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Biochemical Characterization and Antimicrobial and Antifungal Activity of Two Endemic Varieties of Garlic (Allium sativum L.) of the Campania Region, Southern Italy.
J Med Food. 2016 Jul; 19(7):686-91.JM

Abstract

Extracts of the bulbs of the two endemic varieties "Rosato" and "Caposele" of Allium sativum of the Campania region, Southern Italy, were analyzed. The phenolic content, ascorbic acid, allicin content, and in vitro antimicrobial and antifungal activity were determined. Ultra performance liquid chromatography with diode array detector performed polyphenol profile. The polyphenolic extracts showed antioxidant activity (EC50) lower than 120 mg. The amount of ascorbic acid and allicin in the two extracts was similar. Polyphenol extract exhibited antimicrobial activity against Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and (only by the extract of Rosato) against Bacillus cereus. The extract of Caposele was more effective in inhibiting the growth of Aspergillus versicolor and Penicillum citrinum. On the other hand, the extract of Rosato was effective against Penicillium expansum.

Authors+Show Affiliations

1 Institute of Food Science , CNR-ISA, Avellino, Italy .2 Azienda "F. Marsocci," Acerra , Naples, Italy .2 Azienda "F. Marsocci," Acerra , Naples, Italy .1 Institute of Food Science , CNR-ISA, Avellino, Italy .1 Institute of Food Science , CNR-ISA, Avellino, Italy . 3 Department of Agriculture, Environment and Food, DIAAA, University of Molise , Campobasso, Italy .3 Department of Agriculture, Environment and Food, DIAAA, University of Molise , Campobasso, Italy .1 Institute of Food Science , CNR-ISA, Avellino, Italy . 3 Department of Agriculture, Environment and Food, DIAAA, University of Molise , Campobasso, Italy .1 Institute of Food Science , CNR-ISA, Avellino, Italy .

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

27259073

Citation

Fratianni, Florinda, et al. "Biochemical Characterization and Antimicrobial and Antifungal Activity of Two Endemic Varieties of Garlic (Allium Sativum L.) of the Campania Region, Southern Italy." Journal of Medicinal Food, vol. 19, no. 7, 2016, pp. 686-91.
Fratianni F, Riccardi R, Spigno P, et al. Biochemical Characterization and Antimicrobial and Antifungal Activity of Two Endemic Varieties of Garlic (Allium sativum L.) of the Campania Region, Southern Italy. J Med Food. 2016;19(7):686-91.
Fratianni, F., Riccardi, R., Spigno, P., Ombra, M. N., Cozzolino, A., Tremonte, P., Coppola, R., & Nazzaro, F. (2016). Biochemical Characterization and Antimicrobial and Antifungal Activity of Two Endemic Varieties of Garlic (Allium sativum L.) of the Campania Region, Southern Italy. Journal of Medicinal Food, 19(7), 686-91. https://doi.org/10.1089/jmf.2016.0027
Fratianni F, et al. Biochemical Characterization and Antimicrobial and Antifungal Activity of Two Endemic Varieties of Garlic (Allium Sativum L.) of the Campania Region, Southern Italy. J Med Food. 2016;19(7):686-91. PubMed PMID: 27259073.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Biochemical Characterization and Antimicrobial and Antifungal Activity of Two Endemic Varieties of Garlic (Allium sativum L.) of the Campania Region, Southern Italy. AU - Fratianni,Florinda, AU - Riccardi,Riccardo, AU - Spigno,Patrizia, AU - Ombra,Maria Neve, AU - Cozzolino,Autilia, AU - Tremonte,Patrizio, AU - Coppola,Raffaele, AU - Nazzaro,Filomena, Y1 - 2016/06/03/ PY - 2016/6/4/entrez PY - 2016/6/4/pubmed PY - 2017/3/23/medline KW - Allium KW - allicin KW - antifungal KW - antimicrobial KW - antioxidant KW - ascorbic acid KW - polyphenols KW - ultra performance liquid chromatography SP - 686 EP - 91 JF - Journal of medicinal food JO - J Med Food VL - 19 IS - 7 N2 - Extracts of the bulbs of the two endemic varieties "Rosato" and "Caposele" of Allium sativum of the Campania region, Southern Italy, were analyzed. The phenolic content, ascorbic acid, allicin content, and in vitro antimicrobial and antifungal activity were determined. Ultra performance liquid chromatography with diode array detector performed polyphenol profile. The polyphenolic extracts showed antioxidant activity (EC50) lower than 120 mg. The amount of ascorbic acid and allicin in the two extracts was similar. Polyphenol extract exhibited antimicrobial activity against Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and (only by the extract of Rosato) against Bacillus cereus. The extract of Caposele was more effective in inhibiting the growth of Aspergillus versicolor and Penicillum citrinum. On the other hand, the extract of Rosato was effective against Penicillium expansum. SN - 1557-7600 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/27259073/Biochemical_Characterization_and_Antimicrobial_and_Antifungal_Activity_of_Two_Endemic_Varieties_of_Garlic__Allium_sativum_L___of_the_Campania_Region_Southern_Italy_ L2 - https://www.liebertpub.com/doi/10.1089/jmf.2016.0027?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -