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Mindfulness-based yoga intervention for women with depression.
Complement Ther Med 2016; 26:85-91CT

Abstract

OBJECTIVES

The purpose of this study was to examine the efficacy of a 12-week mindfulness-based yoga intervention on depressive symptoms and rumination among depressed women.

DESIGN

Prospective, randomized, controlled 12 week intervention pilot study. Depressive symptoms were assessed at baseline, post-intervention (12 weeks), and one-month follow-up.

SETTING

Women with a history of diagnosed depression and currently depressed were randomized to a mindfulness-based yoga condition or a walking control.

INTERVENTIONS

The mindfulness-based yoga intervention consisted of a home-based yoga asana, pranayama and meditation practice with mindfulness education sessions delivered over the telephone. The walking control condition consisted of home-based walking sessions and health education sessions delivered over the phone.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES

The Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) and Ruminative Responses Scale (RRS).

RESULTS

Both groups reported decreases in depressive symptoms from baseline to post-intervention, f(1,33)=34.83, p<0.001, and from baseline to one-month follow-up, f(1,33)=37.01, p<0.001. After controlling for baseline, there were no significant between group differences on depression scores at post-intervention and the one-month follow-up assessment. The mindfulness-based yoga condition reported significantly lower levels of rumination than the control condition at post-intervention, after controlling for baseline levels of rumination, f(1,31)=6.23, p<0.01.

CONCLUSIONS

These findings suggest that mindfulness-based yoga may provide tools to manage ruminative thoughts among women with elevated depressive symptoms. Future studies, with larger samples are needed to address the effect of yoga on depression and further explore the impact on rumination.

Authors+Show Affiliations

University of Minnesota, School of Kinesiology and Center for Spirituality & Healing, 1900 University Ave SE & 420 Delaware St. SE C592, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA. Electronic address: schuv007@umn.edu.University of Minnesota, School of Kinesiology, 1900 University Ave SE, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Randomized Controlled Trial

Language

eng

PubMed ID

27261987

Citation

Schuver, Katie J., and Beth A. Lewis. "Mindfulness-based Yoga Intervention for Women With Depression." Complementary Therapies in Medicine, vol. 26, 2016, pp. 85-91.
Schuver KJ, Lewis BA. Mindfulness-based yoga intervention for women with depression. Complement Ther Med. 2016;26:85-91.
Schuver, K. J., & Lewis, B. A. (2016). Mindfulness-based yoga intervention for women with depression. Complementary Therapies in Medicine, 26, pp. 85-91. doi:10.1016/j.ctim.2016.03.003.
Schuver KJ, Lewis BA. Mindfulness-based Yoga Intervention for Women With Depression. Complement Ther Med. 2016;26:85-91. PubMed PMID: 27261987.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Mindfulness-based yoga intervention for women with depression. AU - Schuver,Katie J, AU - Lewis,Beth A, Y1 - 2016/03/14/ PY - 2015/12/16/received PY - 2016/03/03/revised PY - 2016/03/04/accepted PY - 2016/6/5/entrez PY - 2016/6/5/pubmed PY - 2017/6/27/medline KW - Depression KW - Hatha yoga KW - Mindfulness KW - NCT02630758 SP - 85 EP - 91 JF - Complementary therapies in medicine JO - Complement Ther Med VL - 26 N2 - OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to examine the efficacy of a 12-week mindfulness-based yoga intervention on depressive symptoms and rumination among depressed women. DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, controlled 12 week intervention pilot study. Depressive symptoms were assessed at baseline, post-intervention (12 weeks), and one-month follow-up. SETTING: Women with a history of diagnosed depression and currently depressed were randomized to a mindfulness-based yoga condition or a walking control. INTERVENTIONS: The mindfulness-based yoga intervention consisted of a home-based yoga asana, pranayama and meditation practice with mindfulness education sessions delivered over the telephone. The walking control condition consisted of home-based walking sessions and health education sessions delivered over the phone. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) and Ruminative Responses Scale (RRS). RESULTS: Both groups reported decreases in depressive symptoms from baseline to post-intervention, f(1,33)=34.83, p<0.001, and from baseline to one-month follow-up, f(1,33)=37.01, p<0.001. After controlling for baseline, there were no significant between group differences on depression scores at post-intervention and the one-month follow-up assessment. The mindfulness-based yoga condition reported significantly lower levels of rumination than the control condition at post-intervention, after controlling for baseline levels of rumination, f(1,31)=6.23, p<0.01. CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest that mindfulness-based yoga may provide tools to manage ruminative thoughts among women with elevated depressive symptoms. Future studies, with larger samples are needed to address the effect of yoga on depression and further explore the impact on rumination. SN - 1873-6963 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/27261987/Mindfulness_based_yoga_intervention_for_women_with_depression_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0965-2299(16)30029-2 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -