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Angelica sinensis in China-A review of botanical profile, ethnopharmacology, phytochemistry and chemical analysis.
J Ethnopharmacol. 2016 Aug 22; 190:116-41.JE

Abstract

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE

Angelica sinensis (Oliv.) Diels, known as Dang Gui (in Chinese), is a traditional medicinal and edible plant that has long been used for tonifying, replenishing, and invigorating blood as well as relieving pain, lubricating the intestines, and treating female irregular menstruation and amenorrhea. A. sinensis has also been used as a health product and become increasingly popular in China, Japan, and Korea.

AIM OF THE REVIEW

This paper aims to provide a systemic review of traditional uses of A. sinensis and its recent advances in the fields of phytochemistry, analytical methods and toxicology. In addition, possible trends, therapeutic potentials, and perspectives for future research of this plant are also briefly discussed.

MATERIALS AND METHODS

An extensive review of the literature was conducted, and electronic databases including China National Knowledge Infrastructure, PubMed, Google Scholar, Science Direct, and Reaxys were used to assemble the data. Ethnopharmacological literature and digitalised sources of academic libraries were also systematically searched. In addition, information was obtained from local books and The Plant List (TPL, www.theplantlist.org).

RESULT

This study reviews the progress in chemical analysis of A. sinensis and its preparations. Previously and newly established methods, including spectroscopy, thin-layer chromatography (TLC), gas chromatography (GC), high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), ultra-performance liquid chromatography(UPLC), and nuclear magnetic resonance analysis (NMR), are summarized. Moreover, identified bioactive components such as polysaccharides, ligustilide and ferulic acid were reviewed, along with analytical methods for quantitative and qualitative determination of target analytes, and fingerprinting authentication, quality evaluation of A. sinensis, and toxicology and pharmacodynamic studies. Scientific reports on crude extracts and pure compounds and formulations revealed a wide range of pharmacological activities, including anti-inflammatory activity, antifibrotic action, antispasmodic activity, antioxidant activities, and neuroprotective action, as well as cardio- and cerebrovascular effects.

CONCLUSIONS

Within the published scientific literature are numerous reports regarding analytical methods that use various chromatographic and spectrophotometric technologies to monitor various types of components with different physicochemical properties simultaneously. This review discusses the reasonable selection of marker compounds based on high concentrations, analytical methods, and commercial availabilities with the goal of developing quick, accurate, and applicable analytical approaches for quality evaluation and establishing harmonised criteria for the analysis of A. sinensis and its finished products. Compounds isolated from A. sinensis are abundant sources of chemical diversity, from which we can discover active molecules. Thus, more studies on the pharmacological mechanisms of the predominant active compounds of A. sinensis are needed. In addition, given that A. sinensis is one of the most popular traditional herbal medicines, its main therapeutic aspects, toxicity, and adverse effects warrant further investigation in the future.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Institute of Medicinal Plant Development, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College, Beijing 100193, China. Electronic address: 13521032532@163.com.College of Pharmacy, Southwest University for Nationalities, Chengdu 610041, China.Institute of Medicinal Plant Development, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College, Beijing 100193, China. Electronic address: mackzeng@gmail.com.Pharmacy College, Chengdu University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Chengdu 611137, China. Electronic address: quyan028@126.com.Institute of Medicinal Plant Development, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College, Beijing 100193, China. Electronic address: lfhuang@implad.ac.cn.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

27211015

Citation

Wei, Wen-Long, et al. "Angelica Sinensis in China-A Review of Botanical Profile, Ethnopharmacology, Phytochemistry and Chemical Analysis." Journal of Ethnopharmacology, vol. 190, 2016, pp. 116-41.
Wei WL, Zeng R, Gu CM, et al. Angelica sinensis in China-A review of botanical profile, ethnopharmacology, phytochemistry and chemical analysis. J Ethnopharmacol. 2016;190:116-41.
Wei, W. L., Zeng, R., Gu, C. M., Qu, Y., & Huang, L. F. (2016). Angelica sinensis in China-A review of botanical profile, ethnopharmacology, phytochemistry and chemical analysis. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 190, 116-41. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jep.2016.05.023
Wei WL, et al. Angelica Sinensis in China-A Review of Botanical Profile, Ethnopharmacology, Phytochemistry and Chemical Analysis. J Ethnopharmacol. 2016 Aug 22;190:116-41. PubMed PMID: 27211015.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Angelica sinensis in China-A review of botanical profile, ethnopharmacology, phytochemistry and chemical analysis. AU - Wei,Wen-Long, AU - Zeng,Rui, AU - Gu,Cai-Mei, AU - Qu,Yan, AU - Huang,Lin-Fang, Y1 - 2016/05/19/ PY - 2015/09/08/received PY - 2016/05/07/revised PY - 2016/05/10/accepted PY - 2016/5/24/entrez PY - 2016/5/24/pubmed PY - 2017/4/19/medline KW - Angelica sinensis KW - Butylphthalide (PubChem CID: 61361) KW - Chemical analysis KW - Ethnopharmacology KW - Ferulic acid (PubChem CID: 445858) KW - Phytochemistry KW - Senkyunolide A (PubChem CID: 3085257) KW - Vanillic acid (PubChem CID: 8468) KW - Z- ligustilide (PubChem CID: 529865) KW - n-Butylidenephthalide/Z-Butylidenephthalide (PubChem CID: 5352899) SP - 116 EP - 41 JF - Journal of ethnopharmacology JO - J Ethnopharmacol VL - 190 N2 - ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Angelica sinensis (Oliv.) Diels, known as Dang Gui (in Chinese), is a traditional medicinal and edible plant that has long been used for tonifying, replenishing, and invigorating blood as well as relieving pain, lubricating the intestines, and treating female irregular menstruation and amenorrhea. A. sinensis has also been used as a health product and become increasingly popular in China, Japan, and Korea. AIM OF THE REVIEW: This paper aims to provide a systemic review of traditional uses of A. sinensis and its recent advances in the fields of phytochemistry, analytical methods and toxicology. In addition, possible trends, therapeutic potentials, and perspectives for future research of this plant are also briefly discussed. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An extensive review of the literature was conducted, and electronic databases including China National Knowledge Infrastructure, PubMed, Google Scholar, Science Direct, and Reaxys were used to assemble the data. Ethnopharmacological literature and digitalised sources of academic libraries were also systematically searched. In addition, information was obtained from local books and The Plant List (TPL, www.theplantlist.org). RESULT: This study reviews the progress in chemical analysis of A. sinensis and its preparations. Previously and newly established methods, including spectroscopy, thin-layer chromatography (TLC), gas chromatography (GC), high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), ultra-performance liquid chromatography(UPLC), and nuclear magnetic resonance analysis (NMR), are summarized. Moreover, identified bioactive components such as polysaccharides, ligustilide and ferulic acid were reviewed, along with analytical methods for quantitative and qualitative determination of target analytes, and fingerprinting authentication, quality evaluation of A. sinensis, and toxicology and pharmacodynamic studies. Scientific reports on crude extracts and pure compounds and formulations revealed a wide range of pharmacological activities, including anti-inflammatory activity, antifibrotic action, antispasmodic activity, antioxidant activities, and neuroprotective action, as well as cardio- and cerebrovascular effects. CONCLUSIONS: Within the published scientific literature are numerous reports regarding analytical methods that use various chromatographic and spectrophotometric technologies to monitor various types of components with different physicochemical properties simultaneously. This review discusses the reasonable selection of marker compounds based on high concentrations, analytical methods, and commercial availabilities with the goal of developing quick, accurate, and applicable analytical approaches for quality evaluation and establishing harmonised criteria for the analysis of A. sinensis and its finished products. Compounds isolated from A. sinensis are abundant sources of chemical diversity, from which we can discover active molecules. Thus, more studies on the pharmacological mechanisms of the predominant active compounds of A. sinensis are needed. In addition, given that A. sinensis is one of the most popular traditional herbal medicines, its main therapeutic aspects, toxicity, and adverse effects warrant further investigation in the future. SN - 1872-7573 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/27211015/Angelica_sinensis_in_China_A_review_of_botanical_profile_ethnopharmacology_phytochemistry_and_chemical_analysis_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0378-8741(16)30295-1 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -