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Detection of the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome-Related Coronavirus and Alphacoronavirus in the Bat Population of Taiwan.
Zoonoses Public Health. 2016 12; 63(8):608-615.ZP

Abstract

Bats have been demonstrated to be natural reservoirs of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus (SARS CoV) and Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) CoV. Faecal samples from 248 individuals of 20 bat species were tested for partial RNA-dependent RNA polymerase gene of CoV and 57 faecal samples from eight bat species were tested positive. The highest detection rate of 44% for Scotophilus kuhlii, followed by 30% for Rhinolophus monoceros. Significantly higher detection rates of coronaviral RNA were found in female bats and Scotophilus kuhlii roosting in palm trees. Phylogenetic analysis classified the positive samples into SARS-related (SARSr) CoV, Scotophilus bat CoV 512 close to those from China and Philippines, and Miniopterus bat CoV 1A-related lineages. Coronaviral RNA was also detected in bat guano from Scotophilus kuhlii and Myotis formosus flavus on the ground and had potential risk for human exposure. Diverse bat CoV with zoonotic potential could be introduced by migratory bats and maintained in the endemic bat population in Taiwan.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Bioscience Technology, Chung Yuan Christian University, Taoyuan, Taiwan.Department of Bioscience Technology, Chung Yuan Christian University, Taoyuan, Taiwan.Institute of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan.Endemic Species Research Institute, Council of Agriculture, Nantou, Taiwan.Endemic Species Research Institute, Council of Agriculture, Nantou, Taiwan.Department of Applied Mathematics, Chung Yuan Christian University, Taoyuan, Taiwan.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

27178103

Citation

Chen, Y-N, et al. "Detection of the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome-Related Coronavirus and Alphacoronavirus in the Bat Population of Taiwan." Zoonoses and Public Health, vol. 63, no. 8, 2016, pp. 608-615.
Chen YN, Phuong VN, Chen HC, et al. Detection of the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome-Related Coronavirus and Alphacoronavirus in the Bat Population of Taiwan. Zoonoses Public Health. 2016;63(8):608-615.
Chen, Y. N., Phuong, V. N., Chen, H. C., Chou, C. H., Cheng, H. C., & Wu, C. H. (2016). Detection of the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome-Related Coronavirus and Alphacoronavirus in the Bat Population of Taiwan. Zoonoses and Public Health, 63(8), 608-615. https://doi.org/10.1111/zph.12271
Chen YN, et al. Detection of the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome-Related Coronavirus and Alphacoronavirus in the Bat Population of Taiwan. Zoonoses Public Health. 2016;63(8):608-615. PubMed PMID: 27178103.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Detection of the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome-Related Coronavirus and Alphacoronavirus in the Bat Population of Taiwan. AU - Chen,Y-N, AU - Phuong,V N, AU - Chen,H C, AU - Chou,C-H, AU - Cheng,H-C, AU - Wu,C-H, Y1 - 2016/05/13/ PY - 2015/12/02/received PY - 2016/5/15/pubmed PY - 2017/9/14/medline PY - 2016/5/15/entrez KW - Chiroptera KW - Taiwan KW - coronavirus KW - reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction KW - severe acute respiratory syndrome virus KW - zoonosis SP - 608 EP - 615 JF - Zoonoses and public health JO - Zoonoses Public Health VL - 63 IS - 8 N2 - Bats have been demonstrated to be natural reservoirs of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus (SARS CoV) and Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) CoV. Faecal samples from 248 individuals of 20 bat species were tested for partial RNA-dependent RNA polymerase gene of CoV and 57 faecal samples from eight bat species were tested positive. The highest detection rate of 44% for Scotophilus kuhlii, followed by 30% for Rhinolophus monoceros. Significantly higher detection rates of coronaviral RNA were found in female bats and Scotophilus kuhlii roosting in palm trees. Phylogenetic analysis classified the positive samples into SARS-related (SARSr) CoV, Scotophilus bat CoV 512 close to those from China and Philippines, and Miniopterus bat CoV 1A-related lineages. Coronaviral RNA was also detected in bat guano from Scotophilus kuhlii and Myotis formosus flavus on the ground and had potential risk for human exposure. Diverse bat CoV with zoonotic potential could be introduced by migratory bats and maintained in the endemic bat population in Taiwan. SN - 1863-2378 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/27178103/Detection_of_the_Severe_Acute_Respiratory_Syndrome_Related_Coronavirus_and_Alphacoronavirus_in_the_Bat_Population_of_Taiwan_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1111/zph.12271 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -