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Diagnosis and treatment of ankyloglossia: A narrative review and a report of three cases.
Quintessence Int 2016; 47(6):523-34QI

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Ankyloglossia or tongue-tie is a congenital oral anomaly with short, tight, and thick lingual frenulum. It may be asymptomatic or can cause movement limitations of the tongue, speech and articulation difficulties, breastfeeding difficulties in neonates, as well as periodontal and malocclusion problems. The etiopathogenesis of ankyloglossia is unknown; it can occur either as a sole anomaly in the vast majority or in association with other craniofacial anomalies.

OBJECTIVES

The aims of this paper were (1) to provide a comprehensive review on the criteria for clinical assessment and diagnosis, etiology and inheritance, and the therapeutic options of ankyloglossia; and (2) to demonstrate the treatment of ankyloglossia by means of frenuloplasty in three cases.

REVIEW

The available evidence from the literature indicates that among neonates, children, and adults the prevalence of ankyloglossia is low and in some cases remains undiagnosed. The early clinical assessment, diagnosis, and treatment are beneficial for the patients and their mothers.

CONCLUSIONS

Frenuloplasty is a safe, quick, effective, and economical method and for this reason the parents should not hesitate towards frenulum release. More clinical studies are needed to confirm the benefits of the surgical interventions and to compare the results with those obtained using nonsurgical therapy or with untreated cases.

Authors

No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Case Reports
Journal Article
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

27222891

Citation

Tsaousoglou, Phoebus, et al. "Diagnosis and Treatment of Ankyloglossia: a Narrative Review and a Report of Three Cases." Quintessence International (Berlin, Germany : 1985), vol. 47, no. 6, 2016, pp. 523-34.
Tsaousoglou P, Topouzelis N, Vouros I, et al. Diagnosis and treatment of ankyloglossia: A narrative review and a report of three cases. Quintessence Int. 2016;47(6):523-34.
Tsaousoglou, P., Topouzelis, N., Vouros, I., & Sculean, A. (2016). Diagnosis and treatment of ankyloglossia: A narrative review and a report of three cases. Quintessence International (Berlin, Germany : 1985), 47(6), pp. 523-34. doi:10.3290/j.qi.a36027.
Tsaousoglou P, et al. Diagnosis and Treatment of Ankyloglossia: a Narrative Review and a Report of Three Cases. Quintessence Int. 2016;47(6):523-34. PubMed PMID: 27222891.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Diagnosis and treatment of ankyloglossia: A narrative review and a report of three cases. AU - Tsaousoglou,Phoebus, AU - Topouzelis,Nikolaos, AU - Vouros,Ioannis, AU - Sculean,Anton, PY - 2016/5/26/entrez PY - 2016/5/26/pubmed PY - 2017/8/23/medline SP - 523 EP - 34 JF - Quintessence international (Berlin, Germany : 1985) JO - Quintessence Int VL - 47 IS - 6 N2 - BACKGROUND: Ankyloglossia or tongue-tie is a congenital oral anomaly with short, tight, and thick lingual frenulum. It may be asymptomatic or can cause movement limitations of the tongue, speech and articulation difficulties, breastfeeding difficulties in neonates, as well as periodontal and malocclusion problems. The etiopathogenesis of ankyloglossia is unknown; it can occur either as a sole anomaly in the vast majority or in association with other craniofacial anomalies. OBJECTIVES: The aims of this paper were (1) to provide a comprehensive review on the criteria for clinical assessment and diagnosis, etiology and inheritance, and the therapeutic options of ankyloglossia; and (2) to demonstrate the treatment of ankyloglossia by means of frenuloplasty in three cases. REVIEW: The available evidence from the literature indicates that among neonates, children, and adults the prevalence of ankyloglossia is low and in some cases remains undiagnosed. The early clinical assessment, diagnosis, and treatment are beneficial for the patients and their mothers. CONCLUSIONS: Frenuloplasty is a safe, quick, effective, and economical method and for this reason the parents should not hesitate towards frenulum release. More clinical studies are needed to confirm the benefits of the surgical interventions and to compare the results with those obtained using nonsurgical therapy or with untreated cases. SN - 1936-7163 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/27222891/Diagnosis_and_treatment_of_ankyloglossia:_A_narrative_review_and_a_report_of_three_cases L2 - http://qi.quintessenz.de/index.php?doc=abstract&abstractID=36027/ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -