Role of triglyceride-rich lipoproteins from the liver and intestine in the etiology of postprandial peaks in plasma triglyceride concentration.Metabolism. 1989 May; 38(5):484-90.M
Plasma triglyceride concentration in human subjects peaks once, twice or three times in the twelve-hour period following the ingestion of a fat-rich meal. Triglyceride-rich lipoproteins (TRL) containing apolipoprotein (apo)B-48 (of intestinal origin), and TRL containing apoB-100 (predominantly of hepatic origin) both contribute to postprandial changes in plasma triglyceride concentration. To test the hypothesis that earlier peaks in postprandial triglyceridemia are due predominantly to the secretion of TRL from the intestine, while later peaks are due to the secretion of TRL from the liver, TRL apoB-48, TRL apoB-100 and retinyl ester (a marker of intestinal lipoproteins) were measured in plasma samples from subjects fed a fat-rich meal (1 g fat/kg body wt). Data from seven subjects (four fed 40 retinol equivalents vitamin A/kg body wt, three fed 20 retinol equivalents vitamin A/kg body wt, with the fat meal), showed that postprandial peaks in plasma triglyceride were always associated with increases in plasma retinyl ester concentration. In four subjects, who were selected because they had two clearly defined postprandial triglyceride peaks, the plasma concentration of TRL triglyceride, apoB-48, apoE and apoC increased in conjunction with both the earlier (three hour) and later (nine hour) peaks in plasma triglyceride. Increase in TRL apoB-100 was associated with both peaks in two of the four subjects. Our data suggest that 1) TRL from the liver and intestine contribute to both earlier and later peaks in postprandial triglyceridemia; and 2) the rate of appearance of TRL from the intestine is not constant after dietary fat absorption.