Clivus height value: a new diagnostic method for basilar invagination at CT.Clin Radiol. 2016 Nov; 71(11):1200.e1-5.CR
To investigate whether clivus height (CH; the distance of the basion above Chamberlain's line) could be used to diagnose basilar invagination (BI) at computed tomography (CT).
MATERIALS AND METHODS
This retrospective study received institutional review board approval, and was performed from 1 January 2013, to 1 July 2015 with a waiver of informed consent. CH was measured on mid-sagittal reconstructed CT images from 65 BI patients and 85 control subjects to compare the two groups by using the independent-samples t-test. Inter- and intra-observer reliability were evaluated with the intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC). To evaluate the diagnostic performance and determine the cut-off value of CH, receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were utilised.
The measurement of CH showed good inter- and intra-observer agreement (ICC=0.96 and 0.98, respectively). Compared with control subjects whose mean CH value was 0.35±0.29 cm (range, -0.18 to 1.2 cm), BI patients had a significantly (p<0.001) larger CH, 1.2±0.55 cm (range, 0.43-3.2 cm). The area under the ROC curve was 0.949 (95% confidence interval: 0.916, 0.982), and based on the cut-off value of 0.65 cm, the sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value were 0.88 (57/65), 0.88 (75/85), 0.85 (57/67), and 0.91 (75/82), respectively.
Although not better than CL (the distance of the odontoid tip above Chamberlain's line), measurement of CH at CT is reproducible and can diagnose patients with BI.