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Cellulose reinforced nylon-6 nanofibrous membrane: Fabrication strategies, physicochemical characterizations, wicking properties and biomimetic mineralization.
Carbohydr Polym 2016; 147:104-113CP

Abstract

The aim of the present study is to develop a facile, efficient approach to reinforce nylon 6 (N6) nanofibers with cellulose chains as well as to study the effect that cellulose regeneration has on the physicochemical properties of the composite fibers. Here, a cellulose acetate (CA) solution (17wt%) was prepared in formic acid and was blended with N6 solution (20%, prepared in formic acid and acetic acid) in various proportions, and the blended solutions were then electrospun to produce hybrid N6/CA nanofibers. Cellulose was regenerated in-situ in the fiber via alkaline saponification of the CA content of the hybrid fiber, leading to cellulose-reinforced N6 (N6/CL) nanofibers. Electron microscopy studies suggest that the fiber diameter and hence pore size gradually decreases as the mass composition of CA increases in the electrospinning solution. Cellulose regeneration showed noticeable change in the polymorphic behavior of N6, as observed in the XRD and IR spectra. The strong interaction of the hydroxyl group of cellulose with amide group of N6, mainly via hydrogen bonding, has a pronounced effect on the polymorphic behavior of N6. The γ-phase was dominant in pristine N6 and N6/CA fibers while α- phase was dominant in the N6/CL fibers. The surface wettability, wicking properties, and the tensile stress were greatly improved for N6/CL fibers compared to the corresponding N6/CA hybrid fibers. Results of DSC/TGA revealed that N6/CL fibers were more thermally stable than pristine N6 and N6/CA nanofibers. Furthermore, regeneration of cellulose chain improved the ability to nucleate bioactive calcium phosphate crystals in a simulated body fluid solution.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Bionanosystem Engineering, Graduate School, Chonbuk National University, Jeonju 561-756, Republic of Korea; Department of Chemistry, Tri-Chandra Multiple Campus, Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu, Nepal.Department of Bionanosystem Engineering, Graduate School, Chonbuk National University, Jeonju 561-756, Republic of Korea.Department of Bionanosystem Engineering, Graduate School, Chonbuk National University, Jeonju 561-756, Republic of Korea.Department of Bionanosystem Engineering, Graduate School, Chonbuk National University, Jeonju 561-756, Republic of Korea.Department of Convergence Technology Engineering, College of engineering, Chonbuk National University, Jeonju 561-756, Republic of Korea. Electronic address: khanjoo@jbnu.ac.kr.Department of Bionanosystem Engineering, Graduate School, Chonbuk National University, Jeonju 561-756, Republic of Korea. Electronic address: biochan@jbnu.ac.kr.Department of Bionanosystem Engineering, Graduate School, Chonbuk National University, Jeonju 561-756, Republic of Korea; Division of Mechanical Design Engineering, Chonbuk National University, Jeonju 561-756, Republic of Korea; Eco-friendly machine parts design research center, Chonbuk National University, Jeonju 561-756, Republic of Korea. Electronic address: chskim@jbnu.ac.kr.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

27178914

Citation

Joshi, Mahesh Kumar, et al. "Cellulose Reinforced Nylon-6 Nanofibrous Membrane: Fabrication Strategies, Physicochemical Characterizations, Wicking Properties and Biomimetic Mineralization." Carbohydrate Polymers, vol. 147, 2016, pp. 104-113.
Joshi MK, Tiwari AP, Maharjan B, et al. Cellulose reinforced nylon-6 nanofibrous membrane: Fabrication strategies, physicochemical characterizations, wicking properties and biomimetic mineralization. Carbohydr Polym. 2016;147:104-113.
Joshi, M. K., Tiwari, A. P., Maharjan, B., Won, K. S., Kim, H. J., Park, C. H., & Kim, C. S. (2016). Cellulose reinforced nylon-6 nanofibrous membrane: Fabrication strategies, physicochemical characterizations, wicking properties and biomimetic mineralization. Carbohydrate Polymers, 147, pp. 104-113. doi:10.1016/j.carbpol.2016.02.056.
Joshi MK, et al. Cellulose Reinforced Nylon-6 Nanofibrous Membrane: Fabrication Strategies, Physicochemical Characterizations, Wicking Properties and Biomimetic Mineralization. Carbohydr Polym. 2016 08 20;147:104-113. PubMed PMID: 27178914.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Cellulose reinforced nylon-6 nanofibrous membrane: Fabrication strategies, physicochemical characterizations, wicking properties and biomimetic mineralization. AU - Joshi,Mahesh Kumar, AU - Tiwari,Arjun Prasad, AU - Maharjan,Bikendra, AU - Won,Ko Sung, AU - Kim,Han Joo, AU - Park,Chan Hee, AU - Kim,Cheol Sang, Y1 - 2016/02/24/ PY - 2015/12/14/received PY - 2016/02/15/revised PY - 2016/02/21/accepted PY - 2016/5/15/entrez PY - 2016/5/15/pubmed PY - 2018/2/22/medline KW - Cellulose regeneration KW - Composite nanofibers KW - Electrospinning KW - Electrospun membrane KW - Nylon 6 SP - 104 EP - 113 JF - Carbohydrate polymers JO - Carbohydr Polym VL - 147 N2 - The aim of the present study is to develop a facile, efficient approach to reinforce nylon 6 (N6) nanofibers with cellulose chains as well as to study the effect that cellulose regeneration has on the physicochemical properties of the composite fibers. Here, a cellulose acetate (CA) solution (17wt%) was prepared in formic acid and was blended with N6 solution (20%, prepared in formic acid and acetic acid) in various proportions, and the blended solutions were then electrospun to produce hybrid N6/CA nanofibers. Cellulose was regenerated in-situ in the fiber via alkaline saponification of the CA content of the hybrid fiber, leading to cellulose-reinforced N6 (N6/CL) nanofibers. Electron microscopy studies suggest that the fiber diameter and hence pore size gradually decreases as the mass composition of CA increases in the electrospinning solution. Cellulose regeneration showed noticeable change in the polymorphic behavior of N6, as observed in the XRD and IR spectra. The strong interaction of the hydroxyl group of cellulose with amide group of N6, mainly via hydrogen bonding, has a pronounced effect on the polymorphic behavior of N6. The γ-phase was dominant in pristine N6 and N6/CA fibers while α- phase was dominant in the N6/CL fibers. The surface wettability, wicking properties, and the tensile stress were greatly improved for N6/CL fibers compared to the corresponding N6/CA hybrid fibers. Results of DSC/TGA revealed that N6/CL fibers were more thermally stable than pristine N6 and N6/CA nanofibers. Furthermore, regeneration of cellulose chain improved the ability to nucleate bioactive calcium phosphate crystals in a simulated body fluid solution. SN - 1879-1344 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/27178914/Cellulose_reinforced_nylon_6_nanofibrous_membrane:_Fabrication_strategies_physicochemical_characterizations_wicking_properties_and_biomimetic_mineralization_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0144-8617(16)30121-7 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -