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Travelers to the FIFA world cup 2014 in Brazil: Health risks related to mass gatherings/sports events and implications for the Summer Olympic Games in Rio de Janeiro in 2016.
Travel Med Infect Dis. 2016 May-Jun; 14(3):212-20.TM

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Health threats during mass gatherings, such as the FIFA world cup 2014 differ from traditional health risks. The influence of event type, demographics of attendees and environmental conditions are still not fully understood.

METHODS

An observational, prospective case-control survey conducted at the Frankfurt international airport in Germany on 544 travelers to the FIFA world cup 2014 and 432 regular travelers to Brazil departing after the end of the world cup.

RESULTS

Travelers to the FIFA world cup 2014 were predominantly male whereas the gender distribution in the control group was more balanced. The majority in both groups obtained insect bites and sunburns as environmental risk factors. Every third traveler suffered from diarrheal complaints in both groups, whereas the proportion of travelers with flu-like symptoms was higher in the case group. Travelers to the FIFA world cup 2014 indicated alcohol intake and sexual contacts outside of a relationship more frequently than travelers in the control group.

CONCLUSIONS

The additional health risks of travelers to sporting events as the FIFA world cup 2014 should be addressed in addition to traditional health threats in pre-travel counseling for the Summer Olympic Games 2016 in Brazil.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Clinical Research Unit, Bernhard Nocht Institute for Tropical Medicine, Hamburg, Germany.Clinical Research Unit, Bernhard Nocht Institute for Tropical Medicine, Hamburg, Germany; Section Tropical Medicine, I. Department of Medicine, University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Hamburg, Germany.Clinical Research Unit, Bernhard Nocht Institute for Tropical Medicine, Hamburg, Germany.Clinical Research Unit, Bernhard Nocht Institute for Tropical Medicine, Hamburg, Germany; Section Tropical Medicine, I. Department of Medicine, University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Hamburg, Germany.University of Zurich Centre for Travel Medicine, WHO Collaborating Centre for Travelers' Health, Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Prevention Institute, Zurich, Switzerland.Clinical Research Unit, Bernhard Nocht Institute for Tropical Medicine, Hamburg, Germany. Electronic address: cramer@bni-hamburg.de.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Observational Study

Language

eng

PubMed ID

27238909

Citation

Eberhardt, Kirsten Alexandra, et al. "Travelers to the FIFA World Cup 2014 in Brazil: Health Risks Related to Mass Gatherings/sports Events and Implications for the Summer Olympic Games in Rio De Janeiro in 2016." Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease, vol. 14, no. 3, 2016, pp. 212-20.
Eberhardt KA, Vinnemeier CD, Dehnerdt J, et al. Travelers to the FIFA world cup 2014 in Brazil: Health risks related to mass gatherings/sports events and implications for the Summer Olympic Games in Rio de Janeiro in 2016. Travel Med Infect Dis. 2016;14(3):212-20.
Eberhardt, K. A., Vinnemeier, C. D., Dehnerdt, J., Rolling, T., Steffen, R., & Cramer, J. P. (2016). Travelers to the FIFA world cup 2014 in Brazil: Health risks related to mass gatherings/sports events and implications for the Summer Olympic Games in Rio de Janeiro in 2016. Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease, 14(3), 212-20. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tmaid.2016.05.014
Eberhardt KA, et al. Travelers to the FIFA World Cup 2014 in Brazil: Health Risks Related to Mass Gatherings/sports Events and Implications for the Summer Olympic Games in Rio De Janeiro in 2016. Travel Med Infect Dis. 2016 May-Jun;14(3):212-20. PubMed PMID: 27238909.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Travelers to the FIFA world cup 2014 in Brazil: Health risks related to mass gatherings/sports events and implications for the Summer Olympic Games in Rio de Janeiro in 2016. AU - Eberhardt,Kirsten Alexandra, AU - Vinnemeier,Christof David, AU - Dehnerdt,Johanna, AU - Rolling,Thierry, AU - Steffen,Robert, AU - Cramer,Jakob Peter, Y1 - 2016/05/26/ PY - 2016/03/25/received PY - 2016/05/19/revised PY - 2016/05/19/accepted PY - 2016/5/31/entrez PY - 2016/5/31/pubmed PY - 2017/4/14/medline KW - Brazil KW - FIFA world cup 2014 KW - Mass gathering KW - Summer Olympic Games 2016 SP - 212 EP - 20 JF - Travel medicine and infectious disease JO - Travel Med Infect Dis VL - 14 IS - 3 N2 - BACKGROUND: Health threats during mass gatherings, such as the FIFA world cup 2014 differ from traditional health risks. The influence of event type, demographics of attendees and environmental conditions are still not fully understood. METHODS: An observational, prospective case-control survey conducted at the Frankfurt international airport in Germany on 544 travelers to the FIFA world cup 2014 and 432 regular travelers to Brazil departing after the end of the world cup. RESULTS: Travelers to the FIFA world cup 2014 were predominantly male whereas the gender distribution in the control group was more balanced. The majority in both groups obtained insect bites and sunburns as environmental risk factors. Every third traveler suffered from diarrheal complaints in both groups, whereas the proportion of travelers with flu-like symptoms was higher in the case group. Travelers to the FIFA world cup 2014 indicated alcohol intake and sexual contacts outside of a relationship more frequently than travelers in the control group. CONCLUSIONS: The additional health risks of travelers to sporting events as the FIFA world cup 2014 should be addressed in addition to traditional health threats in pre-travel counseling for the Summer Olympic Games 2016 in Brazil. SN - 1873-0442 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/27238909/Travelers_to_the_FIFA_world_cup_2014_in_Brazil:_Health_risks_related_to_mass_gatherings/sports_events_and_implications_for_the_Summer_Olympic_Games_in_Rio_de_Janeiro_in_2016_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1477-8939(16)30047-3 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -