Clinical Outcomes of Infants With Periorbital Hemangiomas Treated With Oral Propranolol.J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2016 Nov; 74(11):2193-2199.JO
Periorbital infantile hemangiomas (IHs) require early intervention because they have the potential risk of causing visual disturbances. In recent years, propranolol has shown promise in the effective management of periocular and periorbital IHs. The objective of our study was to assess the clinical outcomes, efficacy, and safety of propranolol in the management of infants with high-risk periorbital IHs.
PATIENTS AND METHODS
This retrospective study was conducted at the Stomatological Hospital affiliated with China Medical University. The medical records of infants with periorbital hemangiomas who were treated with systemic propranolol at a dose of 1.0 to 1.5 mg/kg per day between January 2014 and June 2015 were reviewed. We excluded infants who did not qualify for propranolol treatment and infants who received previous therapy or other treatments. The records were reviewed for treatment response, adverse events during treatment, length of treatment, and recurrences. Treatment response was classified using a 4-point scale system based on reduction in volume as poor (<25%), moderate (25 to 50%), good (50 to 75%), or excellent (>75 to 100%) and change in color, as well as surface texture, by a panel of 3 plastic surgeons using 2-dimensional photographs, clinical examination, and Doppler ultrasonography measurements taken before and after treatment.
Of 38 infants with periorbital hemangiomas, 26 were treated with systemic propranolol at a dose of 1.0 to 1.5 mg/kg administered once daily. A total of 11 male and 15 female infants with a mean age of 5.2 months (range, 2 to 12 months) were treated. The mean length of treatment was 22 weeks (range, 4 to 41 weeks). Adverse events of diarrhea (n = 3) and sleep changes (n = 1) were encountered during treatment in 4 patients. The overall treatment response was scored as excellent in 17 patients, good in 7, moderate in 2, and poor in 0. No patients required discontinuation of treatment because of adverse events, and there were no cases of recurrence or tumor regrowth noted during the mean follow-up period of 6.5 months (range, 3 to 10 months).
Oral propranolol at a dose of 1.0 to 1.5 mg/kg per day (age ≤3 months, 1.0 mg/kg; age >3 months, 1.5 mg/kg) was effective and well tolerated for the management of 26 Chinese infants with high-risk periorbital IHs. Early intervention should be considered to reduce risk of visual impairment and improve esthetic outcomes.