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[Factors associated with suicide attempts by sexual minorities: Results from the 2011 gay and lesbian survey].
Rev Epidemiol Sante Publique. 2016 Jun; 64(3):153-63.RE

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Since the 1990s, several studies have found higher rates of suicide attempts in homosexuals and bisexuals than in heterosexuals. The current challenge is to identify risk factors for targeting prevention. The aim of this paper was to determine, for the first time in France, the prevalence of suicide attempts over a 12-month period and associated factors in a population of men and women who self-identified as homosexuals or bisexuals.

METHODS

A convenience sample cross-sectional survey was conducted in 2011 using an anonymous self-administered questionnaire made available in the gay press, and Internet sites targeting the gay or lesbian community. Among the persons completing the questionnaire, 10,100 men and 2963 women residing in France answered the questions on suicide attempts. The factors associated with suicide attempts during the previous 12 months were identified by logistic regression.

RESULTS

Lifetime prevalence for suicide attempts was 16% in men and 18% in women; 12-month prevalence was 1.6% in men and 1.9% in women. Factors independently associated with suicide attempts in the past 12 months in men and women were lack of occupational activity, victim of sexual abuse, termination of a long-term relationship, excessive alcohol consumption in the past 12 months, depression, and in addition, in men, living in a small locality, victim of verbal or physical aggression and use of anxiolytics.

CONCLUSION

According to our results, the fight against homophobia is an important element for the prevention of suicide attempts among homosexual and bisexual men. Indeed, in addition to traditional risk factors for suicide attempt, a significant association was also found with homophobic aggression in the past year.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Département des maladies chroniques et traumatismes, institut de veille sanitaire, 12, rue du Val-d'Osne, 94415 Saint-Maurice, France. Electronic address: lm.paget@invs.sante.fr.Département des maladies chroniques et traumatismes, institut de veille sanitaire, 12, rue du Val-d'Osne, 94415 Saint-Maurice, France.Département des maladies infectieuses, institut de veille sanitaire, 12, rue du Val-d'Osne, 94415 Saint-Maurice, France.Département des maladies infectieuses, institut de veille sanitaire, 12, rue du Val-d'Osne, 94415 Saint-Maurice, France.Département des maladies chroniques et traumatismes, institut de veille sanitaire, 12, rue du Val-d'Osne, 94415 Saint-Maurice, France.Département des maladies infectieuses, institut de veille sanitaire, 12, rue du Val-d'Osne, 94415 Saint-Maurice, France; Inserm, UVSQ, CESP, université Paris-Saclay, université Paris-Sud, 94276 Kremlin-Bicêtre, France.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

fre

PubMed ID

27208999

Citation

Paget, L-M, et al. "[Factors Associated With Suicide Attempts By Sexual Minorities: Results From the 2011 Gay and Lesbian Survey]." Revue D'epidemiologie Et De Sante Publique, vol. 64, no. 3, 2016, pp. 153-63.
Paget LM, Chan Chee C, Sauvage C, et al. [Factors associated with suicide attempts by sexual minorities: Results from the 2011 gay and lesbian survey]. Rev Epidemiol Sante Publique. 2016;64(3):153-63.
Paget, L. M., Chan Chee, C., Sauvage, C., Saboni, L., Beltzer, N., & Velter, A. (2016). [Factors associated with suicide attempts by sexual minorities: Results from the 2011 gay and lesbian survey]. Revue D'epidemiologie Et De Sante Publique, 64(3), 153-63. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.respe.2016.01.098
Paget LM, et al. [Factors Associated With Suicide Attempts By Sexual Minorities: Results From the 2011 Gay and Lesbian Survey]. Rev Epidemiol Sante Publique. 2016;64(3):153-63. PubMed PMID: 27208999.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - [Factors associated with suicide attempts by sexual minorities: Results from the 2011 gay and lesbian survey]. AU - Paget,L-M, AU - Chan Chee,C, AU - Sauvage,C, AU - Saboni,L, AU - Beltzer,N, AU - Velter,A, Y1 - 2016/05/18/ PY - 2015/07/24/received PY - 2015/11/26/revised PY - 2016/01/04/accepted PY - 2016/5/23/entrez PY - 2016/5/23/pubmed PY - 2017/3/28/medline KW - France KW - Homo/bisexuality KW - Homo/bisexualité KW - Suicide attempts KW - Tentative de suicide SP - 153 EP - 63 JF - Revue d'epidemiologie et de sante publique JO - Rev Epidemiol Sante Publique VL - 64 IS - 3 N2 - BACKGROUND: Since the 1990s, several studies have found higher rates of suicide attempts in homosexuals and bisexuals than in heterosexuals. The current challenge is to identify risk factors for targeting prevention. The aim of this paper was to determine, for the first time in France, the prevalence of suicide attempts over a 12-month period and associated factors in a population of men and women who self-identified as homosexuals or bisexuals. METHODS: A convenience sample cross-sectional survey was conducted in 2011 using an anonymous self-administered questionnaire made available in the gay press, and Internet sites targeting the gay or lesbian community. Among the persons completing the questionnaire, 10,100 men and 2963 women residing in France answered the questions on suicide attempts. The factors associated with suicide attempts during the previous 12 months were identified by logistic regression. RESULTS: Lifetime prevalence for suicide attempts was 16% in men and 18% in women; 12-month prevalence was 1.6% in men and 1.9% in women. Factors independently associated with suicide attempts in the past 12 months in men and women were lack of occupational activity, victim of sexual abuse, termination of a long-term relationship, excessive alcohol consumption in the past 12 months, depression, and in addition, in men, living in a small locality, victim of verbal or physical aggression and use of anxiolytics. CONCLUSION: According to our results, the fight against homophobia is an important element for the prevention of suicide attempts among homosexual and bisexual men. Indeed, in addition to traditional risk factors for suicide attempt, a significant association was also found with homophobic aggression in the past year. SN - 0398-7620 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/27208999/[Factors_associated_with_suicide_attempts_by_sexual_minorities:_Results_from_the_2011_gay_and_lesbian_survey]_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0398-7620(16)30154-7 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -