGAE/g DW, a good antiradical activity (CI(50)=39μg/ml) but a lower reducing power ability. Flavonoid and condensed tannin contents were about 3.39mg EC/g DW and 1.8mg EC/gDW, respectively. The main phenolic compounds identified by RP-HPLC, were silybin A (12.2%), silybin B (17.67%), isosilybin A (21.9%), isosilybin B (12.8%), silychristin (7.9%) andsilydianin (7.5%). SN - 1011-601X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/27166539/Fatty_acids_essential_oil_and_phenolics_composition_of_Silybum_marianum_seeds_and_their_antioxidant_activities_ L2 - https://medlineplus.gov/antioxidants.html DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -