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Arabian, Asian, western: a cross-cultural comparison of aircraft accidents from human factor perspectives.
Int J Occup Saf Ergon. 2017 Sep; 23(3):366-373.IJ

Abstract

INTRODUCTION

Rates of aviation accident differ in different regions; and national culture has been implicated as a factor. This invites a discussion about the role of national culture in aviation accidents. This study makes a cross-cultural comparison between Oman, Taiwan and the USA.

METHOD

A cross-cultural comparison was acquired using data from three studies, including this study, by applying the Human Factors Analysis and Classification System (HFACS) framework. The Taiwan study presented 523 mishaps with 1762 occurrences of human error obtained from the Republic of China Air Force. The study from the USA carried out for commercial aviation had 119 accidents with 245 instances of human error. This study carried out in Oman had a total of 40 aircraft accidents with 129 incidences.

RESULTS

Variations were found between Oman, Taiwan and the USA at the levels of organisational influence and unsafe supervision. Seven HFACS categories showed significant differences between the three countries (p < 0.05).

CONCLUSION

Although not given much consideration, national culture can have an impact on aviation safety. This study revealed that national culture plays a role in aircraft accidents related to human factors that cannot be disregarded.

Authors+Show Affiliations

a Royal Air Force of Oman , Oman.

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

27191510

Citation

Al-Wardi, Yousuf. "Arabian, Asian, Western: a Cross-cultural Comparison of Aircraft Accidents From Human Factor Perspectives." International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics : JOSE, vol. 23, no. 3, 2017, pp. 366-373.
Al-Wardi Y. Arabian, Asian, western: a cross-cultural comparison of aircraft accidents from human factor perspectives. Int J Occup Saf Ergon. 2017;23(3):366-373.
Al-Wardi, Y. (2017). Arabian, Asian, western: a cross-cultural comparison of aircraft accidents from human factor perspectives. International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics : JOSE, 23(3), 366-373. https://doi.org/10.1080/10803548.2016.1190233
Al-Wardi Y. Arabian, Asian, Western: a Cross-cultural Comparison of Aircraft Accidents From Human Factor Perspectives. Int J Occup Saf Ergon. 2017;23(3):366-373. PubMed PMID: 27191510.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Arabian, Asian, western: a cross-cultural comparison of aircraft accidents from human factor perspectives. A1 - Al-Wardi,Yousuf, Y1 - 2016/06/16/ PY - 2016/5/19/pubmed PY - 2017/12/14/medline PY - 2016/5/19/entrez KW - accident investigation KW - cross-culture KW - human error SP - 366 EP - 373 JF - International journal of occupational safety and ergonomics : JOSE JO - Int J Occup Saf Ergon VL - 23 IS - 3 N2 - INTRODUCTION: Rates of aviation accident differ in different regions; and national culture has been implicated as a factor. This invites a discussion about the role of national culture in aviation accidents. This study makes a cross-cultural comparison between Oman, Taiwan and the USA. METHOD: A cross-cultural comparison was acquired using data from three studies, including this study, by applying the Human Factors Analysis and Classification System (HFACS) framework. The Taiwan study presented 523 mishaps with 1762 occurrences of human error obtained from the Republic of China Air Force. The study from the USA carried out for commercial aviation had 119 accidents with 245 instances of human error. This study carried out in Oman had a total of 40 aircraft accidents with 129 incidences. RESULTS: Variations were found between Oman, Taiwan and the USA at the levels of organisational influence and unsafe supervision. Seven HFACS categories showed significant differences between the three countries (p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Although not given much consideration, national culture can have an impact on aviation safety. This study revealed that national culture plays a role in aircraft accidents related to human factors that cannot be disregarded. SN - 2376-9130 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/27191510/Arabian_Asian_western:_a_cross_cultural_comparison_of_aircraft_accidents_from_human_factor_perspectives_ L2 - https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/10803548.2016.1190233 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -