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Estimating dietary micronutrient supply and the prevalence of inadequate intakes from national Food Balance Sheets in the South Asia regiona.
Asia Pac J Clin Nutr. 2016; 25(2):368-76.AP

Abstract

Micronutrient deficiencies continue to be a major public health concern worldwide with many South Asian countries suffering a significant proportion of the global burden. A lack of nationally representative data on micronutrient deficiencies hampers sustained action to address the problem. Using data on the national food supply produced by the Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations, and international food composition tables, the present study estimated the prevalence of inadequacy of seven micronutrients (vitamin A, thiamine, riboflavin, folate, vitamin B-12, zinc and calcium) in seven South Asian countries--Bangladesh, India, Iran, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka. The estimated average requirement cut-point method was employed to determine the likelihood of inadequate micronutrient intakes. We report multiple micronutrient inadequacies in the food supply in the region, especially in the low and lower-middle income countries. Of the seven micronutrients investigated, calcium had the highest risk levels of inadequacy. Folate, riboflavin, vitamin B-12 and zinc were also deemed to be at high risk of inadequacy, although results differed markedly between countries. Various strategies to combat micronutrient deficiencies are currently underway in these countries. In order to facilitate the implementation of these efforts, the collection of nationally representative nutritional assessment survey data are urgently required to ascertain the true burden of micronutrient malnutrition.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Sight and Life, Basel, Switzerland.Department of Human Nutrition, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand.Department of Human Nutrition, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand.Sight and Life, Basel, Switzerland.Sight and Life, Basel, Switzerland. Email: klaus.kraemer@sightandlife.org; info@sightandlife.org. Department of International Health Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, USA.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

27222421

Citation

Mark, Henry E., et al. "Estimating Dietary Micronutrient Supply and the Prevalence of Inadequate Intakes From National Food Balance Sheets in the South Asia Regiona." Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 25, no. 2, 2016, pp. 368-76.
Mark HE, Houghton LA, Gibson RS, et al. Estimating dietary micronutrient supply and the prevalence of inadequate intakes from national Food Balance Sheets in the South Asia regiona. Asia Pac J Clin Nutr. 2016;25(2):368-76.
Mark, H. E., Houghton, L. A., Gibson, R. S., Monterrosa, E., & Kraemer, K. (2016). Estimating dietary micronutrient supply and the prevalence of inadequate intakes from national Food Balance Sheets in the South Asia regiona. Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 25(2), 368-76. https://doi.org/10.6133/apjcn.2016.25.2.11
Mark HE, et al. Estimating Dietary Micronutrient Supply and the Prevalence of Inadequate Intakes From National Food Balance Sheets in the South Asia Regiona. Asia Pac J Clin Nutr. 2016;25(2):368-76. PubMed PMID: 27222421.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Estimating dietary micronutrient supply and the prevalence of inadequate intakes from national Food Balance Sheets in the South Asia regiona. AU - Mark,Henry E, AU - Houghton,Lisa A, AU - Gibson,Rosalind S, AU - Monterrosa,Eva, AU - Kraemer,Klaus, PY - 2016/5/26/entrez PY - 2016/5/26/pubmed PY - 2016/7/20/medline SP - 368 EP - 76 JF - Asia Pacific journal of clinical nutrition JO - Asia Pac J Clin Nutr VL - 25 IS - 2 N2 - Micronutrient deficiencies continue to be a major public health concern worldwide with many South Asian countries suffering a significant proportion of the global burden. A lack of nationally representative data on micronutrient deficiencies hampers sustained action to address the problem. Using data on the national food supply produced by the Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations, and international food composition tables, the present study estimated the prevalence of inadequacy of seven micronutrients (vitamin A, thiamine, riboflavin, folate, vitamin B-12, zinc and calcium) in seven South Asian countries--Bangladesh, India, Iran, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka. The estimated average requirement cut-point method was employed to determine the likelihood of inadequate micronutrient intakes. We report multiple micronutrient inadequacies in the food supply in the region, especially in the low and lower-middle income countries. Of the seven micronutrients investigated, calcium had the highest risk levels of inadequacy. Folate, riboflavin, vitamin B-12 and zinc were also deemed to be at high risk of inadequacy, although results differed markedly between countries. Various strategies to combat micronutrient deficiencies are currently underway in these countries. In order to facilitate the implementation of these efforts, the collection of nationally representative nutritional assessment survey data are urgently required to ascertain the true burden of micronutrient malnutrition. SN - 0964-7058 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/27222421/Estimating_dietary_micronutrient_supply_and_the_prevalence_of_inadequate_intakes_from_national_Food_Balance_Sheets_in_the_South_Asia_regiona_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -